HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: WH - WL
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
WH into a rectangle mark, William Hall, London 1806
WH into a rectangle
William Hall (possibly)
entered 1795
London 1806
AH in script  mark, Alexander Henderson, Edinburgh 1816
William Hannay (possibly), Edinburgh 1808
WH
William Hannay (possibly)
Edinburgh 1816 hallmark
with AH mark of Alexander Henderson



Edinburgh 1812 hallmark
WH  mark, Wang Hing & Company, HONG KONG c. 1815 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium
WH
Wang Hing & Company
Queen Road Works
HONG KONG c. 1815 hallmark
WH  mark, William Hope, Exeter 1824
WH
William Hope
Exeter 1824 hallmark
WH into a chamfered rectangle mark, William Hunter, London 1861
WH into a chamfered rectangle
William Hunter,
London 1861 hallmark
WH into an oval mark, William Horton, London 1850
WH into an oval
William Horton,
London 1850 hallmark
WH into two conjoined circles mark, Walter Hands - possibly, Chester 1886
WH into two conjoined circles
Walter Hands - possibly ,
Chester 1886 hallmark
W.H into an ovalmark, W M Hayes , Birmingham 1905 W.H into an ovalmark, W M Hayes , Birmingham 1905
W.H into an oval
W M Hayes ,
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
W.H into a half oval mark, William Harrison , Birmingham 1908
W.H into a half oval
William Harrison ,
Active in London: various Harrison's marks in Chester Assay Office were registered by Imperial Tobacco Co between 1907 and 1916.
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Birmingham 1908 hallmark
W.H without frame mark, William Harrison, Chester 1922
W.H without frame
William Harrison
Chester 1922 hallmark
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
W.H into two conjoined circles mark, William Harris -possibly-, Birmingham 1897
W.H into two conjoined circles
William Harris -possibly-,
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
WHC into an oval mark, W.H. Carrington & Co, Birmingham
WHC into an oval
W.H. Carrington & Co
53 Thomas Street, Manchester. This firm registered a mark in Chester in 1888 c. and in Birmingham Assay Office on April 24, 1891. The firm was classified by Chester Assay Office as "Tabacconist and fancy goods dealers". See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Birmingham date not identified hallmark
WHD into a shield  mark, W H Darby & Sons Ltd , Birmingham 1964
WHD into a shield
W H Darby & Sons Ltd
Birmingham 1964 hallmark
W.H.C  without outline mark, W H Collins & Co , Glasgow 1930 W.H.C  without outline mark, W H Collins & Co , Glasgow 1930
W.H.C without contour
W H Collins & Co

Excelda Works, Handsworth, Birmingham
Glasgow 1930 hallmark


Birmingham 1936 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W HE O into a rectangle mark, not identified, London 1831
W HE O into a rectangle
not identified
London 1831 hallmark
WHH mark, William Hair Haseler, Birmingham 1914
WHH
William Hair Haseler
Birmingham 1914 hallmark
W.H.H mark, W H Haseler Ltd , Birmingham 1907
W.H.H
W H Haseler Ltd
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
WH and JWH double mark, William Henderson and James W. Howden, Edinburgh 1820
WH and JWH (double mark)
William Henderson and James W. Howden,
Edinburgh 1820 hallmark
WHL mark, not identified, Exeter 1836
WHL
not identified,
Exeter 1836 hallmark
W.H.L  mark, William Henry Leather, Birmingham  1904 - courtesy Johnboy Antique Emporium
W.H.L
William Henry Leather,
11 Pitsford Street, Birmingham. Mark entered 1904
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
W.H.M into an oblong rectangle mark, W H Manton Ltd, Birmingham  1960
W.H.M into an oblong rectangle
W H Manton Ltd,
entered 1956
Birmingham 1960 hallmark
WHS into a six sides polygon mark, (William Henry Sparrow- H Williamson Ltd , Birmingham  1904
W.H.S into a six sides polygon
William Henry Sparrow- H Williamson Ltd ,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
W.H.T into a rectangle mark, W.H. Twentyman, India c. 1820 mark
W.H.T into a rectangle
W.H. Twentyman,
India c. 1820 mark
W H W in three separate squares mark, W H Weston -possibly-, Birmingham  1897
W H W in three separate squares
W H Weston -possibly-,
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
WI under two stars over a fleur de lys mark, David Williaume I, London 1712
WI under two stars over a fleur de lys
David Williaume I
,
mark entered in 1697
London 1712 hallmark
WI into a rectangle mark, William Jury, London c. 1760
WI into a rectangle
William Jury,
London c. 1760 hallmark
W.I.S into three conjoined circles  mark, William John Salt , London 1880
W.I.S into three conjoined circles
William John Salt
,
mark entered in 1879
London 1880 hallmark
W.J mark, William Johnson, London 1830
W.J
William Johnson
London 1830 hallmark
WJ into a rectangle mark, William Jamieson, Edinburgh 1838  (courtesy Marc Cutcher)
WJ into a rectangle
William Jamieson
an Aberdeen silversmith
Edinburgh 1838 hallmark
WJ&S into a chamfered rectangle  mark, W Jackson & Son, London 1906
WJ&S into a chamfered rectangle
W Jackson & Son
London 1906 hallmark
W.J.D into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, William James Dingley, Birmingham 1902 W.J.D into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, William James Dingley, Birmingham 1902 W.J.D into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, William James Dingley, Birmingham 1915
W.J.D into an oblong chamfered rectangle
William James Dingley
Warstone Lane, Birmingham
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
Birmingham 1915 hallmark
W.J.H mark, William James Holmes , Birmingham 1929
W.J.H
William James Holmes
,
Birmingham 1929 hallmark
WJ over B over MS over RD into a shield mark, Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard & Robert Dubock, London 1899
WJ over B over MS over RD into a shield
Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard & Robert Dubock
London 1899 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
WJ over B over MS into a shield mark, Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard, London 1899
WJ over B over MS over RD into a shield
Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard
London 1908 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
WJM over & Co into a shield mark, W J Myatt & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1911
WJM over &Co into a shield
W J Myatt & Co Ltd
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
WK mark, William Knight II or William King, London 1839
WK
William Knight II or William King,
London 1839 hallmark
W.K & Co into an oval mark, not identified, Birmingham 1932
W.K & Co into an oval
not identified,
Birmingham 1932 hallmark
W.K.R into two circles mark, William Ker Reid, London 1853
W.K.R into two circles
William Ker Reid,
business established in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1788 by Christian Ker Reid. Reid & Sons was converted into a limited liability company in 1930 under the style Reid & Sons Ltd.
London 1853 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W.L into an oval mark, W Leuchars, London 1877
W.L into an oval
W Leuchars ,
London 1877 hallmark
W.L & Co  mark, William Lock & Co , Birmingham 1900, image courtesy Robert Massart
W.L & Co
William Lock & Co,
the mark 'W.L in a rectangle' was registered in October 1881. He changed the sponsor's mark to the W.L & Co initials in July 1893. Director names added at this time were Mr James Golbourne and Henry Loveridge. Latest records are for the early 1920's. Registered as Wholesale Jewellers, address was 176 Hockley Hill, Birmingham.
Birmingham 1900 hallmark
WL over CL over WL mark, Lister & Sons, Newcastle 1846- courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium
WL over CL over WL
Lister & Sons
Newcastle 1846 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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