ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
JJ - JP

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



JJ and English pseudo hallmarks (Jacob Josephson [AUSTRALIA]) 1820 c.
J.J (Jay, Richard Attenborough & Co -James Charles Jay- (possibly) [C]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
J.J.J.W. into a chamfered rectangle (James Johnson & John Walker [L]) entered 1872
JJV in script and English pseudo-hallmarks (Jacobus Johannes Vos [CAPE]) 1860 c.
JK in script (John Kinselagh [Cork]) beginning 19th c.
J.K into a quatrefoil (John Kilpatrick [L]) 19th c./2nd half
J.K.B (Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd -James Kebberling Bembridge- [S]) end 19th c.
J.L in script (John Lampfert [L]) 18th c./2nd half
J.L into a chamfered rectangle (John Lawrence - possibly- [B]) 19th c./1st half
J.L (John Linegar [B]) 19th c./2nd half
JL (John Linnit [L]) 19th c./1st half



JL into a chamfered rectangle (John Lewis Partnership [B]) 20th c./2nd half
JLG into three conjoined circles (Jean Le Gallais JERSEY [L]) mid 19th c.
J over LG into a trefoil (Jean Le Gallais -Jersey maker- [L]) mid 19th c.
J.L over J.G in script into a square (John Langlands I & John Goodrick [N]) mid 18th c.
J.M into a rectangle (John Meek [L]) entered 1821
J.M into a serrate rectangle (James Moore [D]) 19th c./1st half
J.M (John Mitchell [G]) 19th c./1st half
J.M into a rectangle (not identified [D]) 1952
J.M thistle and key (John Mast [CALCUTTA - INDIA]) 19th c./1st half
JM&Co (Johnson Matthey & Co [L]) mid 20th c.
J.M-A (not identified) Birmingham 1972
JMc (James McKay [ E ] ) 19th c.
J.M over & over E.M into a quatrefoil (James Moore & Edward Murray [ D ] ) 19th c./1st half
J.M.B (John Millward Banks [ B ][ C ][ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half

J.M.Jr into a rectangle (John Muir, Jr or John Murray [ G ] ) 19th c./1st half
JML (Joseph M Latimer [ N ] ) 19th c./1st half
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks (Johannes Martinus Lotter [CAPE] ) 1850 c.
J.M.S (J Muirhead & Sons [ G ] ) 19th c./2nd half
JM over WM (John Mitchell and William Mitchell (possibly) [G] ) 19th c./1st half
JN (James Nasmyth [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half.
JN (John Nowell [S] ) 19th c.
JN in script (John Meek [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half.
JN &Co (James Nasmyth & Co [ E ] ) mid 19th c.
J.N &S (JJ Nowill & Sons [ S ] ) 19th c./1st half
J.N (James Nasmyth [ E ] ) 19th c.



J.N.M into shields of varied shape (John Newton Mappin [ C ][ L ][ S ]) 19th c./2nd half
JNM over GW (Mappin & Webb -John Newton Mappin & George Webb- [L]) 19th c./2nd half
JO in script (John Osborne [ D ] ) end 18th c.
JO (John Osment [ EX ] ) 19th c./1st half.
JO in script (James Orr [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half.
JP in script (John Payne [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
JP (John Power [ D ] ) end 18th c./beginning 19th c.
JP (John Power or John Powell [ D ] ) 19th c./1st half
JP (Joseph Price [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
JP into a shield (John Pinder & Co -subsequently James Pinder & Co- [ S ]) end 19th c.
JP into an octagon (not identified) Birmingham 1908
JP into a chamfered square (John Pinches Ltd [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
JP into a circle or an oval (John Pinches Ltd [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
J.P (James Payne [ L ])19th c./1st half
J.P into a rectangle (chamfered) (John Pittar [ D ] ) end 18th c./beginning 19th c.
JP &Co (John Pound & Co [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J star P over & Co (J Parkes & Co [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
JP over FP into a square (Pairpoint Bros -John & Frank Pairpoint- [ L ] ) end 19th c/beginning 20th c. JPC (John Paul Cooper [ L ] )




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The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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