HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: CB - CC
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
CB into a rectangle mark, Cornelius Bland, London 1795
CB into a rectangle
Cornelius Bland,
mark entered in 1772 and 1788
London 1795 hallmark
CB mark, Charles Boyton I, London 1820
CB
Charles Boyton I -possibly-,
London 1820 hallmark
CB into two conjoined circles mark, Charles Boyton II, London 1894
CB into two conjoined circles
Charles Boyton & Son,
London 1894 hallmark
CB into an oval mark, Charles Boyton II, London 1863
CB into an oval
Charles Boyton II,
London 1863 hallmark
CB into an oval mark, Charles Boyton & Son, London 1904
CB into an oval
Charles Boyton & Son,
London 1904 hallmark
CB mark, Charles Boyton , London 1948
CB into a rectangle
Charles Boyton III,
London 1948 hallmark
CB mark, Charles Boyton I, London 1830
C.B into a rectangle
Charles Boyton I,
London 1830 hallmark
CB over &S into a trefoil mark, Charles Boyton & Son Ltd, London 1924
CB over & over S into a trefoil
Charles Boyton & Son Ltd,
Founded in c. 1808 as Charles Boyton (until 1894). Became Charles Boyton & Son (1894-1919) and Charles Boyton & Son Ltd (1919-1933)
London 1924 hallmark

Charles Boyton & Son Ltd: history and information
CB over & S into a shield mark, Cooper Brothers & Sons, Sheffield 1954 CB over & S into a shield mark, Cooper Brothers & Sons, Sheffield 1920
CB over &S into a shield or C.B over &S into a shield
Cooper Brothers & Sons
,
The firm was founded in 1866 in Sheffield as Cooper Bros. In a directory of 1871 their address is given as 14½ High Street and they are described as manufacturers of electro-plated and nickel silver spoons and forks. By 1876 the firm was in Bridge Street and in 1885 they purchased the Arundel Street works where they remained until 1983. In 1895 the business became a limited liability company under the name of Cooper Brothers & Sons Ltd. In 1983 the business was acquired by Frank Cobb & Co. Ltd
Sheffield 1954 hallmark
Sheffield 1920 hallmark
C.Brs mark, Clifford Bros -possibly-, Birmingham 1934
C.Brs
Clifford Bros -possibly-,
Birmingham 1934 and King's Jubilee hallmark
CB over TB mark, Christopher & Thomas Wilkes Barker, London 1800
CB over TB
Christopher & Thomas Wilkes Barker,
London 1800 hallmark
CC mark, not identified, Chester 1900
CC
not identified,
Chester 1900 hallmark
C.C mark, Charles Chesterman II , London 1786
C.C
Charles Chesterman II,
London 1786 hallmark
C.C into an oval mark, Charles Cooke, London 1887 C.C into an oval mark, Charles Cooke, London 1887
C.C into an oval
Charles Cooke,
watch and case maker at 32 Thomas Street, Coventry
entered 1872
London 1887 hallmark
C.C mark, Colen Hewer Cheshire, Birmingham 1892 C.C mark, Colen Hewer Cheshire, Chester 1903
C.C
Colen Hewer Cheshire,
Northampton Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1892 hallmark (entered 1867)



Chester 1903 hallmark (entered 1894)
CCP into a quatrefoil  mark, Sibray, Hall & Co -Charles Clement Pilling- , London 1910
CCP into a quatrefoil
Sibray, Hall & Co -Charles Clement Pilling- ,
London 1910 hallmark
St Mary's Road, Sheffield
SIBRAY, HALL & Co: HISTORY AND INFORMATION
C.C.P into a quatrefoil  mark, Sibray, Hall & Co -Charles Clement Pilling- , London 1908
C.C.P into a quatrefoil
Sibray, Hall & Co -Charles Clement Pilling- ,
London 1908 hallmark
St Mary's Road, Sheffield
SIBRAY, HALL & Co: HISTORY AND INFORMATION
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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