ENGLISH SILVER HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
THE DIRECTORY OF MAKER'S MARKS
WT - ZZ

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



WT into two circles (William Townsend [ D ]) mid 18th c.
WT and two pellets into a quatrefoil (William Toone [ L ]) 18th c./1st half
WT (Walter Thornhill [ L ] )
WT (William Twemlow [ C ]) end 18th c.
WT in script (William Turner [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
WT (William Turton [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
WT (William Turner [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
WT into a rectangle (William Tanner or William Troby [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
WT into a rectangle (William Traies [ L ] ) entered 1824
W 'star' T (William Thorneywork [ B ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.T (William Thompson [ D ]) end 18th c.
W.T into a chamfered rectangle (William Traies [ L ]) entered 1823
W.T into a chamfered rectangle (William Theobalds [ L ]) entered 1841
W.T into a shield (W Turner [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W.T (William Turton [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
W.T into a chamfered rectangle (Walter Trickett [ S ] ) entered 1894
W over TC over C (Thomas & William Chawner [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half



WT over LB (William Theobalds & Lockington Bunn [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
WT over RA (William Theobalds & Robert Metcalfe Atkinson [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
W.T.S (W T Staniforth [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
W.T.T & Co (W T Toghill & Co [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W.T.W into three circles (W T Wiseman [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W over T.W over W (Thomas Whipham & William Williams [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
WV (William Vincent [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.V & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle (William Vale & Sons [ B ][ C ][ S ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WV NB and English Lion passant (William Norris Venning [CANADA]) 1813-1871
WW into a trefoil (William Williamson [ D ]) 18th c./1st half
WW (William Woodward [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
WW (William Ward [ D ]) end 18th c.
WW (William Welch, junior [ EX ]) beginning 19th c.
WW (gothic) (William Woodman [ EX ] ) 19th c./1st half
WW into a rectangle (William Woodman [ EX ] ) 19th c./1st half
W.W into a heart (William Williams [ B ]) beginning 20th c.
W.W in script (Walter H Willson Ltd [ L ]) 20th c./2nd half

W.W into a rectangle (William Welch Sr. [ PLYMOUTH ] ) 19th c./1st half
W.W (William Ward [ D ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.W (William Weston or William Williams II [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
W.W in script (W H Wilson Ltd -William Wilson- [ L ]) 20th c./1st half
W.W (William Withers [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.W into two conjoined circles (White & Sons [ S ]) 20th c./2nd half
WW in script under & into a trefoil (Wakely & Wheeler [ C ][ D ][ E ][ L ] ) 20th c.
W.W over & over J.H into a quatrefoil (White, Henderson & Co [ S ]) entered 1866
WW & T.B (William Watson & Thomas Bradbury [ S ]) 19th c./1st half
WW over HG into a shield (Watson & Gillott - William Watson & Herbert Gillott [ S ]) entered 1896
W.W (William Withers [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.W over B.T (Johnson, Walker & Tolhurst Ltd -Walter Walker & Brownfield Tolhurst- [ L ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.W.C (William Walter Cashmore [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W.W.C into a chamfered rectangle (William Walter Cashmore [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W.W over F.D into a quatrefoil (William Thomas Wright & Frederick Davies [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.W over H.G into a shield (Watson & Gillott - William Watson & Herbert Gillott [ S ]) end 19th c/beginning 20th c.
W.W.G over &S into a shield (W.W. Griffith & Son [ B ]) entered 1921
WW over H into a trefoil (W. W. Harrison & Co [ S ]) entered 1866
W over W.S over P in a cross shaped contour (William Shaw II & William Preist [ L ]) entered 1749



W.W.W into an oblong rectangle (William Wrangham Williams [ L ]) entered 1860
WW over WP (William Wilson & William Parkin [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
WY (William Young [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
W.Y (William Yates Ltd [ S ]) 20th c./2nd half
Y&W (Yapp & Woodward -John Yapp & John Woodward-) [ B ] ) mid 19th c.
YB into a rectangle (Yates Brothers [ S ]) 20th c./2nd half
YM into a rectangle (Yorkshire Mint [ B ][ S ]) 20th c./2nd half
Z (John Zeigler [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half
Z.B & S (Zachariah Barraclough & Sons [ B ][ C ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
Z over B& S over Ld into a quatrefoil (Z Barraclough & Sons Ltd [ S ]) 20th c./1st half




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The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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