HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: RH - RK
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
RH into an oval, Robert Hennell I, London 1783
RH into an oval
Robert Hennell I,
London 1783 hallmark
RH mark, Robert Hennell II , London 1829
RH
Robert Hennell II,
London 1829 hallmark
RH into two circles  mark, Robert Harper , London 1869
RH into two circles
Robert Harper,
London 1869 hallmark
R.H into an oval mark, Robert Hennell I, London 1788
R.H into an oval
Robert Hennell I,
London 1788 hallmark
R.H into an oval mark, Rowland Hill -possibly-, Chester 1888
R.H into an oval
Rowland Hill -possibly-,
50 Spon End, Coventry
Chester 1888 hallmark
RH and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery or Hendery & Leslie, Montreal CANADA c. 1870/1900
RH and English pseudo-hallmarks
Robert Hendery or Hendery & Leslie ,
Montreal CANADA c. 1870/1900 hallmark
R.H into a rectangle mark, Robert Hennell II -possibly-, London 1830
R.H into a rectangle
Robert Hennell II -possibly-,
London 1830 hallmark
RH mark, Robert Hennel III, London 1868
R.H
Robert Hennel III,
London 1868 hallmark
RH over DH mark, Robert Hennell and David Hennell, London 1801
RH over DH
Robert Hennell and David Hennell,
London 1801 hallmark
RH over DH over SH   mark, Robert, David & Samuel Hennell , London 1801 RH over DH over SH   mark, Robert, David & Samuel Hennell , London 1801
RH over DH over SH
Robert, David &Samuel Hennell ,
London 1801 hallmark
RHF mark, not identified, Birmingham 1999
RHF
not identified,
Birmingham 1999 hallmark
RH over S into a pentagon mark, R.Hovenden & Sons, Birmingham 1897 RH over S into a pentagon mark, R.Hovenden & Sons, Chester 1897
RH over S into a pentagon
R.Hovenden & Sons,
Robert, Albert and Charles William Hovenden were active in London.

See the section of
"TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Birmingham 1897 hallmark


Chester 1897 hallmark
RH over SH mark, , Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell, London 1809
RH over SH
Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell,
London 1809 hallmark
RHJ & S mark,  R.H. Jones & Sons, Birmingham  1937, courtesy Robert Massart
RHJ & S
R.H. Jones & Sons ,
114 Vyse Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1927 hallmark
R 'star' I into a heart mark, Robert Inglis -possibly-, Edinburgh 1705
R 'star' I into a heart
Robert Inglis -possibly-
Edinburgh 1705 hallmark
RIJ mark, Royal Irish Silver Co -possibly-, Sheffield 1973
RIJ
Royal Irish Silver Co -possibly-,
Sheffield 1973 hallmark
RJ mark, Robert Jones, York c. 1790
RJ
Robert Jones,
York c. 1790 hallmark
R.J into a rectangle and a lozenge mark, Reuben Jordan -possibly-, Chester 1914
R.J into a rectangle and a lozenge
Reuben Jordan -possibly-,
Active in London. See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Chester 1914 hallmark
R.J into a chamfered rectangle mark, Robert William Jay, London 1936
R.J into a chamfered rectangle
Robert William Jay,
London 1936 hallmark
R.J.H into an oblong rectangle mark, Robert John Harvey, London 1848
R.J.H into an oblong rectangle
Robert John Harvey,
for James Harvey & Co, a retail jewellers and silversmiths firm trading since 1720 under the style Alston & Grayhurst
London 1848 hallmark
RK into a rectangle mark, Robert Keay I or Robert Kerr -possibly-, Edinburgh 1815
RK into a rectangle
Robert Keay I or Robert Kerr -possibly-,
Edinburgh 1815 hallmark
RK into two conjoined circles mark, Rubin Koshr, London 1906
RK into two conjoined circles
Rubin Koshr,
entered 1900
London 1906 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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