HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: HC - HE
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
HC into a rectangle mark, Henry Chawner, London 1789
HC into a rectangle
Henry Chawner
London 1789 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
HC into an oval mark, Henry Chawner, London 1792
HC into an oval
Henry Chawner
London 1792 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ...
MORE....
HC into a wavy shape mark, not identified, Sheffield 2003
HC into a wavy shape
not identified
Sheffield 2003 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
HC in script into a shield mark, Harold Child, London 1900
HC in script into a shield
Harold Child
entered 1899
London 1900 hallmark
H.C&S into an oblong rectangle mark, not identified, Birmingham 1970
H.C&S into an oblong rectangle
not identified
Birmingham 1970 hallmark
H.C.A. mark, not identified, Birmingham 1985
H.C.A.
not identified
Birmingham 1985 hallmark
HCD mark, Henry Clifford Davis, Birmingham 1904
HCD
Henry Clifford Davis
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
HCD into three conjoined circles  mark, H Clifford Davis Ltd , Birmingham 1960
HCD into three conjoined circles
H Clifford Davis Ltd
Birmingham 1960 hallmark
H.C.D mark, Henry Clifford Davis , Birmingham 1912 H.C.D mark, Henry Clifford Davis , Birmingham 1912
H.C.D
Henry Clifford Davis
Birmingham 1912 hallmark
H.C.F  mark, Henry Charles Freeman, Birmingham 1902
H.C.F
Henry Charles Freeman
Hatton Garden, London
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
HCF Ld  mark, H C Freeman Ltd , Birmingham 1930
HCF Ld
H C Freeman Ltd
Birmingham 1930 hallmark
HC over IE into an oval mark, Henry Chawner & John Emes, London 1796
HC over IE into an oval
Henry Chawner & John Emes
London 1796 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
HE in script into a shield mark, Harry Emanuel -trading as Emanuel Bros-, London 1858
HE in script into a shield
Harry Emanuel -trading as Emanuel Bros-
London 1858 hallmark
HE over &  Co into a quatrefoil mark, Hawksworth, Eyre & Co -Charles Hawksworth & John Eyre-, Sheffield 1850 c.
HE over & Co into a quatrefoil
Hawksworth, Eyre & Co -Charles Hawksworth & John Eyre-
Sheffield 1850 c. hallmark
Founded in 1833 by Charles Hawksworth and John Eyre as successors of Blagden, Hodgson & Co. The partnership was dissolved in 1869 and the business was continued by James Kebberling Bembridge, Thomas Hall and George Woofhouse. In the 1870s the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd. The firm went into liquidation in the 1930s.
H.E & Co over Ld into a shield mark, Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd, London 1926
H.E &Co over Ld into a shield
Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd
London 1926 hallmark
HEB over FEB into a shield mark, Barker Bros (Herbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker), Sheffield 1925 HEB over FEB into a shield mark, Barker Bros (Erbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker), Chester 1921
HEB over FEB into a shield
Barker Bros (Herbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker)
Sheffield 1925 hallmark


Chester 1921 hallmark
Founded in Birmingham by Mary Barker in 1801. The business was continued by her son William in partnership with Creed as Barker & Creed and after the dissolution of the partnership between Thomas and Matthias Barker the firm traded from 1885 under the style Barker Brothers. The firm was converted in 1907 into a limited liability company under the style Barker Brothers Silversmiths Ltd. In 1921 the firm was amalgamated with Levi & Salaman and in the 1930s acquired Ellis & Co (Birmingham) Ltd. Later the name of the firm was changed to Barker Ellis Silver Co Ltd.
HEI into an oval mark, Horsham Evening Institute, London 1984
HEI into an oval
Horsham Evening Institute
London 1984 hallmark
H E in script over Ld  mark, Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd , Sheffield 1901
H E in script over Ld
Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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