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HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: U& - VZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
U & H into a rectangle mark, Unite & Hilliard -George Unite & James Hilliard-, Birmingham 1829
U & H into a rectangle
Unite & Hilliard -George Unite & James Hilliard-,
Birmingham 1829 hallmark
V & J mark, Villiers & Jackson, Birmingham beginning 20th century V & J mark, Villiers & Jackson, Birmingham
V & J
Villiers & Jackson,
Birmingham beginning 20th century hallmark


Chester 1904 hallmark
V & S into a rectangle mark, Vaughton & Sons, Birmingham 1911
V & S into a rectangle
Vaughton & Sons,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
VB over & S into a shield mark, Vale Bros & Sermon , Chester 1901
VB over & S into a shield
Vale Bros & Sermon ,
Chester 1901 hallmark
V.B.V  & Co into three conjoined rectangles mark, V.B. Vickers & Co, Sheffield 1934
V.B.V & Co into three conjoined rectangles
V.B. Vickers & Co,
Sylvester Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1934 hallmark
VENNING and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark,J.H. Venning, New Brunswick 1850-1877
VENNING and English pseudo-hallmarks
J.H. Venning,
a Canada silversmith
New Brunswick 1850-1877 mark
V over JS V over JS into a trefoil mark, Veronica Jane Shaw (courtesy ASCAS), London 2004
V over JS into a trefoil
Veronica Jane Shaw,
London 2004 hallmark
V.L mark, The Goldsmiths Emporium (Victor Luxenburg), Chester 1909
V.L
The Goldsmiths Emporium (Victor Luxenburg),
Chester 1909 hallmark
VN into a triangle mark, not identified, London 1978
VN into a triangle
not identified (import mark),
London 1978 hallmark
VW without outline  mark, not identified , Birmingham 1917
VW without outline
not identified ,
Birmingham 1917 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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