HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: JR - JR
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JR in script into a rectangle mark, John Rich, London 1797
JR in script into a rectangle
John Rich,
entered 1765
London 1797 hallmark
JR into an oval mark, John Russell, Glasgow 1856
JR into an oval
John Russell,
entered 1845
Glasgow 1856 hallmark
JR mark, James Ross, Glasgow 1864
JR
James Ross,
Glasgow 1864 hallmark
JR into an oval mark, James Richardson, Chester 1893 JR into an oval mark, James Richardson, Chester 1893
JR into an oval or J.R into an oval
James Richardson,
Percy House, Holyhead Road, Coventry. Entered 1876
Chester 1893 hallmark
J R into two squares mark, John Rose, Birmingham 1916
J R into two squares
John Rose,
Birmingham 1916 hallmark
JR into an oval  mark, John Round & Son Ltd -Joseph Ridge- , Sheffield 1926
JR into an oval
John Round & Son Ltd -Joseph Ridge- ,
Sheffield 1926 hallmark
JR into an indented oval mark, Joshua Richards, Birmingham 1913
JR into an indented oval
Joshua Richards,
New Spring St, Birmingham
Birmingham 1913 hallmark
JR into a lozenge mark, Arthur James Ramsay, London 1903
JR into a lozenge
Arthur James Ramsay,
High Street and later Reform Street, Dundee
London 1903 hallmark
JR into a shield mark, Joseph Henry Raymond, London 1903 JR into a shield mark, Joseph Henry Raymond, London 1903
JR into a shield
Joseph Henry Raymond,
entered 1900
London 1903 hallmark
J.R into an oval mark, John Round & Son Ltd, Sheffield 1905
J.R into an oval
John Round & Son Ltd,
Sheffield 1905 hallmark

The firm was established by John Round in Sheffield in 1847 as a small familiar workshop attached to his house in Tudor Street. The business proved successful and the firm in partnership with his son Edwin went under the title of John Round & Son. In 1874 the firm became John Round & Son Ltd and in 1886 the business of Ridge, Allcard & Co (Lions Works, Eyre Lane) was amalgamated and John Ridge became the manager. The main factory was the renewed Tudor Works, Tudor Street, Sheffield while warious showrooms operated in London.
J.R mark, James Ross, Glasgow 1883
J.R
James Ross,
Glasgow 1883 hallmark
J.R mark, Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Sheffield 1901
J.R
Joseph Rodgers & Sons,
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
J R into a trefoilmark, Jacob Rozenzweig - Rosenzweig, Taitelbaum & Co, London 1921
J.R into a trefoil
Jacob Rozenzweig - Rosenzweig, Taitelbaum & Co,
London 1921 hallmark
JR star and cross mark, Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Sheffield 1913 J.R star and cross mark, Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Sheffield 1901
JR star and cross or J.R. star and cross into a shield
Joseph Rodgers & Sons ,
Sheffield 1913 hallmark


Sheffield 1901 hallmark

A famous firm of cutlers and silversmiths founded in Sheffield in 1682. It was converted under the style of Joseph Rodgers & Sons Ltd in 1871. The factory was at 6 Norfolk Street, Sheffield and a showroom at 60 Holborn Viaduct, London. New large works were opened in 1899 at River Lane, Sheffield.
JR&S mark, James Rettie & Son, Edinburgh 1887
JR&S
James Rettie & Son,
an Aberdeen silversmith
Edinburgh 1887 hallmark
JRB into an indented rectangle mark, John Reginald Burrows, Birmingham 2003
JRB into an indented rectangle
John Reginald Burrows
Birmingham 2003 hallmark
JR&S mark, not identified, Edinburgh 1884
JR&S
not identified,
Edinburgh 1884 hallmark
J.R&W.L into a chamfered rectangle mark, J R & W Laing -James Rankine Laing & William Laing-, Glasgow 1909
J.R&W.L into a chamfered rectangle
J R & W Laing -James Rankine Laing & William Laing-,
Brunswick Street and later Gordon Street, Glasgow
Glasgow 1909 hallmark
J over RCoA over Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Jay, Richard Attenborough Co Ltd, Chester 1937 J over RCoA over Ld into a quaterfoil mark, Jay, Richard Attenborough Co Ltd, London 1930
J over RCoA over Ld into a quatrefoil
Jay, Richard Attenborough Co Ltd,
Chester 1937 hallmark




London 1930 hallmark
J R G & S into five square mark, J R Gaunt & Son , Birmingham 1933
J R G & S into five square
J R Gaunt & Son,
Birmingham 1933 hallmark
JR over SJ mark,Judah Rosenthal and Samuel Jacob & Co, London 1885 JR over SJ mark,Judah Rosenthal and Samuel Jacob & Co, London 1892
JR over SJ
Rosenthal, Jacob & Co -Julius (Judah) Rosenthal & Samuel Jacob
London 1885 hallmark
Founded in 1867 by Julius Loewe Rosenthan (or Judah Louis Rosenthal). He was in partnership with James Wiltshire unit 1877. In 1881 he was joined in partnership by Samuel Jacob and the firm was listed as Rosenthal, Jacob & Co until 1892. when he continued the business at 23 Southampton Street Fitzroy Square as Rosenthal & Co. The business was closed for bankruptcy in 1895

London 1892 hallmark
JRO & Sns over Ltd into a trefoil mark, J R Ogden & Sons Ltd, Sheffield 1959
JRO &Sns over Ltd into a trefoil
J R Ogden & Sons Ltd,
Sheffield 1959 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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