HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - LIST OF SILVERSMITHS
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF NAMES
THE DIRECTORY NAMES
- B -
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE

SILVERSMITH'S NAME
                - B -

William BAGNALL [ L ]
A J BAILEY [ B ]
A J BAILEY & Son [ B ]
Henry BAILEY -possibly- [ L ]
Elizabeth BAINBRIDGE [ D ]
J William Caldicott - E BAKER & Son [ C ]
Albert BAKER & Co Ltd [B][L]
David Jellicoe BAKER [ L ]
E. BAKER & Son [ B ]
William Bateman II & Daniel BALL [ L ]
BALLANTINE & Son [ G ]
John Millward BANKS [ B ][ C ][ L ]
James BARBER [ Y ]
James BARBER & William North [ Y ]
James BARBER & William Whitwell [ Y ]
James BARBER, George Cattle II & William North [Y ]
BARKER BROTHERS [B]
BARKER BROS Ltd [B][C][S]
BARKER Bros [C][S]
Christopher & Thomas Wilkes BARKER [L]
BARKER ELLIS [ B ][ S ]
Herbert Edward BARKER & Frank Ernest BARKER [C][S]
Thomas Wilkes BARKER [ L ]
Thomas Wilkes BARKER [ L ]
Benjamin BARLING [L]
Edwin BARLING & William BARLING [ L ]
Edward, Edward Jnr., John and W. BARNARD [ L ]
Edward BARNARD & Sons [ L ]
Edward BARNARD & Sons Ltd [ L ]
Edward and John BARNARD [ L ]
Edward and John BARNARD [ B ][ L ]
John, Edward, Walter & John BARNARD (Barnard & Sons) [ L ]
Walter, John, Michael, Stanley BARNARD [ L ]
Walter, John, Michael, Stanley BARNARD & Robert Dubock [ L ]
Joseph BARNARD [ L ]
Walter & John BARNARD [ L ]
Henry Joseph BARNET [ B ][ L ]
Edward Souter BARNSLEY [ B ]
E S BARNSLEY & Co Ltd [ B ]
BARR, MOERING & Co [ L ]
Z BARRACLOUGH & Sons -James Henry & Herbert Barraclough- [ L ][ S ]
Zachariah BARRACLOUGH & Sons [ B ][ C ]
James BARRATT [ L ]
Andrew BARRETT & Sons [ B ][ C ]
Andrew BARRETT & Sons [ B ]
William BARRETT II [ L ]
William BARRETT II [ L ]
William BARROTT [ L ]
James Edward BARRY [ S ]
Horatio and George Elliot BARTLETT [ L ]
J. BARTLETT [ B ]
Edward BARTON [ L ]
William BASE & Sons [ B ]
Hester BATEMAN [ L ]
Peter &Anne BATEMAN [ L ]
Peter Anne and William BATEMAN [ L ]
Peter & William BATEMAN [ L ]
William BATEMAN [ L ]
William BATEMAN II [ L ]
William BATEMAN II & Daniel Ball [ L ]
John BATSON [ L ]
John BATT [ S ]


Richard BEALE [ L ]
A. BEARDSHAW & Co [ S]
C H BEATSON [S]
C H BEATSON [S]
James BEATTIE [ L ]
Lodewyk BECK [CAPE]
Lodewyk BECK [CAPE]
George BEDINGHAM [ L ]
James BEEBE [ L ]
James BEEBE [ L ]
Daniel BEETS [CAPE]
Samuel Roberts & Charles BELK - Roberts & Belk [ B ][ L ][ S ]
Edmund BELL [ S ]
Joseph BELL II [ L ]
James Kebberling BEMBRIDGE [S]
BENDALL Brothers -Gordon, Henry & David Bendall- [ B ]
Fanny BENJAMIN [ L ]
Edmund BENNETT [ L ]
J. BENNETT & Co -possibly- [ L ]
William BENNETT [ L ]
Adrian Gerald BENNEY [ L ]
James William BENSON [ L ]
W BENSON Ltd [ L ]
J. BERENGER [ L ]
Geraldine von BETHMANN-HOLLWEG [ L ]
George BETJENMANN & SONS [ L ]
John BETTRIDGE [ B ]
BEWLAY & Co Ltd [L]
Jan BEYLEVELD [CAPE]
George Turner & Thomas William BIDDELL [L]
John BIGGIN [ S ]
John BIGGIN Ltd [ S ]
Samuel BIGGIN & Son [ S ]
John Edward BINGHAM -Walker & Hall- [ L ][ S ]
BIRCH & GAYDON [L])
Walter BIRD -possibly- [ G ]
Amanda BIRKETT [L]
William Manton known as BIRMINGHAM GOLD & SILVERSMITHS Ltd [ B ]


BIRMINGHAM GUILD OF HANDICRAFT Ltd [B]
BIRMINGHAM MEDAL Co [ B ]
BIRMINGHAM MINT [ B ]
Thomas BISHTON [ B ]
BISHTON'S Ltd [ B ][ S ]
BISHTON & FLETCHER [ B ][ C ]
John BLADES [ L ]
John BLAKE [ L ]
Sarah & John William BLAKE [ L ]
Sarah & John William BLAKE [ L ]
Thomas BLAKE [ L ]
S. BLANCKENSEE & Son Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ][ S ]
S. BLANCKENSEE & Son Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ][ S ]
S. BLANCKENSEE & Son Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ]
Cornelius BLAND [L]
J BLOND & Son [ G ]
Louis BLUMFELD trading as Adolph Frankau & Co Ltd [ B ][ L ]
BOARDMAN, GLOSSOP & Co Ltd [ B ]
Michael Allen BOLTON [ L ]
Norah Caroline BOLTON [ L ]
William BOND & James Phipps I [ L ]
BOODLE & DUNTHORNE [ B ][ S ][ L ]
George BOOT [ B ]
William BOOT [ B ]
George BOOTS [ABERDEEN]
BOOTS PURE DRUG COMPANY [ B ][ C ]
BOOTS PURE DRUG COMPANY [ B ]
J BOSECK & Co [ B ]
Samuel Godbehere, Edward Wigan & James BOULT [ L ]
Matthew BOULTON [ B ]
Henry BOURNE [ B ]
George BOWER [ L ]
James BOWMAN [ E ]
John BOYER [ L ]
Charles BOYTON I [ L ]
Charles BOYTON I [ L ]
Charles BOYTON II [L]
Charles BOYTON II [L]
Charles BOYTON & Son [L]
Charles BOYTON [L]
Charles BOYTON & Son Ltd [L]


Joseph & Edward BRADBURY -Thomas Bradbury & Sons- [ L ]
Thomas BRADBURY & Sons [ L ]
Thomas BRADBURY & Sons [ S ]
Thomas BRADBURY & Sons [ L ][ S ]
Thomas BRADBURY & Sons Ltd [ S ]
Thomas BRADBURY III & John S HENDERSON [ L ][ S ]
T & J BRAGG Ltd [ B ]
E F BRAHAM [ B ] )
Joseph BRAHAM [ L ] )
Henry Wilkinson & Co -John BRASHIER- [ L ]
George BRASIER [ L ]
Frederick BRASTED [ L ]
BRAVINGTONS Ltd [ B ][ L ][ S ]
L.F. BRENNER & Co [ L ]
John BRENT [ L ]
Moses BRENT [ L ]
BRIDDON Brothers -possibly-[S])
David BRIDGE [L]
William BRIGGS & Co [ B ][S ]
Walter BRIND [L ]
BRITISH AIRWAYS [B]
Richard BRITTON [ L ]
BRITTON, GOULD & Co [ B ]
BROADWAY and Co [B][L][S]
A BROMET & Co [B]
BROOK & Son [ E ][ S ]
BROOKES & CROOKES - John Brookes & Thomas Crookes [ S ]
Charles Penny BROWN [ B ]
Edward Charles BROWN -Richards & Brown- [ L ]
Abraham BROWNETT [ L ]
Jane BROWNETT [ L ]
William BRUFORD & Son Ltd [ L ]
John Eldershaw BRUNT [L]
G BRYAN & Co [ B ]
Edwin Thomson BRYANT [ L ]
BSE Products [ L ]
Sotirio BULGARI [ B ]
John BULL Ltd [ B ][ L ][ S ]
John BUNN [ L ]
Richard BURBRIDGE [ C ][ D ][ S ]
Richard Woodman BURBRIDGE -Harrods Ltd- [B][L][S]
Frederick Augustus BURRIDGE [ L ]
Alice and George BURROWS [ L ]
Charles Turman BURROWS -C T Burrows & Sons- [ B ]
George BURROWS [ L ]
George BURROWS II [ L ]
John Reginald BURROWS [B ] )
Richard PIERCE & George BURROWS [ L ]
William BURWASH [ L ]
Herbert BUSHELL & Son Ltd [ B ]
J E BUSHELL [ B ]
George BUTLER & Co [ S ]
Thomas BYNE (possibly) [ EX ]



HISTORY, INFORMATION AND MARKS OF FAMOUS BRITISH SILVERSMITS






|DUTY MARKS|    |LEOPARD'S HEAD|    |LONDON MARKS|    |WOMEN SILVERSMITHS|    |PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |IMPORT MARKS|    |CONTEMPORARY MARKS|    |JOURNEYMAN MARKS|    |HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS|    |OLD ADVERTISEMENTS|    |FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES|    |ARTICLES ON ENGLISH SILVER|   


The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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