HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: U& - VZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
U & H into a rectangle mark, Unite & Hilliard -George Unite & James Hilliard-, Birmingham 1829
U & H into a rectangle
Unite & Hilliard -George Unite & James Hilliard-,
Birmingham 1829 hallmark
V & J mark, Villiers & Jackson, Birmingham beginning 20th century V & J mark, Villiers & Jackson, Birmingham
V & J
Villiers & Jackson,
Birmingham beginning 20th century hallmark


Chester 1904 hallmark
V & S into a rectangle mark, Vaughton & Sons, Birmingham 1911
V & S into a rectangle
Vaughton & Sons,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
VB over & S into a shield mark, Vale Bros & Sermon , Chester 1901
VB over & S into a shield
Vale Bros & Sermon ,
Chester 1901 hallmark
V.B.V  & Co into three conjoined rectangles mark, V.B. Vickers & Co, Sheffield 1934
V.B.V & Co into three conjoined rectangles
V.B. Vickers & Co,
Sylvester Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1934 hallmark
VENNING and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark,J.H. Venning, New Brunswick 1850-1877
VENNING and English pseudo-hallmarks
J.H. Venning,
a Canada silversmith
New Brunswick 1850-1877 mark
V over JS V over JS into a trefoil mark, Veronica Jane Shaw (courtesy ASCAS), London 2004
V over JS into a trefoil
Veronica Jane Shaw,
London 2004 hallmark
V.L mark, The Goldsmiths Emporium (Victor Luxenburg), Chester 1909
V.L
The Goldsmiths Emporium (Victor Luxenburg),
Chester 1909 hallmark
VN into a triangle mark, not identified, London 1978
VN into a triangle
not identified (import mark),
London 1978 hallmark
VW without outline  mark, not identified , Birmingham 1917
VW without outline
not identified ,
Birmingham 1917 hallmark
W under a crown mark, West & Son, Dublin 1918
W under a crown
West & Son,
Dublin 1918 hallmark
W & C M mark, W & C Manton, Birmingham 1887
W & C M
W & C Manton ,
Birmingham 1887 hallmark
W 'star' 'star' & Co mark, White & Co, Birmingham 1882 W 'star' 'star' & Co mark, White & Co, Birmingham 1882
W 'star' 'star' & Co
White & Co,
7 Vyse St, Birmingham
Birmingham 1882 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W & Co into two squares and a lozenge mark, Wolfsky & Co, London 1912 W & Co into an oval mark, Wolfsky & Co, London 1923
W & Co into two squares and a lozenge
W & Co into an oval
Wolfsky & Co,
mark entered by Serle Bernard Wolfsky, partner
London 1912 hallmark
London 1923 hallmark
W & Co (S) into an oval mark, not identified, Sheffield 1928
W & Co (S) into an oval
not identified,
Sheffield 1928 hallmark
W & F R into a chamfered rectangle mark, W & F Rabone - Walter Hayes Rabone & Frank Rabone, Birmingham 1913
W & F R into a chamfered rectangle
W & F Rabone - Walter Hayes Rabone & Frank Rabone,
49 Frederick Street and 39 Albion Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1913 hallmark
W&H mark, Walker & Hall, Sheffield 1916 W&H mark, Walker & Hall, Chester 1934
W&H
Walker & Hall,
Sheffield 1916 hallmark
Chester 1934 hallmark
The business was established in Sheffield in 1845 by George Walker. Becoming an assistant of Dr. John Wright who had conducted important experiments on electroplating Walker secured the royalty of electroplating for Sheffield. The business was joined by Henry Hall and became in 1853 Walker & Hall. The factory was at Howard Street, Sheffield, while showrooms were opened in 45 Holbornn Viaduct, London. Branches were opened in Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Newcastle, Cardiff, Belfast, Hull, Bristol, Melbourne and Adelaide (Australia), Cape Town (South Africa). Walker & Hall was converted into a limited liability company in 1920 under the style Walker & Hall Ltd and combined in 1963 under the British Silverware Ltd with Mappin & Webb and Elkington & Co.
W&H into a flag mark, Walker & Hall, Sheffield 1901 W&H into a flag mark, Walker & Hall, Chester 1907
W&H into a flag
Walker & Hall
,
Howard Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1901 hallmark


Chester 1907 hallmark
W & K into an oblong rectangle mark, Wardell & Kempson, Birmingham 1825
W &K into an oblong rectangle
Wardell & Kempson
Birmingham 1825 hallmark
W & S mark, Wilson & Sharp, Edinburgh 1895 W & S mark, Wilson & Sharp, Glasgow 1865
W & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Wilson & Sharp
,
Edinburgh 1895 hallmark


Glasgow 1865 hallmark
W&S in a clover mark, West & Son, Dublin 1954
W&S in a clover
West & Son,
Dublin 1954 hallmark
W.A mark, William Adams Ltd,  Birmingham 1908 W.A mark, William Adams Ltd,  Birmingham 1940
W.A into a rectangle or a chamfered rectangle
William Adams Ltd,

Birmingham 1908 hallmark entered 1901


Birmingham 1940 hallmark entered 1910
W.A into two conjoined circles mark, William Aitken, Chester 1895
W.A into two conjoined circles
William Aitken,
Vyse Street, Birmingham
Chester 1895 hallmark
W.A into an oval mark, William Aitken, Birmingham 1910 W.A into an oval mark, William Aitken, Chester c. 1900 W.A into an oval mark, William Aitken, Chester c. 1900
W.A into an oval
William Aitken
,
Vyse Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1910 hallmark



Chester c. 1900 hallmark
W.A into a rectangle mark, William Aitken, Birmingham 1970
W.A into a rectangle
not identified
Birmingham 1970 hallmark
W.A.H into a rectangle mark, W.A. Humphries Ltd -Walter Albert Humphries-, Chester 1895
W.A.H into a rectangle
W.A. Humphries Ltd -Walter Albert Humphries-,
Hockley Hill and 65 Hunters Vale, Birmingham
Birmingham 1973 hallmark (note the special mark used for the bi-centenary of Birmingham Assay Office)
WB into a rectangle mark, William Bennett, London 1796
WB into a rectangle
William Bennett,
entered 1796
London 1796 hallmark
WB into an oval cartouche mark, William Barrott, London 1819
WB into an oval cartouche
William Barrott,
entered 1807
London 1819 hallmark
WB mark, Birmingham 1809 WB mark, William Boot (attributed), Birmingham 1809
WB
William Boot (attributed),
Birmingham 1809 hallmark
W*B into an oval cartouche mark, William Bagnall, London 1744
W*B into an oval cartouche
William Bagnall,
entered 1744
London 1744 hallmark
W.B mark, William Bateman, London 1825
W.B
William Bateman,
London 1825 hallmark
W.B mark, Walter Bird -possibly-, Glasgow 1848
W.B
Walter Bird -possibly-,
Glasgow 1848 hallmark
WB mark, William Bateman II, London 1825
WB
William Bateman II,
London 1838 hallmark
WB in script mark, William BurwashI, London 1815
WB in script
William Burwash,
London 1815 hallmark
WB mark, William Barrett II, London 1818
WB in Italic characters into a chamfered rectangle
William Barrett II,
London 1818 hallmark
WB mark, William Barrett II, London 1830
WB into a chamfered rectangle
William Barrett II,
London 1830 hallmark
WB & Co mark, William Briggs & Co, Birmingham 1904
WB & Co
William Briggs & Co,
Andrew Street, Wicker, Sheffield
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
W.B mark, Walter Brind, London 1792
W.B
Walter Brind,
London 1792 hallmark
WB over DB into a quatrefoil mark, William Bateman &  Daniel Ball, London 1842
WB over DB into a quatrefoil
William Bateman II & Daniel Ball,
London 1842 hallmark
wBj into a shield mark, Walter & John Barnard , London 1879
wBj into a shield
Walter & John Barnard ,
London 1879 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
W.B over Ld into a heart mark, Williams (Birmingham) Ltd, Birmingham 1905
W.B over Ld into a heart
Williams (Birmingham) Ltd,
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
WB over Ld into a heart mark, Williams (Birmingham) Ltd, Birmingham 1910
W.B over L.d into a heart
Williams (Birmingham) Ltd,
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
W B over Ltd over & S into a quatrefoil mark, William Bruford & Son Ltd, London 1936
W B over Ltd over & S into a quatrefoil
William Bruford & Son Ltd,
London 1936 hallmark
W.Bros mark, not identified, Sheffield 1971
W.Bros
not identified,
Sheffield 1971 hallmark
WC mark, William Cripps, London 1757
WC
William Cripps ,
London 1757 hallmark
WC into a rectangle mark, William Cunningham II - possibly-, Edinburgh 1807
WC into a rectangle
William Cunningham II - possibly-,
Edinburgh 1807 hallmark
WC mark, William Chawner II, London 1817
WC
William Chawner II ,
London 1817 hallmark
WC into a domino mark, William Cummings, Dublin 1838
WC into a "domino"
William Cummings,
Dublin 1838 hallmark
WC into two circles mark, William Carter (possibly), London 1867 WC into two circles mark, William Carter (possibly), London 1867
WC into two circles
William Carter (possibly),
listed in 1852 as a watch case maker at 7 President Street East, Goswell Road, Clerkenwell, EC. This address was subsequently changed to 35 President Street, EC where Carter is still listed in 1885. A William Carter, possibly the same individual, is listed in 1841 as a watch case maker at 22 Galway Street, Bath Street, St. Luke's.
London 1867 hallmark
WC mark, not identified, Cape Colony 1820 c.
WC between two asterisks
not identified,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
W.C mark, William Chawner II, London 1813
W.C
William Chawner II,
London 1813 hallmark
W.C mark, William Coghill, Glasgow 1862
W.C
William Coghill,
Glasgow 1862 hallmark
W.C  into a circle mark, William Richard Corke, London 1903
W.C into a circle
William Richard Corke,
The firm was founded in the late 1870s as Corke Brothers. Became Corke Brothers & Co (1899- c.1920), Corke & Apthorp (c. 1920-1938) and Corke and Apthorp Ltd in 1938 (when was amalgamated with Puddefoot, Bowers and Simonett Ltd)
London 1903 hallmark
WC mark, William Comyns & Sons Ltd, London 1905 WC mark, William Comyns & Sons Ltd, London 1905 W.C mark, William Comyns & Sons Ltd, Birmingham 1907
W.C into a four tipped oval
William Comyns & Sons Ltd ,
London 1905 hallmark




Birmingham 1907 hallmark
W.C.G mark, W C Griffiths, Birmingham 1909
W.C.G
W C Griffiths,
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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