HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: IH - IL
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
I.H into an oval mark, John Holloway, London c. 1790
I.H into an oval
John Holloway,
London c. 1790
IH mark, not identified, Guernesey 1730-1780 c.
IH
not identified,
uninscribed Channell Islands maker (also JH) - ref. Channel Islands Silver, pag. 66, table 34
Guernesey 1730-1780 c. hallmark
IH mark, John Harris, London 1823
IH
John Harris,
London 1823 hallmark
I over I.D over M  mark, Jabez Daniel & James Mince , London 1770
I over I.D over M
Jabez Daniel & James Mince ,
London 1770 hallmark
IJ into a rectangle mark, not identified, Sheffield 1977
IJ into a rectangle
not identified
Sheffield 1977
I.J.K into an oblong rectangle mark, John James Keith, London 1829
I.J.K into an oblong rectangle
John James Keith,
entered 1824
London 1829
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
IK over a rose between two pellets  mark, not identified, London 2nd half 17th century
IK over a rose between two pellets
not identified,
London 2nd half 17th century hallmark
IK into a rectangle mark, John Kerschner, London 1817
IK into a rectangle
John Kerschner,
entered 1808
London 1817 hallmark
IK into a rectangle mark, Jasper Kelly, London 1779
IK into a rectangle
Jasper Kelly,
145 Strand, London - entered 6 May 1779
London 1779 hallmark
I.K into a chamfered rectangle mark, John King, London 1783 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium I.K into a chamfered rectangle mark, John King, London 1783 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium I.K into a chamfered rectangle mark, John King, London 1783 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium
I.K into a chamfered rectangle
John King,
Mark entered 1775
London 1783 hallmark
IL mark, John Littlewood, Sheffield 1828 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium
IL
John Littlewood,
West Bargreen Worshops
Sheffield 1828 hallmark
IL  mark, John Lias, London 1813
IL
John Lias,
a predecessor of Wakely & Wheeler....more....
London 1813 hallmark
IL into a shield mark, Isadore Leapman , Birmingham 1908
IL into a shield
Isadore Leapman ,
Birmingham 1908 hallmark
I.L under a circle mark, John Langlands I, Newcastle 1757
I.L under a circle
John Langlands I,
Newcastle 1757 hallmark
I.L mark, John Lambe, London 1782
I.L into a rectangle
John Lambe,
London 1782 hallmark
I.L into an oval mark, John Lambe, London 1784
I.L into an oval
John Lambe,
London 1784 hallmark
I.L into an oval mark, John Langlands II, Newcastle 1799
I.L into an oval
John Langlands II,
Newcastle 1799 hallmark
I.L mark, Jan Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c.
I.L
Jan Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Possibly Johannes Matthias Lotter (1759) son of Johannes Casparus Lotter (1737). Activity documented 1813/1817
Cape Colony 1815 c. hallmark
I.L.B mark, James Le Bas, Dublin 1831
I.L.B
James Le Bas,
Dublin 1831 hallmark
I.L C mark, not identified, London 1868
I.L C
not identified,
London 1868 hallmark
I.L over H.L into a square mark, John & Henry Lias, London 1841
I.L over H.L into a square
John & Henry Lias,
London 1841 hallmark
IL over HL over CL  mark, John &  Henry & Charles Lias, London 1825
IL over HL over CL
John & Henry & Charles Lias
a predecessor of Wakely & Wheeler....more....
London 1825 hallmark
I.L over I.R mark, John Langlands I & John Robertson , Newcastle 1812
I.L over I.R
John Langlands I & John Robertson
Newcastle 1812 hallmark (imported silver)
I.L over I.G in script into a square mark, John Langlands I & John Goodrick, Newcastle 1756
I.L over I.G in script into a square
John Langlands I & John Goodrick,
Newcastle 1756 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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