HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: IC
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



IC into an oval mark, Joseph Cullen, Dublin 1764
IC into an oval
Joseph Cullen,
Dublin 1764 hallmark
IC under a two handled cup mark, James Crawford, Newcastle 1772
IC under a two handled cup
James Crawford ,
Newcastle 1772 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk



IC mark, Johannes Combrink, Cape Colony 1820 c.
IC between two ladders and two shells
Johannes Combrink,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Jan (Johannes) Combrink and Johanna Elizabeth Essler, baptized at the Cape on 3 June 1781. Married Aurelia Wilhelmina Lotter (1807). Died 9 November 1853. His son was silversmith/jeweller Johannes Combrink (baptized 1810, dead in 1873).
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
IC mark, Joseph Craddock, London 1826
IC
Joseph Craddock,
London 1826 hallmark


I:C in script into a trefoil mark, Isaac Cookson, Newcastle 1738
I:C in script into a trefoil
Isaac Cookson,
Newcastle 1738 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
I:C under a rosette into a trefoil mark, John Cafe, London 1744 I:C under a rosette into a trefoil mark, John Cafe, London 1744
I:C under a rosette into a trefoill
John Cafe,
entered 1742
London 1744 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
I.C into rectangle mark, John Cramer, London 1810
I.C into rectangle
John Cramer,
mark entered 1797
London 1810 hallmark



I.C over T.H into an indented square mark, John Crouch I & Thomas Hannam, London 1789
I.C over T.H into an indented square
John Crouch I & Thomas Hannam,
mark entered c. 1771
London 1789 hallmark
IC over WR into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph Craddock & William K. Reid, London 1820
IC over WR into a quatrefoil
Joseph Craddock & William K. Reid,
mark entered 1812
London 1820 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk


STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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