HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: GM - GR
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
GM&S mark, not identified, Sheffield 1933
GM&S
not identified,
Sheffield 1933 hallmark
G.M.Co mark, Gorham Manufacturing Co, Birmingham 1938 G.M.Co mark, Gorham Manufacturing Co, Birmingham import mark 1905
G.M.Co into an indented rectangle
Gorham Manufacturing Co,
Birmingham 1938 hallmark


Birmingham 1905 import hallmark
 G.M.Co mark, G. Mills & Co, Birmingham 1938
G.M.Co
G. Mills & Co,
Birmingham 1938 hallmark
 G MH mark, George McHattie & Co, Edinburgh 1809
G MH
George McHattie,
Edinburgh 1809 hallmark
GMJ mark, Josiah Williams & Co -George Maudsley Jackson-, London 1895 GMJ mark, Josiah Williams & Co -George Maudsley Jackson-, London 1895
GMJ
Josiah Williams & Co -George Maudsley Jackson-,
St Augustine's Parade, Bristol
London 1895 hallmark ... MORE....
GN into an upturned heart mark, Gawen Nash, London c. 1730 GN into an upturned heart mark, Gawen Nash, London c. 1730
GN into an upturned heart
Gawen Nash,
London c.1730 hallmark
 G N into an oval mark, George Nangle, Dublin 1809  G N into a rectangle mark, George Nangle -possibly-, Dublin 1794  G N into a rectangle mark, George Nangle -possibly-, Dublin 1794
G N into an oval or GN into a rectangle (possibly)
George Nangle,
Dublin 1809 hallmark


Dublin 1794 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Birmingham 1911 G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Birmingham 1911 G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Chester 1905 G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Chester 1905
G.N over R.H into a shield
George Nathan & Ridley Hayes,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark



Chester 1905 hallmark
 G of H mark, George Henry Hart  - 'Guild of Handicraft', London 1942
G of H
George Henry Hart - 'Guild of Handicraft',
George Henry Hart (1882-1973) was one of the silversmiths working with Charles Ashbee and the original Guild of Handicraft. In 1912 he took over the workshops obtaining his success in the 1926 and 1927 Goldsmith's Company competitions. He was made a Freeman in 1929 and was joined in 1930 by his son, Henry. Now George Hart's grandson, David Hart, continues the work of the Guild of Handicraft.
London 1942 hallmark
 GP mark, George Piercy, London 1820
GP
George Piercy,
London 1820 hallmark
 G P into an indented chamfered rectangle mark, Septimus Louis Platnauer trading as Gertrude Platnauer, Chester 1938
G P into an indented chamfered rectangle
Septimus Louis Platnauer trading as Gertrude Platnauer,
51 Vyse Street, Birmingham. Mark entered 1938, other similar marks entered from 1912
Chester 1938 hallmark
GP&S into four conjoined octagons mark, G. Payne & Son, Birmingham 1930
GP&S into four conjoined octagons
G. Payne & Son,
The firm was founded in Wallingford in 1790 by John Payne in 1790. Further shops were opened in Abingdon 1825, Banbury 1842 and Tunbridge Wells 1870, all run by various members of the Payne family. George Septimus Payne inherited the Abingdon shop in 1874 and moved to Oxford in 1888. Payne & Son (Goldsmiths), Oxford, started trading in January 1889 and have been at 131 High Street ever since
Birmingham 1930 hallmark
GPB without frame mark, not identified, Birmingham 1910
GPB without frame
not identified,
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
G.R into a rectangle mark, George John Richards, London 1848
G.R into a rectangle
George John Richards,
entered 1844
London 1848 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
 GR over EB into a quatrefoil mark, George John Richards & Edward Charles Brown, London 1864
GR over EB into a quatrefoil
George John Richards & Edward Charles Brown,
London 1864 hallmark
G over R I mark, Richard & Joseph Gosling -possibly- , London c. 1760
G over R I
Richard & Joseph Gosling -possibly-,
London c. 1760 hallmark
 GRISH CHUNDER DUTT into a lozenge mark, Grish, Chunder & Dutt, Bhowanipore CALCUTTA - India v.1890-1900
GRISH CHUNDER DUTT into a lozenge
Grish, Chunder & Dutt,
Bhowanipore CALCUTTA - India v.1890-1900 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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