HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: FW
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



F.W into a shaped rectangular contour mark, Fuller White, London 1752
F.W into a shaped rectangular contour
Fuller White
London 1752 hallmark
F.W mark, Francis Webb-Francis Webb Ltd, Birmingham 1933 F.W mark, Francis Webb-Francis Webb Ltd, Birmingham 1933
F.W into a chamfered rectangle
Francis Webb-Francis Webb Ltd
Pencil Case Works, Great Hampton Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1933 hallmark



F.W into an oblong oval mark, Florence Warden, Birmingham 1898 F.W into an oblong oval mark, Florence Warden, Birmingham 1898
F.W into an oblong oval
Florence Warden
2 Turville Road, Handsworth, Birmingham. Mark entered in 1895
Birmingham 1898 hallmark
F.W into a lozenge mark, Frederick Wich, London 1911 (photo courtesy Matthew Cox) F.W into a lozenge mark, Frederick Wich, Birmingham 1911 (photo courtesy Matthew Cox)
F.W into a lozenge
Frederick Wich & Co,
Founded by Frederick Wich (native of Nuremberg, Germany). Became Frederick Wich & Co in the 1890s.
In 1905 the firm had its showroom and works at 79 Great Portland Street, London
London 1911 hallmark




Birmingham 1911 hallmark
The firm retailed silver made by other firms. Both marks are stamped over another silversmith's mark


FW mark, Fredrik Waldek, Cape Colony 1830 c. FW mark, Fredrik Waldek, Cape Colony 1850 c.
FW and English pseudo-hallmarks
Fredrik Waldek,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Born at the Cape. The son of Johannes Waldek of Immenhausen in Hesse-Kassel and Dorothea Florentina Jensen or Jansen of the Cape. He had two brothers, Jacobus Petrus (1815-1837) and Christiaan Isaac (1817-1837) who were also jewellers
Cape Colony 1830 c. hallmark
Cape Colony 1850 c. hallmark




STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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