ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
HA - HG

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



H&A (Horton & Allday [B][C] ) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
H&CO into a trefoil (Hamilton & Co [ Calcutta ])
H&Co into a rectangle (Hamilton & Co [ Calcutta ])
H over & over Co into a heart (Hamilton & Co [B][L] ) 20th c./1st half
H over & over Co in vertical into two squares (Hayes & Co [B] ) 20th c./1st half
H& Co Ltd into three circles (Heming & Co Ltd -now Bruford & Heming- [L] ) 20th c./1st half
H& Co over Ltd (Hemming & Co Limited [ L ] )
H&F into an oval (not identified) Sheffield 1954
H&F into a rectangle (William Sydney Hall Edward Thurston Davies trading as Hall & Fitzgerald [B][C] ) 20th c./1st half
H&H (Hastelow & Harlow [B] ) 19th c./1st half
H&H into three circles (Hukin & Heath Ltd [B][L][S] ) 19th c./2nd half - 20th c./1st half
H&H into two conjoined circles (Harrison & Hipwood [B] ) entered 1904
H (&) H into an oval (Hukin & Heath Ltd [B] [L]) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
H& H (Howard & Hawksworth [S] ) entered 1835
H&H into an oblong rectangle (not identified [D] ) Dublin 1920
H&H Ld (Hasset & Harper Ltd [B] ) 20th c./1st half



H&I into a cut corner rectangle (Hamilton & Inches [ E ] ) 19th c./2nd half
H&I in script (Hamilton & Inches [ E ] ) end 19th c./20th c.
H&I into a rectangle (Hamilton & Inches [ E ] ) end 19th c./present
H&J into a chamfered rectangle (Frederick Hart Horton & Charles Jolliffe trading as Horton & Jolliffe [B][C] ) beginning 20th c.
H&L (Hamilton & Laidlaw [ G ] ) 19th c./2nd half
H&L (not identified) London 1963
H&N (Hollman & Norton [B] ) 20th c./1st half
H&P and English pseudo-hallmarks (Hosterman & Parker [CANADA] ) 1813
H&R (Haseler & Restall [ B ] ) mid 20th c.
H&R over Ltd (Hunt & Roskell Limited [ L ] ) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
H&S (Hawksford & Son [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
H&S into a wawy contour (Harrison & Sons [B]) 20th c./1st half
H&S (Hayward & Stott -Scottish Silver- [ E ] ) 21th c.
H& T (Hilliard & Thomason [B][C] ) 19th c./2nd half
H&W into a rectangle (Henry Warner trading as Harvey & Warner [L]) entered 1898
H&W (Hemming & Walton [B] ) 20th c./1st half
HA (Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin- [ S ]) 19th c./2nd half
HA over & over S (Holland, Aldwinckle &Slater [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
H.A (Henry H Aston [B] ) 19th c./2nd half
H.A (Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin- [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
HA over & over S into a pentagon (Holland Aldwinckle & Slater [ L ] ) entered 1905
HAMILTON 'elephant' CALCUTTA (Hamilton & Co [CALCUTTA] )
HAMY and SI (William Hamy-retailer- and unidentified silversmith SI [ D ] ) 19th c./1st half
HAT into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Harold Arthur Thompson [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
HAY (John Hay [ E ] ) 19th c./2nd half
HB (Henry Brind [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
HB in script into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Henry Bailey -possibly- [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HB in script (Hester Bateman [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HB into a lozenge (Harrison Brothers - possibly - [ S ] ) 20th c./2nd half
H.B into a rectangle (Henry Bourne [ B ] )entered 1871
HB&Co (H Bushell & Co Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
HB&S into an indented rectangle (Herbert Bushell & Son Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
HBA (Henry John & Albert Edward Batson [ L ] ) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
HB over GB incuse without contour (Horatio and George Elliot Bartlett [ L ] ) entered 1826
HBH into an oval (Harrison Brothers & Howson [S ] ) end 20th c./present
H.B.J&Co without contour (H B Johnson & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
H. BRs (Haseler Bros [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
H BRs into a shield (Hardy Bros [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
H Brs into an oval (Hardy Bros [ C ] ) 20th c./1st half

HBRos without contour (not identified [ B ] ) 1887
H.BROS into five lozenges (Harman Bros [ B ] ) entered 1932
HBs & H into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Harrison Brothers & Howson Ltd [ L ] ) end 20th c.
HC into an oval (Henry Chawner [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HC into a rectangle (Henry Chawner [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HC into a rectangle (Henry Chawner [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HC in script into a shield (Harold Child [ L ] ) entered 1899
HC into a wavy shape (Hugh Crawshaw [ S ] ) 2003
H.C (Henry Corry [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
H.C (Henry Cook [ B ] ) end 19th c.
HC&S Ltd (Henry Cooper & Sons Ltd [C] ) beginning 20th c.
H.C&S into an oblong rectangle (not identified [B]) 1970
H.C.A (not identified [B]) 1985
H over C.A over G (Charles Aldridge & Henry Geeen [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HCD (Henry Clifford Davis [B]) 20th c./1st half
HCD into three conjoined circles (H Clifford Davis Ltd [B]) mid 20th c.
H.C.D (Henry Clifford Davis [B]) 20th c./1st half
H.C.F (Henry Charles Freeman [B]) 20th c./1st half
H.C.F into a shield (Henry Charles Freeman [ B ][ L ] ) end 19th c./ beginning 20th c.
HCF Ld (H C Freeman Ltd [B]) 20th c./1st half
HC over IE into an oval (Henry Chawner & Jonathan Eames [ L ] ) end 18th c.
HD into a rectangle (Henry Deacon [ L ] ) entered 1843
HD into a rectangle (Henry Dart [ L ] ) entered 1883
HD into a rectangle (Henry Daw [ L ] ) entered 1910
H.D into a rectangle (Henry Day [ L ] ) entered 1817
H.D over C.D into a square (Henry & Charles Day [ L ] ) entered 1821
H.D into a rectangle (Henry Distin [ L ] ) entered 1856
HE in script (Henry Ellis [EX] ) mid 19th c.
HE in script into a shield (Harry Emanuel -trading as Emanuel Bros- [L] ) 19th c./2nd half
HE over & Co into a quatrefoil (Hawksworth, Eyre & Co -Charles Hawksworth & John Eyre- [ S] ) entered 1833
H.E &Co over Ld into a shield (Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd [L][S]) end 19th c./20th c./1st half



HEB over FEB into a shield (Barker Bros -Herbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker- [C][S]) 20th c./1st half
H E in script over Ld (Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd [C] [S] ) end 19th c./ 20th c. 1st half
HEI into an oval (Horsham Evening Institute [L] ) 20th c. 2nd half
HERON (John Heron [E][G] ) 19th c./1st half
HERON in script (John Heron [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half
HF (Rowlands & Frazer -Thomas Henry Frazer- [L] ) end 19th c./ beginning 20th c.
HF into a chamfered rectangle (Harrison Fisher [S] ) entered 1898
H.F&.Co into an oblong rectangle (H Fisher & Co [S] ) 20th c.
H.F.W (H F Withers [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
HG ( Henry Gardner [D] )[ L ]
HG (Hugh Gordon [ E ] ) 18th c./2nd half
HG (Henry Greenaway [L] ) 18th c./2nd half
HG (Henry S. Gilling [L] ) 19th c./2nd half
H.G &S into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Henry Griffith & Sons [B][C][L] ) end 19th c./ 20th c.
H.G &S without contour (Henry Griffith & Sons [B]) 20th c./1st half
H.G. &S. without contour (not identified - possibly Henry Griffith & Sons [S]) Sheffield 1975
HGH over SAP in script into a scalloped frame (Hicklenton & Sydal -H G Hicklenton & S A Phillips- [L] ) 20th c./1st half
HGM into an upper cut corners rectangle (Henry George Murphy [ L ] ) entered 1913




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The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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