ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
NA - PA
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

MARKS' IMAGES
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X/Y    Z   

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION


N in script into a shield (Anthony Nelme [ L ] ) end 17th c.
N into a circle surrounded by leaves under a crown (Sharman D Neill [ D ] ) 20th c./1st half
N&C (Neill & Cook [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
N&D into three octagons (Napper & Davenport [ B ] ) entered 1908
N&ES into a rectangle (N & E Spittle [ B ]) beginning 20th c.
N&H (Nathan & Hayes -George Nathan & Ridley Hayes- [ B ] [ C ] ) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
N&W into a rectangle (Norton & White [ B ] ) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
N&W into an oval (Norton & White [ B ] ) beginning 20th c.
NA&AFI (NAAFI -Navy, Army & Air Force Institute- [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
N over AS over A (Nathaniel Appleton & Ann Smith [ L ] ) 19th c./2nd half
N B into two circles (Needham Brothers [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
N B Ld into three circles (Needham Bros Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
NBrs into a shield (Neal Bros [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
NBrs into a trefoil (Nayler Brothers [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half



N.Bs (Needham Brothers [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
N over BROS (Nayler Brothers [ L ] )
NC (Nathaniel Creswick [ S ] ) 19th c./1st half
NCB into three conjoined circles (Norah Caroline Bolton [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
ANe conjoined (Anthony Nelme [ L ] ) end 17th c./beginning 18th c.
NEILL (James R Neill [ D ] ) 19th c./1st half
NG (Norman Grant [ E ]) 20th c./2nd half
NG over Co (Northern Goldsmiths Co [ B ] [ C ][ E ][ G ][ L ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
N.G over Co (Northern Goldsmiths Co [ B ][ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
N.G.Co into a rectangle (Northern Goldsmiths Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
NH (Naphthali Hart [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
NHP (Nigel Harris Price ([ L ] ) end 20th c.
NL into a lozenge (Nat Leslie Ltd [ L ][ S ]) 20th c./2nd half
N.M (Nathaniel Mills [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
NP into an oval (not identified [ L ] ) 1985
NS into a rectangle with curved sides (not identified [D] ) 1945
NS & Co (Nathaniel Smith & Co [ S] ) end 18th c/beginning 19th c.
NV &T into four squares (Needham, Veall & Tyzack Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half

O&B (Owen & Boon [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
O&BLtd into a shield (Oliver & Bower Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
O.A into a rectangle (Olney, Amsden & Sons, [B]) beginning 20th c.
OI (Orlando Jackson [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
O.Ltd (Oldfield Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
O.M (Oomersi Mawji, [Bhuj, Gujarat -India, north of Mumbai]) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
OR (Omar Ramsden [ L ]) 20th c./1st half
Ot&Bd (Ollivant & Botsford [ B ][ L ][ S ]) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
Ot&Bd Ltd (Ollivant & Botsford Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c.
O.W over &S into a square (not identified [ S ]) 1924
P&A (Parker & Alcott [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
P&B (Penlington & Batty [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
P&B into a chamfered rectangle (Padgett & Braham [ L ] ) 20th c.
P&B ld into an oblong oval (Padgett & Braham Ltd [ L ] ) 20th c.
P&C Ltd (Porter & Coulthard Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
P over &C into a square (Prince & Cattles -John Prince, Robert Cattle and George Cattle I- [ Y ] ) 19th c./1st half



P&Co into three squares (Plante & Co [ B ] ) entered 1892
P&Co into four squares (Plante & Co [ B ] ) entered 1898
P&H into three circles (Pepper & Hope [ B ] ) 20th c./2nd half
P&JE (P & J Escofet [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
P & S (E V Pledge & Son [B] ) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
P&S Ltd (Patterson & Sons Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
P&T (Postans & Tye -William Postans & George Tye- [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
P&T (Pearce & Thompson [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
P.A into a chamfered rectangle (Peter Aitken [ G ] ) 19th c./1st half
PA (Peter Aitken [ G ]) mid 19th c.
PA (Simon Pantin [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
PA under a crown (Peter Archambo [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
P.A&S (P.Ashberry & Sons [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
pAc over l (Asprey & Co [ B ] )
PAGE BROTHERS (Thomas Page [CANADA]) 1840
PA Ltd into an oblong rectangle (not identified [L]) 1919



BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

|DUTY MARKS|    |LEOPARD'S HEAD|    |LONDON MARKS|    |WOMEN SILVERSMITHS|    |PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |IMPORT MARKS|    |CONTEMPORARY MARKS|    |JOURNEYMAN MARKS|    |HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS|    |OLD ADVERTISEMENTS|    |FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES|    |ARTICLES ON ENGLISH SILVER|   


The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838




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