HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: I& - IG
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
I & IW over & Co mark, Waterhouse, Hodgson & Co, Sheffield 1822-1828
I & IW over & Co
Waterhouse, Hodgson & Co ,
Sheffield 1822-1828 hallmark
I&T.S. mark, John & Thomas Settle, Sheffield 1824 I&T.S. mark, John & Thomas Settle, Sheffield 1824
I&T.S.
John & Thomas Settle,
entered 1815
Sheffield 1824 hallmark


Sheffield 1824 hallmark (double date letter)
IAS over McKAY into a circle mark, IAS McKAY, Edinburgh 1810
IAS over McKAY into a circle
IAS McKay,
apprentice of Alexander Gardner in 1783. Freeman in 1793.
Held as apprentice William Beattie (freeman in 1840)
Edinburgh 1810 hallmark
IB mark, John Bettridge, Birmingham 1830 IB mark, John Bettridge, Birmingham 1830
IB
John Bettridge,
Birmingham 1830 hallmark
IB mark, James Beattie 1790 or John Boyer 1794 or Joseph Barnard 1798 or  John Blake 1803 or John Bunn 1806 or John Blades 1812 or John Brent 1820 or John Blades 1827 , London 1806
IB
James Beattie 1790 or John Boyer 1794 or Joseph Barnard 1798 or John Blake 1803 or John Bunn 1806 or John Blades 1812 or John Brent 1820 or John Blades 1827 ,
London 1806 hallmark
I.B into a rectangle mark, J. Berenger, London 1799
I.B into a rectangle
J. Berenger,
entered 1798
London 1799 hallmark
I.B into a rectangle mark, James Barratt, London 1810
I.B into a rectangle
James Barratt,
London 1810 hallmark
I BELL into a rectangle mark, Joseph Bell II, London 1758
I BELL into a rectanglee
Joseph Bell II,
London 1758 hallmark
IC into an oval mark, Joseph Cullen, Dublin 1764
IC into an oval
Joseph Cullen,
Dublin 1764 hallmark
IC under a two handled cup mark, James Crawford, Newcastle 1772
IC under a two handled cup
James Crawford ,
Newcastle 1772 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
IC mark, Johannes Combrink, Cape Colony 1820 c.
IC between two ladders and two shells
Johannes Combrink,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Jan (Johannes) Combrink and Johanna Elizabeth Essler, baptized at the Cape on 3 June 1781. Married Aurelia Wilhelmina Lotter (1807). Died 9 November 1853. His son was silversmith/jeweller Johannes Combrink (baptized 1810, dead in 1873).
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
IC mark, Joseph Craddock, London 1826
IC
Joseph Craddock,
London 1826 hallmark
I:C in script into a trefoil mark, Isaac Cookson, Newcastle 1738
I:C in script into a trefoil
Isaac Cookson,
Newcastle 1738 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
I:C under a rosette into a trefoil mark, John Cafe, London 1744 I:C under a rosette into a trefoil mark, John Cafe, London 1744
I:C under a rosette into a trefoill
John Cafe,
entered 1742
London 1744 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
I.C into rectangle mark, John Cramer, London 1810
I.C into rectangle
John Cramer,
mark entered 1797
London 1810 hallmark
I.C over T.H into an indented square mark, John Crouch I & Thomas Hannam, London 1789
I.C over T.H into an indented square
John Crouch I & Thomas Hannam,
mark entered c. 1771
London 1789 hallmark
IC over WR into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph Craddock & William K. Reid, London 1820
IC over WR into a quatrefoil
Joseph Craddock & William K. Reid,
mark entered 1812
London 1820 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk


REID & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
ID in script mark, Jabez Daniel, London 1756
ID in script
Jabez Daniel,
London 1756 hallmark
I blossom D mark, John Delmester or Dempster , London 1762 I blossom D mark, John Delmester or Dempster , London 1760
I blossom D
John Delmester or Dempster,
London 1762 and 1760 hallmark
I.E into a rectangle mark, John Edwards III, London 1802
I.E into a rectangle
John Edwards III,
For a short time (1791) was in partnership with William Frisbee. Mark entered in 1788
London 1802 hallmark
IE mark, James England, Dublin 1820
IE
James England,
Dublin 1820 hallmark
IE over &S into a shield mark, Isaac Ellis & Sons, Sheffield 1899
IE over &S into a shield
Isaac Ellis & Sons,
Primus Works, Bridge Street, Sheffield
entered 1897
Sheffield 1899 hallmark
IET mark, John Edward Terrey, London 1829
IET
John Edward Terrey & Co ,
London 1829 hallmark
IF mark, James Fray, Dublin 1818
IF
James Fray ,
Dublin 1818 hallmark
I F into two conjoined circles  mark, John Wilmin Figg, London 1849
I F into two conjoined circles
John Wilmin Figg ,
London 1849 hallmark
I.F & SON over LTD into an oval  mark, Israel Freeman & Son Ltd, London 1984
IF &SON over LTD into an oval
Israel Freeman & Son Ltd,
London 1984 hallmark
I.G into a heart mark, IJohn Gamon, London 1730
I.G into a heart
John Gamon,
entered 1727
London 1730 hallmark
IG into an indented contour mark, James Gilsland, Edinburgh 1786
IG into an indented contour
James Gilsland,
Edinburgh 1786 hallmark
I.G inside a rectangle mark, John Gorham or Jeffrey Griffith, London 1732
I.G inside a rectangle
John Gorham or Jeffrey Griffith,
London 1732 hallmark
IG in script under a crown mark, R & S Garrard & Co -James Garrard-, London 1884
IG in script under a crown
R & S Garrard & Co -James Garrard-,
London 1884 hallmark
A business founded by John Wickes in 1722 and still active in present days ... MORE....
IG & Co into an oblong rectangle mark, John Green Roberts Mosley & Co, Sheffield 1800
IG & Co into an oblong rectangle
John Green, Roberts, Mosley & Co,
Market Place, Sheffield. Mark entered 1793
Sheffield 1800 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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