HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: TH - TN
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
TH in script mark, Thomas Heming, London 1761
TH in script
Thomas Heming,
apprenticed to Edmund Boddington (1738), free 1746. Died between 1795/1801
London 1761 hallmark
TH mark, Thomas Hall and others, London 1799 TH mark, Thomas Hall amd others, London 1799
TH
Thomas Hall: entered 1770- Thomas Hallows: entered 1771
Thomas Hyde: entered 1784- Thomas Hodge; entered 1787-
Thomas Harper I: entered 1790- Thomas Hobbs: entered 1796-
Thomas Holland II: entered 1798-
,
London 1799 hallmark
T.H into an oval mark, T Heatley , Birmingham 1911
T.H into an oval
T Heatley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
T.H into an oval mark, Thomas Heasley, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart
T.H into an oval
Thomas Heasley
138 Suffolk Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1901 T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1902 T.H into a lozenge mark, Theodor Hartmann, London 1902
T.H into a lozenge
Theodor Hartmann
St. Martin's House, 1 Gresham Street and later 14 Paternoster Row, London. Agent importer of item manufactured by the firm of K. Kurz of Kesselstadt, Germany
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
London 1902 hallmark
T.H (also into a heart) mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897 T.H into a heart) mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1903
T.H (also into a heart)
Thomas Hayes,
21 Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1897 hallmark



Birmingham 1903 hallmark
T.H into a rectangle mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897 T.H into a rectangle mark, Thomas Hayes , Birmingham 1897
T.H into a rectangle
Thomas Hayes,
21 Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
TH over GH into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas & George Hayter, London 1822 TH over GH into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas & George Hayter, London 1822
TH over GH into a quatrefoil
Thomas & George Hayter,
entered 1816
London 1822 hallmark
THH mark, T.H. Hazlewood & Co, Birmingham 1910
THH
T.H. Hazlewood & Co
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills, London 1764
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil
Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills
London 1764 hallmark
TI over NC  mark, Creswick & Co -Thomas, James & Nathaniel Creswick- , Sheffield 1834
TI over NC
Creswick & Co -Thomas, James & Nathaniel Creswick- ,
Sheffield 1834 hallmark
TJ mark, Thomas Johnson I, London 1857
TJ
Thomas Johnson I ,
London 1857 hallmark
T.J mark, Thomas Jenkinson , London 1812
T.J
Thomas Jenkinson ,
London 1812 hallmark
TL mark, Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-, Sheffield 1898 T.L mark, Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-, Sheffield 1906
TL or T.L into a rectangle
Levesley Brothers -Thomas Levesley-,
Central Works, Mary Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1898 hallmark



Sheffield 1906 hallmark
TM into a rectangle mark, Thomas Merry II, London 1837
TM into a rectangle
Thomas Merry II,
entered 1831
London 1837 hallmark
TM under an asterisk into a rectangle mark, Thomas Mann, London 1737
TM under an asterisk into a rectanglee
Thomas Mann,
entered 1736
London 1737 hallmark
TM into a cut corners rectangle mark, Thomas Marples, Sheffield 1868
TM into a cut corners rectangle
Thomas Marples ,
Sheffield 1868 hallmark
T.M into a shield, two pellet over and below mark, Thomas Mason, London 1733
T.M into a shield, two pellet over and below
Thomas Mason,
mark entered in 1733
London 1733 hallmark
T.M mark, Thomas Marples, Sheffield 1895
T.M into a cut corners rectangle
Thomas Marples ,
Sheffield 1895 hallmark
T.M into a sort of shield mark, not identified, Sheffield 1861
T.M into a sort of shield
not identified,
Sheffield 1861 hallmark
TN mark, Thomas Northcote , London 1796
TN
Thomas Northcote,
London 1796 hallmark
Thomas Northcote was a specialist spoon and fork maker and was apprenticed to Charles Hutton between 1766 and 1771. He entered his first mark (TN) on 20th August 1776 following five years in the workshops of Thomas Chawner. For a brief period in the mid-1790's he worked in partnership with George Bourne (TN/GB), before once again working on his own account. He is particularly noted for the fine quality forks that bear his mark and was probably a specialist in this craft (forks were more difficult to make than spoons). He died in 1798 aged forty nine leaving his widow, Hannah, to continue the business.
TO mark, Thomas Oliphant or Ollivant, London 1795
TO
Thomas Oliphant or Ollivant,
Manchester silversmith, overstrucking P & A Bateman mark
London 1795 hallmark
TP in script into an oval mark, Thomas Parr II, London 1751
TP in script into an oval
Thomas Parr II,
Son of Thomas Parr I, free 1733, retired presumably 1773. Mark entered 1739
London 1751 hallmark
TP into an oval mark, Thomas Partis II, Newcastle 1751 TP into an oval mark, Thomas Partis II, Newcastle 1751
TP into an oval
Thomas Partis II,
entered 1749
Newcastle 1751 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
TP into a chamfered rectangle mark, Thomas Pepper II, London 1814
TP into a chamfered rectangle
Thomas Pepper II,
Mark entered 1809
London 1814 hallmark
TP into a shaped contour mark, not identified, Birmingham 2000
TP into a shaped contour
not identified
Birmingham 2000 hallmark
T.P into a rectangle  mark, Thomas Pepper I, London 1796
T.P into a rectangle
Thomas Pepper I
entered 1767
London 1796 hallmark
T.P into an oval mark, Thomas Pratt, London 1883 T.P into an oval mark, Thomas Pratt, London 1883
T.P into an oval
Thomas Pratt,
London 1883 hallmark
TP over ER into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Phipps &  Edward Robinson , London 1802
TP over ER into a quatrefoil
Thomas Phipps & Edward Robinson,
London 1802 hallmark
TP  &S mark, Thomas Prime & Son , Birmingham 1875
TP & S
Thomas Prime & Son ,
Birmingham 1875 hallmark
T.P.H without contour mark, The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-, Chester 1894 T.P.H without contour mark, The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-, Chester 1894
T.P.H without contour
The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-,
entered c. 1892
Prescot, Lancashire
Chester 1894 hallmark
T.P.R. &  CO, T.P.R. &  CO, Bombay (INDIA), c. 1890 - photo courtesy Chris Robak -
T.P.R. & CO


T.P.R. & CO
Bombay (INDIA), c. 1890 hallmark
TP  &S mark, Thomas Prime & Son , Birmingham 1875
TP & S
Thomas Prime & Son ,
Birmingham 1875 hallmark
TR in script into two circles mark, Thomas Robins, London 1809
TR in script into two circles
Thomas Robins,
London 1809 hallmark
TR into two conjoined circles mark, Thomas Reeves, Chester 1909
TR into two conjoined circles
Thomas Reeves,
105 Vyse Street, Birmingham. Mark entered in 1907
Chester 1909 hallmark
T.R into a curved outline mark, Thomas Roberts, London 1729
T.R into a curved outline
Thomas Roberts,
Mark entered 1720
London 1729 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T.R mark, Thomas Richards, London 1813
T.R
Thomas Richards,
London 1813 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T.R&S mark, Thomas Ross & Sons, Glasgow 1901
T.R&S
Thomas Ross & Sons,
Glasgow 1901 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T over R.G over C into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Cooke II & Richard Gurney or Richard Gurney & Co, London 1752
T over R.G over C into a quatrefoil
Thomas Cooke II & Richard Gurney or Richard Gurney & Co,
entered 1727
London 1752 hallmark
TS into an oval mark, Thomas Streetin, London 1810
TS into an oval
Thomas Streetin ,
London 1810 hallmark
TS mark, Thomas Shaw , London 1836 TS mark, Thomas Shaw , London 1836
TS
Thomas Shaw ,
Birmingham 1836 hallmark
TS mark, Thomas Sansom, Sheffield 1830
TS
Thomas Sansom,
Sheffield 1830 hallmark
T.S mark, Thomas Shepherd, London 1781
T.S
Thomas Shepherd,
London 1781 hallmark
T.S into two conjoined circles mark, Thomas Smily , London 1866
T.S into two conjoined circles
Thomas Smily ,
London 1866 hallmark
TS over TM into a square mark, Timothy Smith & Thomas Merryweather, London 1824
TS over TM into a square
Timothy Smith & Thomas Merryweather,
entered 1824
London 1824 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
TS over WS over HH mark, Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater -Alfred Thomas Slater, Walter Brindley Slater & Henry Arthur Holland-, London 1899
TS over WS over HH
Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater -Alfred Thomas Slater, Walter Brindley Slater & Henry Arthur Holland- ,
London 1899 hallmark
T.T mark, Thomas Townsend, Dublin 1817
T.T
Thomas Townsend,
Dublin 1817 hallmark
T.T over & Co into a square mark, Thomas Turner & Co, Sheffield 1933
T.T over & Co into a square
Thomas Turner & Co,
Sheffield 1933 hallmark
Thomas Wallis mark, London 1793
TW in script
Thomas Wallis II,
Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell
London 1793 hallmark
....MORE....
TW mark, Thomas Wallis I, London 1777
TW
Thomas Wallis I,
London 1777 hallmark
....MORE....
TW mark, Thomas Watson, Newcastle 1802
TW
Thomas Watson,
Newcastle 1802 hallmark
TW mark, Thomas Wheatley, Newcastle 1837
TW
Thomas Wheatley,
Newcastle 1837 hallmark
TW in script mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1755 TW in script mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1755
TW in script
Thomas Whipham
London 1755 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
TW mark, Thomas Whitaker  -entered 1841- Thomas Wimbush  -entered 1846- Thomas Wells  -entered 1849- Thomas Whitehouse -entered 1850-, London 1852
TW
Thomas Whitaker -entered 1841-
Thomas Wimbush -entered 1846-
Thomas Wells -entered 1849-
Thomas Whitehouse -entered 1850-,
London 1852 hallmark
T.W into a rectangle under a star mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1741
T.W into a rectangle under a star
Thomas Whipham
entered 1737
London 1741 hallmark
T.W mark, Thomas Wallis I, London 1776
T.W into a rectangle
Thomas Wallis I,
entered 1758
London 1776 hallmark....MORE....
T.W mark, Thomas Whitehouse, London 1867
T.W
Thomas Whitehouse,
London 1867 hallmark
T.W mark,T. Wooley, Birmingham 1911
T.W
T Wooley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
T.W over & Co over Ltd into a shield mark, Travis, Wilson & Co Ltd , Sheffield 1946
T.W over & Co over Ltd into a shield
Travis, Wilson & Co Ltd ,
Sheffield 1946 hallmark
T.W&S into an oblong rectangle mark, not identified, Birmingham 1887
T.W&S into an oblong rectangle
not identified,
possibly T. Willis & Son(s), 65 Northampton St, Birmingham
Birmingham 1887 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T over WC over C into a quatrefoil mark,Thomas & William Chawner (possibly), London 1758
T over WC over C into a quatrefoil
Thomas & William Chawner (possibly),
London 1758 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
T.W.D. into three conjoined circles mark, Thomas William Dee, London 1865
T.W.D. into three conjoined circles
Thomas William Dee,
firm established in 1827 by John William Dee & John Fargues,
mark entered in 1862
London 1865 hallmark
T.W.D into a six sides polygon  mark, Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson-, London 1888
T.W.D into a six sides polygon
Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson-,
mark entered in 1886
London 1888 hallmark
TW over D over HH into a quatrefoil mark, Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson & Henry Holmes Dobson-, London 1885
TW over D over HH into a quatrefoil
Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson & Henry Holmes Dobson-,
mark entered in 1877
London 1885 hallmark
TW over JH mark, Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne, London 1811
TW over JH
Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne,
London 1811 hallmark
....MORE....
T.W.L into a rectangle mark, Thomas William Lack, London 1937
T.W.L into a rectangle
Thomas William Lack,
London 1937 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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