ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
SH - SZ

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



S.H into a rectangle (Simon Harris [ L ]) entered 1795
SH under a heart over a pellet into a shield (Samuel Hutton [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SH in script (Samuel Herbert [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SH (Samuel Holmes [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SH into two circles (Samuel H Hayne [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
SH into a rectangle (Solomon Hougham [ L ]) entered 1793
SH into a square (Stewart Hersey -M C Hersey & Son Ltd - Middlesex [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
S.H into a chamfered square (Stewart Hersey - M. C. Hersey & Son Ltd [L] ) end 20th c./present
SH or HS (not identified [S (possibly)] ) 1824 (possibly)
SH &Co into two rectangles (Sidney Hall & Co possibly- [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
SH over DC (also in script) (Samuel Hayne & Dudley Cater [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
SH.DC into a rectangle (Samuel Hayne & Dudley Cater [ L ] ) mid 19th c.
SH over IT (Samuel Hennell & John Terry [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
SHS without frame (Slade Hamilton & Son [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
SH over SR over IED into a rectangle (Solomon Hougham, Solomon Royes & John East Dix [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
S.I.Ld. (Stokes & Ireland Ltd -William Henry Stokes & Arthur George Ireland- [ B ][ C ][ L ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
Sir. JB Ltd. (Sir John Bennett Ltd [L ] ) 20th c./1st half
SJ (Samuel Jacob [ L ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
SJ into an oval (Sarah Jones [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half



S.J.L&Co (S J Levi & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
SJP. under a cup into a trefoil (Solomon Joel Phillips [ D ][L ]) 20th c.
S.J.R into a shield (S J Rose & Son [ B ][L ] ) 20th c.
S J S into three lozenges (S J Shrubsole [L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
SL (Simon Levy [ EX ] ) 19th c./1st half
S.L into a shield (Sydney Latimer [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
S.L.B (Samuel Le Bas [ D ]) 19th c./2nd half-20th c./1st half
S.L over &Co into a shield (S Lynnie & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
S Ld or S.Ld into two conjoined circles (William Suckling Ltd [ B ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
SM (Samuel Meriton [L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
SM (Silverware Manufacturers Ltd [L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
SM&Co (Sampson Mordan & Co [ L ]) end 19th c/20th c./1st half
S.M & Co over Ld into a shield (Sampson Mordan & Co Ltd [ C ][ L ][ S ] ) end 19th c. - 20th c./1st half
S M & Co into three circles (Sampson Mordan & Co Ltd [ C ][ L ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
S over McL into a triangle (Samuel McLardy & CO [ B ][ C ]) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
S.M over & Co into a rectangle (Sampson Mordan & Co [ L ][ S ]) 20th c./1st half
SMCo into a lozenge (Souvenir Manufacturing Co Ltd [B][C]) 20th c./1st half
S.M.L into a rectangle (Samuel M Levi [B] [C]) 20th c./1st half
SML Ltd into a rectangle (Samuel M Levi Ltd (possibly) [B]) 20th c./1st half
SN into a rectangle (Samuel Neville [ D ]) end 18th c./beginning 19th c.
SN without contour (Sebastian Notton [B][C][L]) end 19th c.
SN under D into a clover or a trefoil (Sharman D Neill [ C ][ D ][ L ]) 20th c./1st half
S 'n over c' (not identified [L]) 1979
SP into a lozenge (Sarah Parr [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half

SP into an oval (Samuel Pemberton [ B ] ) end 18th c./beginning 19th c.
S.P (Sydenham William Peppin [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
S.P into an oval (Samuel Pemberton [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
S.P into a rectangle (Susanna Peppin [ L ] ) entered 1835
SP over &Co (Spooner, Painter & Co [ B ]) 19th c./1st half
S over P O into a trefoil (S P Ora & Co -Stephanus Paul Ora- [ B ] ) 1926
SR (Samuel Roby [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SR (Solomon Royes [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
SR& Co (S Roberts & Co [ S] )
S.R over C.B into a square (Samuel Roberts & Charles Belk - Roberts & Belk [ B ][ L ][ S ]) 19th c.
SR over IED into a square (Solomon Royes & John East Dix [ L ]) entered 1818
SR over GC aside & Co (Samuel Roberts Jr, George Cadman & Co [ S ] ) entered 1786
SS (Goldsmiths Alliance Ltd -Samuel Smily- [ L ] ) entered 1865
S.S into an oval (Stephen Smith [ L ] ) entered 1865
SS &Co (Saunders & Shepherd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
S.S.D over E.D into a shield (Drew & Sons -Samuel Summers Drew & Ernest Drew- [ L ] ) end 19th c./beginn. 20th c.
S S over Ltd into a trefoil (Sterling Silverware Ltd [S] ) 20th c./2nd half



SSM (not identified [ B ]) 1936
S.S over W.N into a quatrefoil (Stephen Smith & William Nicholson [ L ] ) entered 1850
S.S over W.N into a square (Stephen Smith & William Nicholson [ L ] ) entered 1850
St into an oval indented contour (Thomas Stackhouse [ L ]) entered 1715
ST in script into a heart (Samuel Taylor [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
ST over H & T (Smith, Tate, Hoult & Tate [ S] ) 19th c./1st half
ST over N & H (Smith, Tate & Co [ S] ) 19th c./1st half
S.T.O into a chamfered rectangle (Sidney Thomas Oldridge -Grey & Co-[ L ]) entered 1887
SW (Edward Sweet [ EX ] ) 18th c./1st half
SW (Samuel Welder [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SW (Starling Wilford [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
SW (Samuel Wheatley [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
SW into a chamfered rectangle (Samuel Whithford II or Samuel Wheatley [ L ]) entered 1800
SW into a rectangle (Samuel Weir - possibly- [ E ]) mid 19th c.
SW (Samuel Whitford [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half
SW (not identified [ L ]) 1988
S.W in script (Samuel Wood [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
S.W into an oval (Samuel Wood [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
S.W (Samuel Wood [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
sWco (Worcester Silver Co Inc [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
S.W.G &Co (S W Goode & Co [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
S over W.H (William Henry Skinner [ L ] ) end 19th c.
SWS into a shield (Samuel Walton Smith [ B ][ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
SWS over & Co into a shield (S W Smith & Co [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
Sy under a bird over a fleur de lys (Richard Syng [ L ]) entered 1697
S.Z. (Sigmund Zyto [ L ]) 20th c./1st half




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The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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