HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: JL - JQ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JL in script mark, John Lampfert, London 1771
J.L in script
John Lampfert
London 1771 hallmark
JL mark, John Linnit, London 1818
JL
John Linnit
London 1818 hallmark
J.L  mark, John Linegar, Birmingham 1869
J.L
John Linegar
Birmingham 1869 hallmark
J.L into a chamfered rectangle mark, John Lawrence - possibly-, Birmingham 1832
J.L into a chamfered rectangle
John Lawrence - possibly-
Birmingham 1832 hallmark
JLG into three conjoined circles mark, John Le Gallais -Jersey maker-, London 1859 JLG into three conjoined circles mark, John Le Gallais -Jersey maker-, London 1859
JLG into three conjoined circles
John (Jean) Le Gallais -Jersey maker-,
Broad Street, St helier, Jersey. A goldsmith, jeweller, watch and clockmaker, he is first recorded in partnership with Thomas de Gruchy, q.v., in 1831, and had perhaps been his apprentice. He acquired de Gruchy's share of the business on his death in 1846, and continued with it until 1874 when he sold out to H Holinshed, q.v. He is possibly connected with Nicholas le Gallais, goldsmith of Granville, 1751-1787. A prolific maker of spoons and overmarker of those made by others, his best known product is a medallion struck to commemorate the royal visit of 1846. Other members of his family are found in banking 1817-1846. William George Le Gallais trading as The Jersey Bank 1843-1846
London 1859 hallmark
J over LG into a trefoil mark, John Le Gallais -Jersey maker-, London 1850
J over LG into a trefoil
John (Jean) Le Gallais -Jersey maker-,
mark registered in 1849
London 1850 hallmark
J.L over J.G in script into a square mark, John Langlands I & John Goodrick, Newcastle 1756
J.L over J.G in script into a square
John Langlands I & John Goodrick,
Newcastle 1756 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.M into a rectangle mark, John Meek, London 1822
J.M into rectangle
John Meek,
entered 1821
London 1822 hallmark
J.M into a serrate rectangle mark, James Moore, Dublin 1819
J.M into a serrate rectangle
James Moore,
Dublin 1819 hallmark
J.M mark, John Mitchell, Glasgow 1835
J.M
John Mitchell,
Glasgow 1835 hallmark
J.M into a rectangle mark, not identified, Dublin 1952 J.M into a rectangle mark, not identified, Dublin 1952
J.M into a rectangle
not identified,
Dublin 1952 hallmark
J.M thistle and key mark,John Mast, Calcutta, India, early 19th c.
J.M thistle and key
John Mast,
Calcutta, India, early 19th c. hallmark
JM&Co mark, not identified , London 1958 JM&Co mark, Johnson Matthey & Co, London 1958
JM&Co
Johnson Matthey & Co,
London 1958 hallmark
J.M-A  mark, not identified, Birmingham 1972
J.M-A
not identified,
Birmingham 1972 hallmark
JMc mark, James McKay, Edinburgh 1821
JMc
James McKay,
apprentice of Alexander Gardner in 1783. Freeman in 1793.
Held as apprentice William Beattie (freeman in 1840)
Edinburgh 1821 hallmark
J.M over & over E.M into a quatrefoil mark, James Moore & Edward Murray , Dublin 1839
J.M over & over E.M into a quatrefoil
James Moore & Edward Murray
Dublin 1839 hallmark
J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Chester 1898 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Chester 1898
J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Birmingham 1894 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Birmingham 1894
J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks, Birmingham 1896
J.M.B
John Millward Banks
Firm established in 1863 in Birmingham with manufacturing premises at 6 Northampton Street, Birmingham and Showroom at 12, 14 Beake Street, Regent Street, London. In 1900 c. the firm name was changed to J.M. Banks & Co. The business was closed in 1926 c.
Chester 1898 hallmark
Birmingham 1894 hallmark
Birmingham 1896 hallmark
J.M.Jr into a rectangle mark, John Muir Jr or John Murray, Glasgow 1830
J.M.Jr into a rectangle
John Muir, Jr or John Murray
Glasgow 1830 hallmark
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Johannes Martinus Lotter, Cape Colony 1850 c.
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks
Johannes Martinus Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Willem Godfried Lotter (1748) and Wilhelmina Margaretha Wentzel. Baptized at the Cape on 23 December 1798. Activity as goldsmith and/or silversmith is known from 1844 to 1879
Cape Colony 1850 c. hallmark
JM over WM mark, John Mitchell and William Mitchell (possibly), Glasgow 1833
JM over WM
John Mitchell and William Mitchell (possibly)
Glasgow 1833 hallmark
J.N mark, James Nasmyth ,  Edinburgh 1818
J.N
James Nasmyth
Edinburgh 1818 hallmark
J.N.M into shields of various shape mark, John Newton Mappin, London 1887
J.N.M into shields of various shape
John Newton Mappin
London 1894 hallmark
JNM over GW mark, Mappin & Webb -John Newton Mappin & George Webb-, London 1874
JNM over GW
Mappin & Webb -John Newton Mappin & George Webb-
London 1874 hallmark
Jo mark, John Osment, Exeter 1837
JO
John Osment
Exeter 1837 hallmark
J.P mark, John Pittar , Dublin 1791 J.P mark, John Pittar, Dublin 1808
J.P into a rectangle (chamfered)
John Pittar
Dublin 1791 hallmark



Dublin 1808 hallmark
J.P mark, James Payne , London 1832
J.P
James Payne
London 1832 hallmark
JP mark, John Power, Dublin 1894
JP
John Power
Dublin 1804 hallmark
JP into a shield mark, John Pinder & Co -subsequently James Pinder & Co-  Sheffield 1891
JP into a shield
John Pinder & Co -subsequently James Pinder & Co-
Sheffield 1891 hallmark
JP into an octagon mark, Birmingham 1908 JP into an octagon mark, Birmingham 1908
JP into an octagon
not identified
Birmingham 1908 hallmark
JP into a chamfered square or a circle or an oval mark, John Pinches Ltd, London 1975 JP into a chamfered square or a circle or an oval mark, John Pinches Ltd, London 1975 JP into an oval mark, John Pinches Ltd, London 1972
JP into a chamfered square or a circle or an oval
John Pinches Ltd
London 1975 hallmark
London 1972 hallmark
JP &Co mark, John Pound & Co, London 1913
JP &Co
John Pound & Co
mark entered by Percy H. Pound partner in 1905
London 1913 hallmark
JP over FP into a square mark, Pairpoint Bros -John & Frank Pairpoint-, London 1904
JP over FP into a square
Pairpoint Bros -John & Frank Pairpoint-
London 1904 hallmark
JQJ mark, Jaques Quesnel, Jersey c. 1850
JQJ
Jaques Quesnel
Jersey c. 1850 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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