HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - LIST OF SILVERSMITHS
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF NAMES
THE DIRECTORY NAMES
- H -
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE

SILVERSMITH'S NAME
                - H -

Frederick HABERLING [ L ]
Aaron HADFIELD [ S ]
Sibray, Hall & Co -Job Frank HALL- [ L ][ S ]
Sidney HALL & Co possibly- [ S ]
Thomas HALL [ L ]
William HALL [ L ]
Thomas HALLOWS [ L ]
HALL & FITZGERALD [B][C]
HAMILTON & Co - Calcutta-
HAMILTON & Co - Calcutta -
HAMILTON & Co - Calcutta -
HAMILTON & INCHES [ E ]
HAMILTON & INCHES [ E ]
HAMILTON & INCHES [ E ]
John HAMILTON & Son [ E ]
Slade HAMILTON & Son [ L ]
HAMILTON LAIDLAW & Co [ S ]
HAMMOND, CREAKE & Co [ S ]
HAMPTON UTILITIES [ B ]
HAMPTON UTILITIES [ B ]
HAMPTON UTILITIES [ B ]
William HAMY -retailer- and unidentified silversmith SI [ D ]
C F HANCOCK & Co [ L ]
Walter HANDS [ B ][ C ]
James HANNA [CANADA]
John Crouch I & Thomas HANNAM [ L ]
Thomas HANNAM & Richard MILLS [ L ]
William HANNAY (possibly) [ E ]
George HAPE (possibly) [ S]
Anselm HARDY [Quebec - CANADA]
HARDY Bros [ B ]
Harman & Co -J S HARMAN [ L ]
HARMAN Bros [ B ]
Charles Douglas Richard HANBURY-TRACY, 4th Baron Sudeley [ L ]
Robert HARPER I [ L ]
Thomas HARPER I [ L ]
Arthur HARRIS [ B ]
Charles HARRIS [ C ]
Charles Stuart HARRIS [ L ]
John HARRIS [ L ]
Simon HARRIS [ L ]
C.S. HARRIS & Sons Ltd [ L ]
Charles Stuart HARRIS [ L ]
William HARRIS -possibly-[ B ]
HARRISON & Hipwood -possibly- [ S ]
HARRISON & Hipwood [B]
HARRISON & Sons [B]
HARRISON Brothers [ S ]
HARRISON Brothers & Howson [ S ]
HARRISON Brothers & Howson [ S]
HARRISON Brothers & Howson Ltd [ L ]
HARRISON Brothers & Howson -George Howson- [S]
William HARRISON [ B ][ C ]
William HARRISON [ C ]
W. W. HARRISON & Co [ S ]
HARRISON Brothers & HOWSON [S ]
HARRODS Ltd [ C ][ D ][ S ]
HARRODS Ltd -Richard Woodman Burbridge- [B][L][S]
Charles, Alfred Henry&Francis Herbert Westwood trading as Charles HARROLD&Co [B][C]
George Henry HART - 'Guild of Handicraft' [ L ]
Theodor HARTMANN [L][S]
G W HARVEY & Co [ B ]
Robert John HARVEY [ L ]
HASELER Brothers -Edward John Haseler & Noble Haseler- [ B ][ C ][ L ]
HASELER & BILL -E J Haseler & C Bill- [ B ][ L ]
William Hair HASELER [ B ]
W H HASELER Ltd [ B ]
HASSET & HARPER Ltd [B]
Aaron HATFIELD & Sons [ S ]
John Waterhouse & Edward HATFIELD & Co [ S ]


John Sutherland HAWES [ L ]
F HAWKER Ltd [ B ]
F HAWKER Carpathian Silver Co Ltd [ B ]
George Ernest HAWKINS [ B ][ C ]
G & J W HAWKSLEY Ltd [S]
Charles HAWKSWORTH & John EYRE -HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co- [ S ]
HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co [S]
HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co Ltd [C] [S]
HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co Ltd [S]
Charles HAWKSWORTH & John EYRE [ S]
HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co -Charles HAWKSWORTH & John EYRE [ S ]
HAWKSWORTH, EYRE & Co Ltd [L][S]
H HAYES [ B ]
Thomas HAYES [ B ]
Thomas HAYES [ B ]
W M HAYES [ B ]
Jonathan HAYNE [L]
Samuel HAYNE & Dudley CATER [ L ]
Samuel HAYNE & Dudley CATER [ L ]
Thomas & George HAYTER [ L ]
E W HAYWOOD [ B ] )
Jos HAYWOOD & Co [ G ]
T.H. HAZLEWOOD & Co [ B ]
Thomas HEASLEY [ B ]
John Thomas HEATH & John Hartshorne MIDDLETON of Hukin & Heath [ B ][ L ]
T HEATLEY [ B ]
Douglas HEELEY [ S ]
Leopold HEINSELMANN [ B ]
George HEMING and William Chawner I [ L ]
Joseph HEMING & Co [ L ]
Thomas HEMING [ L ]
Alexander HENDERSON [ E ]
Alexander HENDERSON [ E ]
William HENDERSON and James W. HOWDEN [ E ]
Robert HENDERY or Hendery & Leslie [Montreal - CANADA]
James Barclay HENNELL [ L ]


Robert HENNELL I [ L ]
Robert HENNELL I [ L ]
Robert HENNELL II [ L ]
Robert HENNELL II -possibly- [ L ]
Robert HENNELL III [ L ]
Robert HENNELL and David HENNELL [ L ]
Robert, David &Samuel HENNELL [ L ]
Robert HENNELL and Samuel HENNELL [ L ]
M C HERSEY & Son [ L ]
Stewart HERSEY - M. C. Hersey & Son Ltd [L]
Alexander HEWAT [ L ]
James HEWITT [ E ]
The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter HEWITT- [ C ]
HICKLEMTON & SYDAL -H G Hicklenton & S A Phillips- [L]
Joseph HICKS [ EX ]
Joseph HICKS [ EX ]
Frederick Crockford & Charles HICKSON - Mappin Brothers [ S ]
HIGHPOINT IMPORT EXPORT Ltd [B]) Francis HIGGINS III [ L ]
Francis HIGGINS II [ L ]
Francis HIGGINS III or Francis HIGGINS & Sons Ltd [ L ]
J H HILLCOX [ B ]
HILLIARD & THOMASON [B][C]
HISTORICAL HEIRLOOMS Ltd [ S ]
Thomas HOBBS [ L ]
Henry HOBSON & Son [ S ]
Henry HOBSON & Sons [ B ][ L ]
Daniel HOCKLY [ L ]
Thomas HODGE [ L ]
Henry HOLLAND [ L ] )
John HOLLAND (I) [L]


Thomas HOLLAND II [ L ]
HOLLAND, ALDWINCKLE & SLATER [ L ]
HOLLAND, ALDWINCKLE & SLATER [ L ]
David HOLLANDER & Son [B][C]
David HOLLANDER & Sons Ltd [ B ]
R N HOLLINGS & Co [ B ]
John HOLLOWAY [ L ]
Jason HOLT [ PLYMOUTH ]
William HOPE [ EX ]
Charles HORNER Ltd [ C ]
HORSHAM EVENING INSTITUTE [L]
Edwin HORTON, trading as HORTON & Co [B]
HORTON & JOLLIFFE [B][C]
William HORTON [ B ]
HORTON & ALLDAY [B][C]
HOSTERMAN & PARKER [CANADA]
Charles HOUGHAM [ L ])
Solomon HOUGHAM [ L ])
Solomon HOUGHAM, Solomon Royes & John East Dix [ L ]
Daniel & Charles HOULE [L] )
E J HOULSTON [ B ]
Francis HOWARD Ltd [ G ][ E ][ S ]
Francis HOWDEN [ E ]
James HOWDEN & Co [ E ]
John & William HOWDEN [ E ]
Dudley Russell HOWITT -possibly- [ B ][ S ]
George HOWSON [ S]
Jonathan Wilson HUKIN & John Thomas HEATH [ L ]
HUKIN & HEATH Ltd [B][L][S]
HUKIN & HEATH Ltd [B] [L]
HUKIN & HEATH [ B ][ L ]
William James HOLMES [ B ]
R.HOVENDEN & Sons [ B ][ C ][ L ]
Henry James HULBERT [ B ][ L ]
Louis HULSMAN [CANADA]
W.A. HUMPHRIES Ltd -Walter Albert Humphries- [ B ]
John Samuel HUNT [ L ]
GeorgeHUNTER I [L]
George HUNTER II [L]
William HUNTER [L])
H.HUNTLEY & Sons [ B ][ C ]
I M HUTCHFIELD [B]
Edward HUTTON [ L ] [ S ]
William HUTTON & Sons [ L ] [ S ]
William HUTTON & Sons Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ][ S ]
Hyam HYAMS [ L ]
Thomas HYDE [ L ]



HISTORY, INFORMATION AND MARKS OF FAMOUS BRITISH SILVERSMITS






|DUTY MARKS|    |LEOPARD'S HEAD|    |LONDON MARKS|    |WOMEN SILVERSMITHS|    |PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |IMPORT MARKS|    |CONTEMPORARY MARKS|    |JOURNEYMAN MARKS|    |HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS|    |OLD ADVERTISEMENTS|    |FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES|    |ARTICLES ON ENGLISH SILVER|   


The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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