HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: GB
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



G B into a chamfered rectangle mark, George Burrows I, London 1783
G B into a chamfered rectangle
George Burrows I
entered 1769
London 1783 hallmark
G B into a rectangle mark, George Brasier, London 1798
G B into a rectangle
George Brasier
entered 1788
London 1798 hallmark
G B into arectangle mark, George Bower, London 1818
G B into a rectangle
George Bower
entered 1813
London 1818 hallmark
G B into a chamfered rectangle mark, George Bedingham, London import mark 1905 G.B into a chamfered rectangle mark, George Bedingham , London import mark 1901
GB or G.B into a chamfered rectangle
George Bedingham
George Bedingham was firstly quoted in the partnership of George Bedingham and James Edgar Hay under the style Bedingham & Hay at Paternoster House. The partnership was dissolved in 1899 and George Bedingham continued business in his own name. Further mentions of the firm were found in a 1907 illustrated advertising of miniature coach and horses and two decorative boxes, one with portraits of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the other with dancing peasants in the manner of Tenier.... and in 1920 when it was quoted as G. Bedingham & Co, silversmiths, cutlers, etc. George Bedingham registered marks at the London Assay Office in 1899 (two marks), 1901, 1902, 1905 and 1910 (two marks) (from John Culme's Directory of London Silversmiths)- courtesy Les Salvage/ASCAS
London import mark 1905
London import mark 1901
G.B mark, George Boots, Aberdeen 1800-1825
G.B
George Boots
Aberdeen 1800-1825 hallmark
G.B into a chamfered rectangle mark, George Burrows II, London 1823
G.B into a chamfered rectangle
George Burrows II
entered 1821
London 1823 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
G B into two outlines mark, George Boot, Birmingham 1936
G B into two outlines
George Boot
Birmingham 1936 hallmark


G B &a Co into four circles mark, G Bryan & Co , Birmingham 1909 G B &a Co into four circles mark, G Bryan & Co , Birmingham 1909
G B & Co into four circles
G Bryan & Co
Birmingham 1909 hallmark


Birmingham 1944 hallmark
G B over & S into an oval  mark, George Betjenmann & Sons, London 1909
G B over & over SONS into an oval
George Betjenmann & Sons
The firm was founded in 1851 by George Betjenmann and became George Betjenmann & Sons in 1858 (the sons were George William and John). The firm was converted into a Ltd in 1909 and in 1939 was purchased by Puddefoot, Bowers & Simonett Ltd.
London 1909 hallmark (entered 1900)
G B over & S into a shield   mark, not identified, Sheffield 1933
G B over & S into a shield
not identified
Sheffield 1933 hallmark
GBD into an oval mark, Ganneval, Bondier & Donninger, London (import) 1910 GBD into an oval mark, Ganneval, Bondier & Donninger, London (import) 1910
GBD into an oval
Ganneval, Bondier & Donninger
The firm was founded in 1850 in Paris (France)
London (import) 1910 hallmark
G.B.Ld into a double pointed oval  mark, George Butler & Co, Sheffield 1916
G.B.Ld into a double pointed oval
George Butler & Co
The firm was founded in 1681 and in 1922 was active in its Trinity Works in Sheffield with Showroom at 62 Holborn Viaduct, London. George Butler & Co Ltd had a wide range of patterns of stainless, silver plate and sterling silver flatware
Sheffield 1916 hallmark


STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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