HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: M& - MB
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
M&A mark, Muirhead & Arthur, Glasgow 1877
M&A
Muirhead & Arthur,
Glasgow 1877 hallmark
M&B into a shield mark, Marston & Bayliss, Birmingham 1904
M&B into a shield
Marston & Bayliss,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
M&C mark,Mackay & Chisholm , Edinburgh 1936 M&C mark,Mackay & Chisholm , Edinburgh 1847
M&C
Mackay & Chisholm,
59 Princes Street, Edinburgh
Edinburgh 1936 hallmark


Edinburgh 1847 hallmark
M&Co into a scalloped rectangle  mark, Marples & Co Ltdr, Birmingham 1910 M&Co into a scalloped rectangle  mark, Marples & Co Ltdr, Sheffield 1905
M&Co into a scalloped rectangle
Marples & Co Ltd,
105 Napier Street, Sheffield
Birmingham 1910 hallmark



Sheffield 1905 hallmark
M&Co mark, Maple & Co, Sheffield 1929
M&Co
Maple & Co Ltd,
Business established in 1841 by John Maple and by 1860 the style of the firm was altered to J. Maple & Co. In 1891 the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style Maple & Co Ltd.
Sheffield 1929 hallmark
M&Co into three conjoined circles  mark, Munsey & Co -possibly-, Birmingham 1936
M&Co into three conjoined circles
Munsey & Co -possibly-,
Birmingham 1936 hallmark
M&J into two circles mark, Marson &a Jones , Birmingham 1925
M&J into two circles
Marson & Jones ,
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
M & L into three squares mark, Minshull & Latimer, Birmingham 1900
M & L into three squares
Minshull & Latimer,
Birmingham 1900 hallmark
M&R into  a rectangle mark, Mitchell & Russell, Edinburgh 1809
M&R into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Mitchell & Russell,
partners William Mitchell I and William Russel I. Subsequently William Mitchell & Sons. First mentioned 1819, last 1841
Edinburgh 1809 hallmark
M & S mark, Mitchell & Son, Glasgow 1825
M & S
Mitchell & Son,
Glasgow 1825 hallmark
M & S mark, Marshall & Sons, Edinburgh 1822
M & S
Marshall & Sons ,
a retailer at 87 George St.
Edinburgh 1822 hallmark
M&S over Ltd into a shield mark, Maxfield & Sons Ltd, Sheffield 1916
M&S over Ltd into a shield
Maxfield & Sons Ltd,
Sheffield 1916 hallmark
M&W mark, Mappin & Webb, London 1904 M&W mark, Mappin & Webb
M&W
Mappin & Webb,
London 1904 hallmarks
Sheffield 1953 hallmark
(note Queen Elizabeth II Coronation mark)


Mappin & Webb history and information
M&W into an oval mark, Mappin & Webb Ltd, Birmingham 1976
M&W into an oval
Mappin & Webb Ltd,
Birmingham 1976 hallmark
(note Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee mark)
Mappin & Webb history and information
MAB mark, Michael Allan Burton, London 1988
MAB
Michael Allan Burton,
(1938-2005)
London 1988 hallmark
MARSHALL & SONS mark,Marshall & Sons, Edinburgh 1882
MARSHALL & SONS
Marshall & Sons,
87 George St, Edinburgh
Edinburgh 1882 hallmark
MAYER mark, Joseph Mayer, Exeter 1852
MAYER
Joseph Mayer,
Exeter 1852 hallmark
M.B mark, Moses Brent, London 1804
M.B
Moses Brent ,
London 1804 hallmark
MB mark, Matthew Boulton, Birmingham 1814 MB mark, Matthew Boulton, Birmingham 1824
MB
Matthew Boulton,
Birmingham 1814 hallmark



Birmingham 1824 hallmark
M.BROS. mark, Miller Bros, Birmingham 1903 M.BROS. mark, Miller Bros, Birmingham 1902 M.BROS. mark, Miller Bros, Birmingham 1897 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium
M.BROs. or M.BROS
Miller Bros,
The firm was founded in the 1870s by Charles Dew Miller, George Woodville Miller and Richard William Bentley Miller. In 1904 the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style Miller Brothers (London) Ltd.

Birmingham 1902 hallmark




Birmingham 1906 hallmark





Birmingham 1897 hallmark
M over BROS into a lozenge mark, Mappin Brothers , Sheffield 1925 M over BROS into a lozenge mark, Mappin Brothers, Chester 1896
M over BROS into a lozenge
Mappin Brothers,
William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman trading as Mappin Brothers, Regent Street and Cheapside, London and Queens Works, Sheffield
Sheffield 1925 hallmark
Chester 1896 hallmark

M over BROS into a lozenge mark, Mappin Brothers, Chester 1896
MC into an oval mark, Matthew Craw, Edinburgh 1802
MC into an oval
Matthew Craw,
born in Canongate, son of William Craw, goldsmith in Canongate and afterwards in Dumfries. His name appears in Edinburgh Assay Office Duty Books sending in work for assay in 1799-1805 and again 1811-1820
Edinburgh 1802 hallmark
MC mark, Mary Chawner, London 1833
MC
Mary Chawner,
London 1833 hallmark
MC into two conjoined circles mark, not identified, Sheffield 1944
MC into two conjoined circles
not identified,
Sheffield 1944 hallmark
M.C into a rectangle mark, Mabel Cambage, Edinburgh 1944
M.C into a rectangle
Mabel Cambage,
Edinburgh 1944 hallmark
MC&Co mark, Mackay, Chisholm & Company, Edimburgh 1878
MC&Co
Mackay, Chisholm & Company,
Edimburgh 1878 hallmark
M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991
M over CH into a trefoil
M C Hersey & Son,
London 1991 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
MC over GA into a quatrefoil mark, Mary Chawner & George W Adams, London 1840
MC over GA into a quatrefoil
Mary Chawner & George W Adams,
London 1840 hallmark
md mark, not identified , London 1986
md
not identified ,
London 1986 hallmark
MF into two conjoined circles mark, Maurice Freeman, Chester 1900
MF into two conjoined circles
Maurice Freeman,
26 Clerkenwell Road, London
Chester 1900 hallmark
MF into a chamfered rectangle mark, Maurice Freeman, London 1903
MF into a chamfered rectangle
Maurice Freeman,
26 Clerkenwell Road, London
London 1903 hallmark
MF mark, Friedlander & Co -Montague Friedlander- , Chester 1907
MF
Friedlander & Co -Montague Friedlander- ,
Royal Exchange Square, Glasgow
Chester 1907 hallmark
MF into an exagon mark, Maurice Flixher, Birmingham 1908 MF into an exagon mark, Maurice Flixher, Birmingham 1908
MF into an exagon
Maurice Flixher,
22 Ropemakers Street, London
Birmingham 1908 hallmark
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS"
M.G into an oblong rectangle mark, Michael Goldstone - possibly-, Edinburgh 1978 M.G into an oblong rectangle mark, Michael Goldstone - possibly-, Edinburgh 1978
M.G into an oblong rectangle
Michael Goldstone - possibly-,
Edinburgh 1978 hallmark
MH over & Co into a shield mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1886
MH over & Co into a shield
Martin Hall & Co Ltd,
The firm origins by the partnership established in 1820 in Sheffield by Henry Wilkinson and John Roberts who traded as Wilkinson & Roberts.The firm's cronology is: John Roberts (1836), Roberts & Hall ( 1846), Martin Hall & Co (1854), Martin Hall & Co Ltd (1866-1936). Martin Hall & Co was one of the best known British manufacturers and partecipated to many international exhibitions including the Crystal Palace 1851 Great Exhibition. They had also a line of production in electroplate and in a patented white metal called "Martinoid".
Sheffield 1886 hallmark

MARTIN HALL & CO HISTORY and MARKS
MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1925 MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1925 MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Birmingham 1916
MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil
Martin Hall & Co Ltd,
Sheffield 1925 hallmark


Birmingham 1916 hallmark

MARTIN HALL & CO HISTORY and MARKS
M.J.J mark, Matthew John Jessop, Birmingham 1903
M.J.J
Matthew John Jessop,
Birmingham 1903 hallmark
MLS between two fleur de lys  mark, Martinus Louren Smith, Cape Colony 1800 c.
MLS between two fleur de lys
Martinus Lourens Smith,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Arrived at the Cape on 27 October 1757 from Aalborg, Denmark. Died on 18 March 1806.
Cape Colony 1800 c. hallmark
MM and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lodewyk Beck, Cape Colony 1855 c.
M M and English pseudo-hallmarks
Lodewyk Beck,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith
Cape Colony 1855 c. hallmark
Mn Wb over & mark, Mappin & Webb Limited, London 1921 Mn Wb over & mark, Mappin & Webb Limited, Dublin 1919
Mn Wb over & mark, Mappin & Webb Limited, Birmingham 1920 Mn Wb over & mark, Mappin & Webb Limited, Birmingham 1920
Mn Wb over & (inside a rectangle or inside a shield)
Mappin & Webb Limited
,
London 1921 hallmark




Dublin 1919 hallmark





Birmingham 1920 hallmark
M.P mark, Michael Plummer, London 1795
MP
Michael Plummer,
London 1795 hallmark
M R into two circles mark, Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd, London 1924
M R into two circles
Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd,
47 Kirkgate, Bradford
London 1924 hallmark

Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd, Watchmaker to the Admiralty
M R over CR into a quatrefoil mark, Mary Ann & Charles Reily, London 1827
M R over CR into a quatrefoil
Mary Ann & Charles Reily,
entered 1826
London 1827 hallmark
M S into an oval mark, Mary Sumner, London 1808
M S into an oval
Mary Sumner,
London 1808 hallmark
M.S mark, Moses or Morris Salkind, London 1937
M.S
Moses or Morris Salkind,
Mulberry Street, London
London 1937 hallmark
M.S into two conjoined circles mark, Millicent -Duchess of- Sutherlan, Birmingham 1911
M.S into two conjoined circles
Millicent -Duchess of- Sutherland
Birmingham 1911 hallmark

The Duchess of Sutherland's Guild of Handicraft was founded in 1898 by Millicent Duchess of Sutherlands as The Potteries and Newcastle Cripples Guild. Art metalwork began in 1902 under the guidance of Francis Arthur Edwards. The Works were at Wilson St. - Hanley, Staffs. In 1907 the guild was converted into a limited liability company under the name of The Duchess of Sutherland's Cripples Guild of Handicrafts. The activity was closed in 1922.
MS over ES  mark, Mary & Elizabeth Sumner , London 1810 MS over ES  mark, Mary & Elizabeth Sumner , London 1810
MS over ES into circle
Mary & Elizabeth Sumner ,
London 1810 hallmark
MT into a rectangle mark, Mary Troby, London 1807
MT into a rectangle
Mary Troby,
London 1807 hallmark
M.T into an oval mark, Marcus Themans, Chester 1898 M.T into an oval mark, Marcus Themans, Chester 1898
M.T into an oval
Marcus Themans,
26 Piccadilly, Manchester
Chester 1898 hallmark
MW into a rectangle mark, Matthew West, Dublin c.1760/1800
MW into a rectangle
Matthew West,
Dublin c.1760/1800 hallmark
M.W & S into an oblong rectangle mark, Mark Willis & Son Ltd, Sheffield 1913
M.W & S into an oblong rectangle
Mark Willis & Son Ltd,
Exchange Works, 207 Rockingham St, Sheffield
Sheffield 1913 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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