HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: JB - JC
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JB into two conjoined circles mark, James Beebe, London 1826
JB into two conjoined circles
James Beebe,
London 1826 hallmark
JB into an indented oval mark, James Barber, York 1851
JB into an indented oval
James Barber,
York 1851 hallmark
JB mark, James Beebe, London 1843
JB
James Beebe,
London 1843 hallmark
JB into two conjoined circles mark, Joseph Braham, London 1886
JB into an oval
Joseph Braham,
active 1875-1920 at 3 Pulteney Street, Golden Square, Soho later Rupert Street, Leicester Square and Gerrard Street, Soho - London
London 1886 hallmark
JB into two conjoined circles mark, John Biggin and John Biggin Ltd , Sheffield 1908 JB into two conjoined circles mark, John Biggin and John Biggin Ltd , Sheffield 1908
JB into two conjoined circles
John Biggin and John Biggin Ltd ,
Sheffield 1908 hallmark
JB into a cut corner rectangle  mark, Henry Wilkinson & Co -John Brashier-, London 1881
JB into a cut corner rectangle
Henry Wilkinson & Co -John Brashier-,
a well known Sheffield firm. Origin as J. Winter c. 1760.
Chronology: Henry Wilkinson & Co (1830), Henry Wilkinson & Co Ltd (1872). The firm was acquired by Walker & Hall in 1892.
London 1881 hallmark
HENRY WILKINSON HISTORY AND INFORMATION PAGE
JB into a chamfered rectangle  mark, Jane Brownett (entered 1868) or John Batson (entered 1874), London 1883
JB into a chamfered rectangle
Jane Brownett (entered 1868) or John Batson (entered 1874),

London 1883 hallmark
JB into a shield mark, J. Bartlett, Birmingham 1920
JB into a shield
J. Bartlett,
Birmingham 1920 hallmark
JB into a lobed contour mark, not identified, London 1987
JB into a lobed contour
not identified,
London 1987 hallmark
J.B  mark, Jan Beyleveld, Cape Colony 1820 c.
J.B
(Jan) Johannes Hendricus Beyleveld,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Baptized at the Cape on 13 June 1792. The son of Marthinus Beyleveld of Amsterdam and Abigael Johanna Combrink. Married Magdalene Christina Bam, niece of silversmith Johannes Andries Bam. His sister Johanna Cornelia married silversmith Dominique Boudin. Activity as silversmith is documented from 1814 to 1827
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
J.B into an oval mark, John Batt, Sheffield 1901
J.B into an oval
John Batt,
20 Cambridge Street, Sheffield, entered 1880
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
J.B into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, James Bowman, Edinburgh 1921
J.B into an oblong chamfered rectangle
James Bowman,
Leith (Edinburgh), entered c. 1903/1916
Edinburgh 1921 hallmark
J.B. & Co. mark, J Boseck & Co, Birmingham 1912
J.B&Co
J Boseck & Co ,
possibly an Anglo-Indian firm still active in Kolkata (India)
Birmingham 1912 hallmark
J.B. & S. mark, J Blond & Son  or  Ballantyne &  Son , Glasgow 1883
J.B. & S.
J Blond & Son or Ballantyne & Son ,
Glasgow 1883 hallmark
JBC into a quatrefoil mark, Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-, London 1897 JBC into a quatrefoil mark, Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-, London 1897 JBC into a quatrefoil mark, Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-, Birmingham 1903
JBC into a quatrefoil
Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-,
A business founded by John Carrington (1873-1880). The firm became Carrington & Co (1880-1922) and Carrington & Co Ltd from 1922.The firm was active at 130 Regent Street, London where it acted also as London Showroom of G.R. Collis & Co, manufacturing silversmiths and electroplaters of Birmingham
London 1897 hallmark
Birmingham 1903 hallmark
JBC & S mark, J B Chatterley & Sons Ltd , Birmingham 1977
JBC &S into a rectangle
J B Chatterley & Sons Ltd ,
Birmingham 1977 hallmark
JBC over & S over Ld into a shield mark, JB Chatterley &  Sons Ltd, Birmingham 1970 JBC over & S over Ld into a shield mark, JB Chatterley &a  Sons Ltd, London 1935 JBC over & S over Ld into a shield mark, JB Chatterley &a  Sons Ltd, Sheffield 1969
JBC over &S over Ld into a shield
JB Chatterley & Sons Ltd,
Birmingham 1970 hallmark



London 1935 hallmark


Sheffield 1969 hallmark
JB over EB into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph & Edward Bradbury -Thomas Bradbury & Sons-, London 1873
JB over EB into a quatrefoil
Joseph & Edward Bradbury -Thomas Bradbury & Sons-,
London 1873 hallmark
JBH into a rectangle mark, James Barclay Hennell, London 1885
JBH into a rectangle
James Barclay Hennell,
entered 1877
London 1885 hallmark
JB Ld into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, J. Bennett & Co -possibly-, London 1921 JB Ld into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, J. Bennett & Co -possibly-, London 1921
JB Ld into an oblong chamfered rectangle
J. Bennett & Co -possibly-,
London 1921 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
JB Ld   mark, John Bull Ltd, London 2002 + Queen's Jubilee JB Ld mark, John Bull Ltd, Sheffield 1992 - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium JB Ld   mark, John Bull Ltd, Birmingham 2002 + Queen's Jubilee
JB Ld into a chamfered rectangle
John Bull Ltd
139a New Bond St. London.
A family run business established in May 1953. The company now has three generations working together on a daily basis
London 2002 + Queen's Jubilee hallmark

Sheffield 1992 hallmark

Birmingham 2002 hallmark
JB over WN into a rectangle mark, James Barber & William North, York 1841
JB over WN into a rectangle
James Barber & William North,
York 1841 hallmark
JB over WW into a rectangle mark, James Barber & William Whitwell, York 1830
JB over WW into a rectangle
James Barber & William Whitwell,
York 1830 hallmark
JC into a rectangle mark, John Corfield, Birmingham 1820
JC into a rectangle
John Corfield,
mark entered in 1807
Birmingham 1820 hallmark
JC mark, John Crouch , London 1812
JC
John Crouch,
London 1812 hallmark
JC mark, John Clarke or John Coakley or John Clifton or James Critchley, Chester 1829
JC
John Clarke or John Coakley or John Clifton or James Critchley,
Chester 1829 hallmark
JC mark, John Chisholm -possibly-, Glasgow 1836
JC
John Chisholm -possibly-,
Glasgow 1836 hallmark
J.C mark, James Crichton, Glasgow 1858
J.C
James Crichton

Glasgow 1858 hallmark
J.C mark, J. Crichton & Co - possibly - , Edinburgh 1894
J.C
J. Crichton & Co - possibly -
Edinburgh 1894 hallmark
J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Clifford (possibly), Birmingham 1909 J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Clifford (possibly), Birmingham 1909
J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle
John Clifford (possibly)
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
J.C into two conjoined lozenges mark, Joseph Cutler, Chester 1938
J.C into two conjoined lozenges
Joseph Cutler
entered 1931
118 Howard Street, Glasgow
Chester 1938 hallmark
J.C&S  mark, Joseph Cook & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1905
J.C&S
Joseph Cook & Son Ltd
Hiberian Works, Livery Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
JCA into an oval mark, not identified, London 2001
JCA into an oval
not identified
London 2001 hallmark
J.C.E mark, James Charles Edington , London 1838
J.C.E
James Charles Edington
London 1838 hallmark
J C above L into a trefoil  mark, not identified, London 1938
J C above L into a trefoil
not identified,
London 1938 hallmark
J.C Ltd into three conjoined circles mark, J Collyer Ltd, Birmingham 1947
J.C Ltd into three conjoined circles
J Collyer Ltd,
Birmingham 1947 hallmark
JC over NC into a quatrefoil mark, James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-, London 1853 JC over NC into a quatrefoil mark, James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-, London 1853
JC over NC into a quatrefoiltd into three conjoined circles
James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-,
London 1853 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.C.S  mark, John Crane Salt, London 1866
J.C.S
John Crane Salt
mark entered 1865
London 1866 hallmark
J.C.V Ltd  mark, John Collard Vickery, London 1924
J.C.V
John Collard Vickery
London 1924 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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