HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: JH - JK
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JH mark, Jason Holt, Plymouth 1784/1786
JH
Jason Holt
Plymouth 1784/1786 hallmark
JH mark, Joseph Hicks, Exeter 1824
JH into two conjoined circles
Joseph Hicks
Exeter 1824 hallmark
JH mark, Joseph Hicks, Exeter 1815
JH
Joseph Hicks
Exeter 1815 hallmark
JH in script mark, John Holland (I), London 1743
JH in script
John Holland (I)
London 1743 hallmark
JH in script mark, James Hewitt, Edinburgh 1790
JH in script
James Hewitt
Edinburgh 1790 hallmark
JH in script mark, Jonathan Hayne, London 1834
JH in script
Jonathan Hayne
London 1834 hallmark....MORE....
J.H into two conjoined circles mark, Sibray, Hall & Co -Job Frank Hall-, London 1897
J.H into two conjoined circles
Sibray, Hall & Co -Job Frank Hall-
London 1897 hallmark (entered 1893)
J.H over & over  Co into a trefoil mark, Joseph Heming & Co, London 1906
J.H over & over Co into a trefoil
Joseph Heming & Co
Business founded in 1890, became Ltd in 1912 as Heming & Co. In 1981 the firm was amalgamated into Bruford & Heming Ltd 1981
London 1906 hallmark
JH &  Co into an oblong rectangle mark, James Howden & Co, Edinburgh 1841
JH & Co into an oblong rectangle
James Howden & Co
Edinburgh 1841 hallmark
JH &  Co into an oblong rectangle mark, Jos Haywood & Co, Glasgow 1861
JH & Co into an oblong rectangle
Jos Haywood & Co
Glasgow 1861 hallmark
JH & S into an oblong rectangle mark, John Hamilton & Son, Edinburgh 1841
JH &S into an oblong rectangle
John Hamilton & Son
Edinburgh 1841 hallmark
J.H.B over H.B into a trefoilmark, Z Barraclough & Sons -James Henry & Herbert Barraclough-, Sheffield 1918
J.H.B over H.B into a trefoil
JZ Barraclough & Sons -James Henry & Herbert Barraclough-
The retail business was established in Leeds in 1805. By 1887 Z. Barraclough & Sons are listed at 54 Briggate Commercial Street, Leeds. After 1914 the firm was converted into a Ltd under the style of Z.Barraclough & Sons Ltd.
Sheffield 1918 hallmark
J.H.H into an oblong rectangle mark, J H Hillcox, Birmingham 1909
J.H.H into an oblong rectangle
J H Hillcox
New John Street West, Birmingham
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
JHO mark, not identified, London 1975
JHO
not identified
London 1975 hallmark
J.H.P. mark, John Henry Potter, LSheffield 1890
J.H.P.
John Henry Potter
Rockingham Works, Sheffield
Sheffield 1890 hallmark
J H P into three squares  mark, John Henry Potter , Sheffield 1908
J H P into three squares
John Henry Potter ,
Rockingham Works, Sheffield
Sheffield 1908 hallmark
JHR into a chamfered rectangle mark, John Henry Rawlings, London 1903 JHR into a chamfered rectangle mark, John Henry Rawlings, London 1903
JHR into a chamfered rectangle
John Henry Rawlings
London 1903 hallmark
J.H.R into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Horatio Risdon trading as Inderwick & Co, London 1908 J.H.R into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Horatio Risdon trading as Inderwick & Co, London 1908
J.H.R into an oblong chamfered rectangle
John Horatio Risdon trading as Inderwick & Co,
Business founded in 1799 by John Inderwick. After c. 1850 the business was continued by his sons Edward, George and Henry John under the style of Inderwick & Co. The business was transferred in 1907 to John Horatio Risdon and in the 1930s to Frank Wellby. See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
London 1908 hallmark
JHS into a lozenge mark, Harman & Co -J S Harman-, London 1924
JHS into a lozenge
Harman & Co -J S Harman-,
New Bond Street, London
London 1924 hallmark
J.H.P without outline  mark, John Henry Wynn (possibly) , Birmingham 1924
J.H.W without outline
John Henry Wynn (possibly) ,
44 Hylton Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1924 hallmark
JHW over SON & over Co Ltd mark, J H Worrall, Son & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1907
JHW over SON & over Co Ltd
J H Worrall, Son & Co Ltd,
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
JJ and English pseudo hallmarks mark, Jacob Josephson, AUSTRALIA c. 1820
JJ and English pseudo hallmarks
Jacob Josephson,
Australia Colony c. 1820 hallmark
J.J mark, Jay, Richard Attenborough & Co -James Charles Jay- (possibly), Chester 1899
J.J
Jay, Richard Attenborough & Co -James Charles Jay- (possibly),
Chester 1899 hallmark
J.J.J.W. into a chamfered rectangle mark, James Johnson & John Walker, London 1876
J.J.J.W. into a chamfered rectangle
James Johnson & John Walker,
mark entered in 1872
London 1876 hallmark
JJV in script and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Jacobus Johannes Vos , Cape Colony 1860 c.
JJV in script and English pseudo-hallmarks
Jacobus Johannes Vos,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Willem Godfried Vos and Josina Maria Endrina de Villiers. Born at the Cape in 1834. Died 19 October 1861
Cape Colony 1860 c. hallmark
JK in script mark, John Kinselagh, Cork c. 1805 JK in script mark, John Kinselagh, Cork c. 1805
JK in script
John Kinselagh,
Cork c. 1805 hallmark
J.K into a quatrefoil mark, John Kilpatrick, London 1883
J.K into a quatrefoil
John Kilpatrick,
London 1883 hallmark
J.K.B mark, Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd -James Kebberling Bembridge-, Sheffield 1890
J.K.B
Hawksworth, Eyre & Co Ltd -James Kebberling Bembridge-,
Sheffield 1890 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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