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HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: TH - TN
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
TH in script mark, Thomas Heming, London 1761
TH in script
Thomas Heming,
apprenticed to Edmund Boddington (1738), free 1746. Died between 1795/1801
London 1761 hallmark
TH mark, Thomas Hall and others, London 1799 TH mark, Thomas Hall amd others, London 1799
TH
Thomas Hall: entered 1770- Thomas Hallows: entered 1771
Thomas Hyde: entered 1784- Thomas Hodge; entered 1787-
Thomas Harper I: entered 1790- Thomas Hobbs: entered 1796-
Thomas Holland II: entered 1798-
,
London 1799 hallmark
T.H into an oval mark, T Heatley , Birmingham 1911
T.H into an oval
T Heatley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
T.H into an oval mark, Thomas Heasley, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart
T.H into an oval
Thomas Heasley
138 Suffolk Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1901 T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1902 T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1902
T.H into a lozenge
Theodor Hartmann
St. Martin's House, 1 Gresham Street and later 14 Paternoster Row, London. Agent importer of item manufactured by the firm of K. Kurz of Kesselstadt, Germany
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
London 1902 hallmark
T.H (also into a heart) mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897 T.H into a heart) mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1903
T.H (also into a heart)
Thomas Hayes,
21 Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1897 hallmark



Birmingham 1903 hallmark
T.H into a rectangle mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897 T.H into a rectangle mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897
T.H into a rectangle
Thomas Hayes,
21 Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
TH over GH into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas & George Hayter, London 1822 TH over GH into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas & George Hayter, London 1822
TH over GH into a quatrefoil
Thomas & George Hayter,
entered 1816
London 1822 hallmark
THH mark, T.H. Hazlewood & Co, Birmingham 1910
THH
T.H. Hazlewood & Co
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills, London 1764
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil
Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills
London 1764 hallmark
TI over NC  mark, Creswick & Co -Thomas, James & Nathaniel Creswick- , Sheffield 1834
TI over NC
Creswick & Co -Thomas, James & Nathaniel Creswick- ,
Sheffield 1834 hallmark
TJ mark, Thomas Johnson I, London 1857
TJ
Thomas Johnson I ,
London 1857 hallmark
T.J mark, Thomas Jenkinson , London 1812
T.J
Thomas Jenkinson ,
London 1812 hallmark
TL mark, Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-, Sheffield 1898 T.L mark, Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-, Sheffield 1906
TL or T.L into a rectangle
Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-,
Central Works, Mary Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1898 hallmark



Sheffield 1906 hallmark
TM into a rectangle mark, Thomas Merry II, London 1837
TM into a rectangle
Thomas Merry II,
entered 1831
London 1837 hallmark
TM under an asterisk into a rectangle mark, Thomas Mann, London 1737
TM under an asterisk into a rectanglee
Thomas Mann,
entered 1736
London 1737 hallmark
TM into a cut corners rectangle mark, Thomas Marples, Sheffield 1868
TM into a cut corners rectangle
Thomas Marples ,
Sheffield 1868 hallmark
T.M into a shield, two pellet over and below mark, Thomas Mason, London 1733
T.M into a shield, two pellet over and below
Thomas Mason,
mark entered in 1733
London 1733 hallmark
T.M mark, Thomas Marples, Sheffield 1895
T.M into a cut corners rectangle
Thomas Marples ,
Sheffield 1895 hallmark
T.M into a sort of shield mark, not identified, Sheffield 1861
T.M into a sort of shield
not identified,
Sheffield 1861 hallmark
TN mark, Thomas Northcote , London 1796
TN
Thomas Northcote,
London 1796 hallmark
Thomas Northcote was a specialist spoon and fork maker and was apprenticed to Charles Hutton between 1766 and 1771. He entered his first mark (TN) on 20th August 1776 following five years in the workshops of Thomas Chawner. For a brief period in the mid-1790's he worked in partnership with George Bourne (TN/GB), before once again working on his own account. He is particularly noted for the fine quality forks that bear his mark and was probably a specialist in this craft (forks were more difficult to make than spoons). He died in 1798 aged forty nine leaving his widow, Hannah, to continue the business.
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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