HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - LIST OF SILVERSMITHS
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF NAMES
THE DIRECTORY NAMES
- R -
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE

SILVERSMITH'S NAME
                - R -

W & F RABONE - Walter Hayes Rabone & Frank Rabone [ B ][ C ]
RAENO SILVER PLATE Co Ltd [ B ]
Omar RAMSDEN [ L ]
Omar RAMSDEN & Alwyn CARR [ L ]
Arthur James RAMSAY [ L ]
Edward RAMSEY [ EX ]
RATTRAY & Co [ B ]
George D RATTRAY [ G ]
Charles RAWLINGS [ L ]
Charles RAWLINGS & William SUMMERS [L]
John Henry RAWLINGS [ L ]
William RAWLINGS SOBEY [ EX ]
William RAWLINGS SOBEY [ EX ]
Joseph Henry RAYMOND [ L ]
Louis RAYNOR Ltd [ C ]
Charles REEVES -possibly- [ L ]
Thomas REEVES [ C ]
REID & Sons [ N ]
Edward Ker REID [ L ]
Thomas Arthur REID, Francis James LANGFORD& Christian Leopold REID [ L ]
REID & Sons [ L ] )
REID & Sons [ C ][ L ][ S ]
REID & Sons Ltd [ B ] [ S ]
REID & Sons -Christian Ker Reid, David Reid & Christian Bruce Reid) [ N ]
Christian Ker REID [ N ]
William Ker REID [ L ]
Joseph Craddock & William K. REID [ L ]
REIGN BEAU [ B ])
John REILY [ L ]
Mary Ann & Charles REILY [ L ]
Charles REILY & George STORER [ L ]
James RETTIE & Son [ E ]
REYNOLDS & WESTWOOD [ B ]


Ackroyd RHODES [L][S]
Manoah RHODES & Sons Ltd [L][S]
Manoah RHODES & Sons Ltd [L][S]
John RICH [ L ]
George John RICHARDS [ L ]
George John RICHARDS & Edward Charles BROWN [ L ]
Joshua RICHARDS [B][C]
RICHARDS & BROWN -Edward Charles Brown- [ L ]
RICHARDS & KNIGHT [ L ]
F C RICHARDS [ B ][ L ]
Thomas RICHARDS [ L ]
James RICHARDSON [ C ]
Richard RICHARDSON [ S ]
Joseph RIDGE [ S ]
Joseph RIDGE [ C ][ L ][ S]
John Horatio RISDON trading as Inderwick & Co [ L ]


Alexander RITCHIE [B] [C] [G]
C ROBATHAN & Son [ B ]
Charles ROBB [ E ]
ROBB & WHITTET [ E ]
John ROBERTS & Co [ S]
Thomas ROBERTS [ L ]
ROBERTS & BELK [ S ]
ROBERTS & BELK Ltd [ B ][ C ][ E ][ G ][ L ][ S ]
Samuel ROBERTS & Charles BELK [ S ]
Samuel ROBERTS & Charles Belk - Roberts & Belk [ B ][ L ][ S ]
Samuel ROBERTS Jr, George CADMAN & Co [ S ]
ROBERTS & DORE [ B ][ L ][ S ]
ROBERTS & DORE (possibly) [ L ]
Daniel ROBERTSON [ G ]
John ROBERTSON I [ N ]
John ROBERTSON I [ N ]
John ROBERTSON II & John WALTON [ N ]
Patrick ROBERTSON [ E ]
William ROBERTSON - possibly- [ L ]
Thomas ROBINS [ L ]


ROBINSON & Co Ltd [ B ][ S ]
ROBINSON, EDKINS & ASTON [ B ]
A RODEN & Son [B]
Joseph RODGERS & Sons [ S ]
Joseph RODGERS & Sons [ S ]
Nathaniel ROE [ L ]
ROLASON Brothers [ B ][ C ]
John ROSE [ B ]
S J ROSE & Son [ B ][L ]
ROSENTHAL, Jacob & Co [ L ]
Julius (Judah) ROSENTHAL & Samuel JACOB [ L ]
Robert ROSKELL, Alan Roskell & John Mortimer Hunt [ L ]
F J ROSS & Sons - Frederick J ROSS - [ C ][ L ]
James ROSS [ G ]
James ROSS [ G ]
J. ROSS [CANADA]
Thomas ROSS & Sons [ G ]
John ROUND & Son Ltd [ S ]
John ROUND & Son Ltd [ C ][ L ][ S]
ROYAL IRISH SILVER Co -possibly- [ L ]
Solomon ROYES [ L ]
Solomon ROYES & John East Dix [ L ]
Solomon Hougham, Solomon ROYES & John East Dix [ L ]
Jacob ROZENWEIG - Rosenzweig, Taitelbaum & Co [ L ]
Richard RUGG [ L ]
Phillip RUNDELL [ L ]
John RUSSELL [ G ]
Robert RUTLAND [ L ]
William RYLAND- possibly- [ B ]



HISTORY, INFORMATION AND MARKS OF FAMOUS BRITISH SILVERSMITS






|DUTY MARKS|    |LEOPARD'S HEAD|    |LONDON MARKS|    |WOMEN SILVERSMITHS|    |PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |IMPORT MARKS|    |CONTEMPORARY MARKS|    |JOURNEYMAN MARKS|    |HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS|    |OLD ADVERTISEMENTS|    |FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES|    |ARTICLES ON ENGLISH SILVER|   


The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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