ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
JT - JZ

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 KA
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
OA 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 UA
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 ZA
 ZZ
.
.

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



JT into a rectangle (John Tongue [ B ] ) mid 19th c.
JT in script with a cup (John Tuite [ C ] ) early 18th c.
JT and English pseudo-hallmarks (John Townsend [CAPE] ) 1830 c.
J.T (John Townsend [ C ] ) 19th c./1st half
J.T (John Townsend [D] ) 19th c./1st half
J.T into a rectangle (John Tongue [ B ][ L ] ) mid 19th c.
J.T over &Co into a shield (John Turton & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half.



J.T & Co (John Turton & Co [S] ) 20th c./2nd half
J.T & S (John Thompson & Sons [S] ) end 19th/20th c./1st half
J.T.D into a lozenge (J T Deeley [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
JTH over JHM into a quatrefoil (John Thomas Heath & John Hartshorne Middleton of Hukin & Heath [ B ][ L ] ) end 19th/beg. 20th c.
JTW into an oval (James Thomas White [ C ] [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half
J.U&S into an oblong chamfered rectangle (James Usher & Sons [ C ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.V (James Vickery [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half
J.V (Cornelius Joshua Vander [ L ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
JV over JH (Vander & Hedges -John Gotlieu Vander & John Hedges- [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half.




J star W in script (James Williams [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half.
JW (John West [ C ] ) beginning 19th c.
JW in script of various shapes (John James Whiting [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
JW into an indented oval (Joseph Willmore [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
JW into two squares (J Walker [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
JW (James Wright [ E ] ) 19th c./2nd half.
JW (John Williamson [ E ] ) 19th c./2nd half.
JW into two conjoined circles (Josiah Williams [ EX ] ) 19th c./2nd half
JW into two circles (J. Wilmot [ B ]) end 19th/beg. 20th c.
JW into an oval (James Wintle [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half



J.W (Joseph Whalley [ C ] ) 18th c./2nd half
J.W into an oval (Joseph Willmore [ B ] ) end 18th c./19th c./1st half
J.W into a rectangle (James Wintle [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
J.W into a sort of conjoined circles (James Weir I [ G ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.W over & Co into a quatrefoil (Josiah Williams & Co [ EX ] ) 19th c./2nd half
JW& Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Josiah Williams & Co (possibly) [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.W over & over JW into a quatrefoil (James & Josiah Williams [ EX ] ) 19th c./2nd half
J.W&S into an oval (James Woods & Sons [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
JW&T into a lozenge (Johnson, Walker & Tolhurst [ B ][ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J over W.B over P into a crossed cartouche (William Bond & James Phipps I [ L ] ) entered 1754
J.W.B into an oval (James William Benson [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J W B into three conjoined lozenges ( W Benson Ltd [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.W over E.H into a square (John Waterhouse & Edward Hatfield & Co [ S ] ) entered 1836
J.W over F.C.W into a trefoil (James Wakely & Frank Clarke Wheeler [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.WH into a rectangle (John & William Howden [ E ]) 19th c./1st quarter
JWH over JTH into a quatrefoil (Jonathan Wilson Hukin & John Thomas Heath [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half
JW over JW into a square (James & Josiah Williams [ EX ] ) mid 19th c.
J.W. Ltd without contour (James Walker [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
JWS (John Walter Spurrier [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.W.T into three circles (J W Tiptaft & Son Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
J.Y (Yates Brothers [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
J.Y.C (John Yeomans Cowlishaw [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
JZ in script (John Zeigler [ E ]) 19th c./1st half

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The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece. The silver assay marks are:
Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


British and English silver date letters hallmarking system, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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