HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: RH - RK
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
RH into an oval, Robert Hennell I, London 1783
RH into an oval
Robert Hennell I,
London 1783 hallmark
RH mark, Robert Hennell II , London 1829
RH
Robert Hennell II,
London 1829 hallmark
RH into two circles  mark, Robert Harper , London 1869
RH into two circles
Robert Harper,
London 1869 hallmark
R.H into an oval mark, Robert Hennell I, London 1788
R.H into an oval
Robert Hennell I,
London 1788 hallmark
R.H into an oval mark, Rowland Hill -possibly-, Chester 1888
R.H into an oval
Rowland Hill -possibly-,
50 Spon End, Coventry
Chester 1888 hallmark
RH and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery or Hendery & Leslie, Montreal CANADA c. 1870/1900
RH and English pseudo-hallmarks
Robert Hendery or Hendery & Leslie ,
Montreal CANADA c. 1870/1900 hallmark
R.H into a rectangle mark, Robert Hennell II -possibly-, London 1830
R.H into a rectangle
Robert Hennell II -possibly-,
London 1830 hallmark
RH mark, Robert Hennel III, London 1868
R.H
Robert Hennel III,
London 1868 hallmark
RH over DH mark, Robert Hennell and David Hennell, London 1801
RH over DH
Robert Hennell and David Hennell,
London 1801 hallmark
RH over DH over SH   mark, Robert, David & Samuel Hennell , London 1801 RH over DH over SH   mark, Robert, David & Samuel Hennell , London 1801
RH over DH over SH
Robert, David &Samuel Hennell ,
London 1801 hallmark
RHF mark, not identified, Birmingham 1999
RHF
not identified,
Birmingham 1999 hallmark
RH over S into a pentagon mark, R.Hovenden & Sons, Birmingham 1897 RH over S into a pentagon mark, R.Hovenden & Sons, Chester 1897
RH over S into a pentagon
R.Hovenden & Sons,
Robert, Albert and Charles William Hovenden were active in London.

See the section of
"TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Birmingham 1897 hallmark


Chester 1897 hallmark
RH over SH mark, , Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell, London 1809
RH over SH
Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell,
London 1809 hallmark
RHJ & S mark,  R.H. Jones & Sons, Birmingham  1937, courtesy Robert Massart
RHJ & S
R.H. Jones & Sons ,
114 Vyse Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1927 hallmark
R 'star' I into a heart mark, Robert Inglis -possibly-, Edinburgh 1705
R 'star' I into a heart
Robert Inglis -possibly-
Edinburgh 1705 hallmark
RIJ mark, Royal Irish Silver Co -possibly-, Sheffield 1973
RIJ
Royal Irish Silver Co -possibly-,
Sheffield 1973 hallmark
RJ mark, Robert Jones, York c. 1790
RJ
Robert Jones,
York c. 1790 hallmark
R.J into a rectangle and a lozenge mark, Reuben Jordan -possibly-, Chester 1914
R.J into a rectangle and a lozenge
Reuben Jordan -possibly-,
Active in London. See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Chester 1914 hallmark
R.J into a chamfered rectangle mark, Robert William Jay, London 1936
R.J into a chamfered rectangle
Robert William Jay,
London 1936 hallmark
R.J.H into an oblong rectangle mark, Robert John Harvey, London 1848
R.J.H into an oblong rectangle
Robert John Harvey,
for James Harvey & Co, a retail jewellers and silversmiths firm trading since 1720 under the style Alston & Grayhurst
London 1848 hallmark
RK into a rectangle mark, Robert Keay I or Robert Kerr -possibly-, Edinburgh 1815
RK into a rectangle
Robert Keay I or Robert Kerr -possibly-,
Edinburgh 1815 hallmark
RK into two conjoined circles mark, Rubin Koshr, London 1906
RK into two conjoined circles
Rubin Koshr,
entered 1900
London 1906 hallmark
RL into two conjoined circles mark, R. Lindsay, Sheffield 1904
RL into two conjoined circles
R. Lindsay,
an Oban silversmith
Sheffield 1904 hallmark
RL & Co mark,  R.Landstone & Co,  London 1904
RL & Co into two circles
R.Landstone & Co
London 1904 hallmark
RM into a rectangle mark, Richard Morton, Sheffield 1802
RM into a rectangle
Richard Morton
Fargate - entered 1773
Sheffield 1802 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
R.M into a rectangle mark, Robert Makepeace I, Newcastle 1753
R.M into a rectangle
Robert Makepeace I
The Side, Newcastle
Newcastle 1753 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
R.McD & Co mark, not identified, Sheffield 1933
R.McD & Co
not identified,
Sheffield 1933 hallmark
RM over EH into a lozenge  mark, Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co-, Sheffield 1905 RM over EH into a lozenge  mark, Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co-, London 1883
RM over EH into a lozenge
Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co- ,
The origin of the firm in the partnership established in 1820 in Sheffield by Henry Wilkinson and John Roberts who traded as Wilkinson & Roberts.The firm's cronology is: John Roberts (1836), Roberts & Hall ( 1846), Martin Hall & Co (1854), Martin Hall & Co Ltd (1866-1936). Martin Hall & Co was one of the best known British manufacturers and partecipated to many international exhibitions including the Crystal Palace 1851 Great Exhibition. They had also a line of production in electroplate and in a patented white metal called "Martinoid"
Sheffield 1905 hallmark
London 1883 hallmark
RM over EH into a quatrefoil mark, Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co-, Sheffield 1866 RM over EH into a quatrefoil mark, Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co-, London 1876
RM over EH into a quatrefoil
Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co- ,
Broad Street Park, Sheffield
Sheffield 1866 hallmark


London 1876 hallmark
RMM & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, R M Marples & Son, London 1904
RMM & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle
R M Marples & Son,
an Oban silversmith
London 1904 hallmark
R.M.W mark, Richard M Whitehouse , London 1981
R.M.W
Richard M Whitehouse,
London 1981 hallmark
Rn &  Cr into an oval mark, Omar Ramsden &  Alwyn Carr , London 1914
Rn & Cr into an oval
Omar Ramsden & Alwyn Carr ,
London 1914 hallmark
Omar Ramsden (born Sheffield, 21 Aug 1873; died London, 9 Aug 1939). The son of a silver and electroplate manufacturer, he was apprenticed to a company of silversmiths and attended evening classes at Sheffield School of Art and later at the Royal College of Art in London. In 1898 Ramsden set up a partnership with Alwyn Carr in London to produce 'fine art' silver. They exploited the fashionable taste for handmade silver of the Arts and Crafts Movement and, with the help of skilled artisans, made articles adapted from Gothic and Renaissance designs with Celtic-style inscriptions, which became their trademark.
R.N.H.&Co  mark, R N Hollings &Co, Birmingham 1945
R.N.H.&Co
R N Hollings & Co,
Birmingham 1945 hallmark
RNS into a chamfered rectangle mark, not identified, London 1984
RNS into a chamfered rectangle
not identified ,
London 1984 hallmark
RO under a deer  into a notched rectangle mark, Nathaniel Roe, London 1716 RO under a deer  into a notched rectangle mark, Nathaniel Roe, London 1716
RO under a deer into a notched rectangle
Nathaniel Roe,
London 1716 hallmark
RP into a rectangle mark, not identified, Sheffield 1983
RP into a rectangle
not identified ,
Sheffield 1983 hallmark
R.P into a rectangle mark, Richard Poulden, London 1824
R.P into a rectangle
Richard Poulden,
Mark entered in 1818
London 1824 hallmark
R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, Chester 1899 R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, London 1938 R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, Sheffield 1909
R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, Birmingham 1912 R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, Birmingham 1912
R.P into a shield
Robert Pringle & Sons
The business was established in 1835 by Robert Pringle (I) who had moved to London from Perth in 1820 and passed to his son Robert Pringle (II). The firm was re-styled as Robert Pringle & Son in 1882 and in 1899 as Robert Pringle & Sons. The firm was converted into a limited liability company in 1931 under the style Robert Pringle & Sons (London) Ltd and later in Robert Pringle (Engineers) Ltd (c. 1965)
Chester 1899 hallmark

London 1938 hallmark

Sheffield 1909 hallmark

Birmingham 1912 hallmark
R fleur de lys P mark, Robert Peaston, London 1768
R fleur de lys P
Robert Peaston ,
London 1768 hallmark
RP into an oval mark, not identified , Sheffield 1979
RP into an oval
not identified ,
Sheffield 1979 hallmark
RP into two lozenges mark, not identified , London 1978
RP into two lozenges
not identified,
London 1978 hallmark
R.P into a rectangle mark, Robert Pinkney, Newcastle c. 1790
R.P into a rectangle
Robert Pinkney,
Newcastle c. 1790 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
RP over & over CCo into a quatrefoilmark, not identified, Sheffield 1943
RP over & over CCo into a quatrefoil
not identified,
Sheffield 1943 hallmark
R.P over G.B into a square mark, Richard Pierce & George Burrows II, London 1832
RP over GB into a square mark, Richard Pierce & George Burrows II, London 1832 RP over GB into a square mark, Richard Pierce & George Burrows II, London 1832 RP over GB into a square mark, Richard Pierce & George Burrows II, London 1832
RP over GB or R.P over G.B into a square
Richard Pierce & George Burrows II,
mark registered on 1826 and still active in 1847
London 1832 hallmark





London 1839 hallmark
RR mark, Richard Richardson, Sheffield 1904
RR into an indented corners rectangle
Richard Richardson,
Sheffield 1904 hallmark
The business was established in 1796 in Sheffield by Richard Richardson. In 1895 the firm was active at Corwall Works, Sheffield and in London showroom at Ely Place, Holborn Circus.
R.R into a rectangle mark, Richard Rugg, London 1761
R.R into a rectangle
Richard Rugg,
entered 1754
London 1761 hallmark
RR mark, Robert Rutland, London 1808
RR
Robert Rutland,
London 1808 hallmark
R.R over A.R over IMH under a crown mark, Robert Roskell, Alan Roskell & John Mortimer Hunt, London 1886
R.R over A.R over IMH under a crown
Robert Roskell, Alan Roskell & John Mortimer Hunt,
London 1886 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk

Hunt & Roskell late Storr & Mortimer
RS into a rectangle mark, Robert Sharp, London 1793
RS into a rectangle
Robert Sharp,
entered 1788
London 1793 hallmark
RS into a tipped oval shape mark, Robert W. Smith, Dublin 1834
RS into a tipped oval shape
Robert W. Smith,
Dublin 1834 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
RS into a shield mark, Robert Stewart , London 1910 RS into two conjoined circles mark, Robert Stewart , London 1910
RS into a shield or RS into two conjoined circles
Robert Stewart,
Sauchiehall Street and Argyle Street, Glasgow
London 1910 hallmark


London 1910 hallmark
RS and pseudo English hallmarks mark, Rice Sharpley, Montreal c. 1830-1880
RS and pseudo English hallmarks
Rice Sharpley,
a Canada silversmith
Montreal c. 1830-1880 mark
RS into an oval mark, Robert Stebbings , London 1912 R.S into an oval mark, Robert Stebbings, London 1908
RS or R.S into an oval
Robert Stebbings,
Middleton Street, London
London 1912 hallmark



London 1908 hallmark
R.S mark, Richard Sawyer, Dublin 1809
R.S
Richard Sawyer,
Dublin 1809 hallmark
R.S into a chamfered rectangle mark, Spencer & Co - possibly-, Birmingham 1900 R.S into a chamfered rectangle mark, Spencer & Co - possibly-, Birmingham 1900
R.S into a chamfered rectangle
Spencer & Co - possibly-,
Queen St, London
Birmingham 1900 hallmark
R.S mark, Robert Scott, Glasgow 1858 R.S. mark, Robert Scott, Glasgow 1860
R.S or R.S.
Robert Scott,
Glasgow 1858 hallmark


Glasgow 1860 hallmark
R.S.P.Co mark, Raeno Silver Plate Co Ltd, Birmingham 1917
R.S.P.Co
Raeno Silver Plate Co Ltd ,
mark entered in 1913
Birmingham 1917 hallmark
RT mark, Richard Turner, London 1812
RT
Richard Turner,
Islington Road, London
London 1812 hallmark
RT mark, Robert Thornton, Birmingham 1873
RT
Robert Thornton
Birmingham 1873 hallmark
RT St J mark, Richard Thompson, New Brunswick 1842-1844
RT St J
Richard Thompson,
a Canada silversmith
New Brunswick 1842-1844 mark
RW into a chamfered rectangle mark, Robert Walliss, London 1844
RW into a chamfered rectangle
Robert Walliss
mark entered in 1836
London 1844 hallmark
RW into two conjoined circles  mark, Robert Wallis, London 1848
RW into two conjoined circles
Robert Wallis
mark entered in 1845
London 1848 hallmark
R.W  mark, Robert Williams , Exeter 1833
R.W
Robert Williams ,
Exeter 1833 hallmark
RW over B in script into three circles mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-, Birmingham 1933 RW over B in script into three circles mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-, Birmingham 1933 RW over B in script into three circles mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-, Sheffield 1964
RW over B in script into three circles mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-, London 1960 RW over B in script into three circles mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-, London 1960
RW over B in script into three circles
Harrods Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge-,
Birmingham 1933 mark








Sheffield 1964 mark



London 1960 mark
RW  over JW over JW  mark, Robert, James & Josiah Williams , Exeter 1847
RW over JW over JW
Robert, James & Josiah Williams ,
Exeter 1847 hallmark
R.W  mark, Robert Wadman Stilby, London 1912
RWS into a rectangle
Robert Wadman Stilby,
a partner of J. Loebl & Co. The firm was listed since 1884 as leather bag manufacturer when was managed by Joseph and Samuel Loebl
London 1912 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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