HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: CM - CS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
C.M mark, Charles Marsh, Dublin 1829 CM mark, Charles Marsh, Dublin 1819
CM into a rectangle or C.M into a rectangle
Charles Marsh,
Dublin 1829 hallmark



Dublin 1819 hallmark
CM into an oval mark, Charles Marsh, London 1899
CM into an oval
Charles Leopold Maas trading as Charles Maas & Co,
1a Aldermanbury Avenue, London
London 1899 hallmark
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS"
CM into a rectangle mark, Charles May, London 1946
CM into a rectangle
Charles May,
London 1946 hallmark
C.M into a thin rectangle mark, Charles Maas, London 1884
C.M into a thin rectangle
Charles Maas
Charles Maas in partnership with Marcus Maas traded as Charles Maas & Co at 13 Crescent, London. See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
London 1884 hallmark
CME mark, not identified, Birmingham import mark 1977
CME
not identified,
Birmingham import mark 1977 hallmark
CNL mark, Christopher Lawrence, London 1969
CNL into a chamfered rectangle
Christopher Lawrence,
London 1969 hallmark
CO under a spoon mark, Stephen Coleman, London 1698
CO under a spoon
Stephen Coleman,
entered 1697
London 1698 hallmark
CO under a device with three dots over two circles and a blossom mark, Robert Cooper, London 1709
CO under a device with three dots over two circles and a blossom
Robert Cooper,
London 1709 hallmark
CO under a fleur de lys mark, Augustine Courtauld, London 1722
CO under a fleur de lys
Augustine Courtauld,
London 1722 hallmark
C.P&Co into two conjioned ovals  mark, Charles Perry & Co , Chester 1929
C.P&Co into two conjoned ovals
Charles Perry & Co ,
Chester 1929 hallmark
CPB mark, Charles Penny Brown, Birmingham 1907 CPB mark, Charles Penny Brown, Birmingham 1907
CPB
Charles Penny Brown,
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
C.P.S. mark, Birmingham 1966
C.P.S.
CPS Jewellery Company Ltd
Vyse Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1966 hallmark
CR  mark, Christian Ker Reid, Newcastle 1815c.
CR
Christian Ker Reid,
Newcastle 1815c. hallmark


REID & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
CR into a rectangle mark, Charles Reeves -possibly-, London 1853
CR into a rectangle
Charles Reeves -possibly-,
entered 1853
London 1853 hallmark
CR mark, Charles Robb , Edinburgh 1822
CR
Charles Robb ,
Edinburgh 1822 hallmark
with M & S mark of the retailer Marshall & Sons
C.R into a rectangle mark, Charles Rawlings, London 1828
C.R into a rectangle
Charles Rawlings,
London 1828 hallmark
C.R.&S into an oblong rectangle mark, C Robathan & Son, London 1962
C.R.&S into an oblong rectangle
C Robathan & Son,
London 1962 hallmark
CR over DR over CR into an oblong curved outline mark, Reid & Sons -Christian Ker Reid, David Reid & Christian Bruce Reid, Newcastle 1841
CR over DR over CR into an oblong curved outline
Reid & Sons -Christian Ker Reid, David Reid & Christian Bruce Reid,
Newcastle 1841 hallmark


REID & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
CR over GS into a quatrefoil mark, Charles Reily &  George Storer, London 1828
CR over GS into a quatrefoil
Charles Reily & George Storer,
London 1828 hallmark
CRICHTON mark, George Crichton, Perth 1856
CRICHTON
George Crichton,
Edinburgh 1856 hallmark
CR over WS  mark, Charles Rawlings &  William Summers, London 1841
CR over WS
Charles Rawlings & William Summers,
London 1841 hallmark
CS into a rectangle mark, Charles Shipway, London 1839
CS into a rectangle
Charles Shipway,
entered 1836
London 1839 hallmark
CS into two conjoined circles mark, Chanty Silversmiths Limited (possibly), London 1975
CS into two conjoined circles
Chantry Silversmiths Limited,
London 1975 hallmark

The Chantry Silversmiths mark was registered on 23 February 1954 by John Harry Richardson and Victor Albert Gondolo. It was registered from the business address of 55 Grays Inn Road, WC1, and the mark was last registered in 1976. A note in the register reveals that the firm was taking over from another firm at the same address, called W. Evans. Chantry Silversmiths is referred to as 'late W. Evans'. The Evans firm had registered their mark in 1950 (information courtesy David Richardson)
CS over & over Hs into a trefoil mark, C.S. Harris & Sons Ltd, London 1908
CS over & over Hs into a trefoil
C.S. Harris & Sons Ltd ,
entered 1904
London 1908 hallmark
CS FS into two separate rectangles mark, Cornelius Saunders &  Frank- Shepherd, London 1898 (courtesy http://www.argentinglesi.com/) CS FS into two separate rectangles mark, Cornelius Saunders &  Frank- Shepherd, Chester 1893
CS FS into two separate rectangles
Cornelius Saunders & Frank Shepherd,
London 1898 hallmark (entered 1888)
Chester 1893 (entered 1887)

Saunders & Sheperd was founded in London by Cornelius Desormeaux Sanders Sr and James Francis Hollings Sheperd (1869). Became Saunders & Sheperd Ltd in 1899 and and Saunders, Sheperd & Co Ltd in 1916. Active at Bartlett's Building-Holborn Circus, London (1873-1902)
CS star FS mark, Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd, London 1910 CS star FS mark, Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd, Birmingham 1898 CS star FS mark, Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd, Chester 1900
CS star FS
Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd,
London 1910 hallmark




Birmingham 1898 hallmark



Chester 1900 hallmark



mark first registered in 1893.
CSG over & Co into a shield  mark, Charles S Green & Co, Birmingham 1957
CSG over &Co into a shield
Charles S Green & Co ,
Birmingham 1957 hallmark

Business established in 1905 by Charles S. Green, son and brother of the managers of Charles Green & Son. He was assisted in the business by his wife Winifred, a talented artist who designed all the firm's early patterns. The firm moved in 1907 to Cogent Works, 54 St.Paul's Square and in 1982 to a new factory at Lionel Street, Birmingham
C.S.H mark, Charles Stuart Harris, London 1893
C.S.H
Charles Stuart Harris,
London 1893 hallmark
CS over H into a trefoil mark, Charles Stuart Harris, London 1892
C.S over H into a trefoil
Charles Stuart Harris,
London 1892 hallmark
C over S Ld into a trefoil mark, Courtman Silver Ltd, London 2002
C over S Ld into a trefoil
Courtman Silver Ltd,
London 2002 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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