HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
TB mark, Thomas Bishton, Birmingham 1907
TB
Thomas Bishton,
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
TB mark, Thomas Wilkes Barker, London 1806
TB
Thomas Wilkes Barker,
London 1806 hallmark
TB&S mark, Thomas Bradbury and Sons, Sheffield 1931
TB over &S into a shield
Thomas Bradbury and Sons,
Sheffield 1931 hallmark
TB over JH mark, Thomas Bradbury & Sons (Thomas Bradbury III & John S Henderson), London 1883
TB over JH into a shield
Thomas Bradbury & Sons
(Thomas Bradbury III & John S Henderson)
,
London 1883 hallmark
TD mark, Thomas Daniel , London 1775
TD
Thomas Daniel,
London 1775 hallmark
TF mark, Thomas Farnett (retailed by Law), Dublin 1825
TF
Thomas Farnett (retailed by Law),
Dublin 1825 hallmark
T.H into an oval mark, T Heatley , Birmingham 1911
T.H into an oval
T Heatley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
THH mark, T.H. Hazlewood & Co, Birmingham 1910
THH
T.H. Hazlewood & Co
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills, London 1764
T.H over R.M into a quatrefoil
Thomas Hannam & Richard Mills
London 1764 hallmark
TN mark, Thomas Northcote , London 1796
TN
Thomas Northcote,
London 1796 hallmark
T.W mark,Thomas Wallis I, London 1769
T.W
Thomas Wallis I,
London 1769 hallmark
Thomas Wallis mark, London 1793
TW in script
Thomas Wallis,
London 1793 hallmark
T.W mark,T. Wooley, Birmingham 1911
T.W
T Wooley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
TW over JH mark, Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne, London 1811
TW over JH
Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne,
London 1811 hallmark
T&S mark, Turner & Simpson, Birmingham 1940
T&S
Turner & Simpson,
Birmingham 1940 hallmark
T & S mark, Chester 1932
T & S
Chester 1932 hallmark
WB mark, Birmingham 1809 WB mark, William Boot (attributed), Birmingham 1809
WB
William Boot (attributed),
Birmingham 1809 hallmark
W.B mark, William Bateman, London 1825
W.B
William Bateman,
London 1825 hallmark
WB mark, William Bateman II, London 1825
WB
William Bateman II,
London 1838 hallmark
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WB in script mark, William BurwashI, London 1815
WB in script
William Burwash,
London 1815 hallmark
W.B mark, Walter Brind, London 1792
W.B
Walter Brind,
London 1792 hallmark
W.B over Ld into a heart mark, Williams (Birmingham) Ltd, Birmingham 1905
W.B over Ld into a heart
Williams (Birmingham) Ltd,
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
W.C mark, William Chawner, London 1813
W.C
William Chawner,
London 1813 hallmark
WC mark, William Comyns & Sons Ltd, London 1904
W.C
William Comyns & Sons Ltd ,
London 1904 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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