HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: F& - FD
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
F & Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Foxall & Co, Birmingham 1850
F & Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Foxall & Co
entered 1850
Birmingham 1850 hallmark
F & F inside an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Finlay & Field, Glasgow 1847
F & F inside an oblong chamfered rectangle
Finlay & Field
Glasgow 1847 hallmark
F & S mark,  F Fattorini & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1908 F & S mark,  F Fattorini & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1919
F & S
F. Fattorini & Son Ltd
Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford
Birmingham 1908 hallmark


Birmingham 1919 hallmark
F & S into a six sides outline mark, Fattorini & Sons, Sheffield 1894
F & S into a six sides outline
Fattorini & Sons
Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford
Sheffield 1894 hallmark
FA under a fleur de lys over a blossom mark, Thomas Farren, London 1712
FA under a fleur de lys over a blossom
Thomas Farren,
London 1712 hallmark
F.A.B into an oval mark, Frederick Augustus Burridge, London 1899  - courtesy Kelvin Alldritt
F.A.B into an oval
Frederick Augustus Burridge,
32 Sekforde Street, Clerkenwell, London, succeeding the business of William Evans
entered 1894
London 1899 hallmark
F.A.E into an oval mark, not identified, Birmingham 1900
F.A.E into an oval
not identified,
Birmingham 1900 hallmark
F.A.F over & Co into a square mark, not identified, Sheffield 1928
F.A.F over & Co into a square
not identified,
Sheffield 1928 hallmark
FB mark, Frederick Brasted, London 1876
FB
Frederick Brasted,
London 1876 hallmark
F.B mark, Fanny Benjamin, London 1876
F.B
Fanny Benjamin
105 Hatton Gardens, London, succeeding to Benjamin & Durlacher
mark entered in 1863, 1864 and 1876
London 1876 hallmark
F.B.M into a rectangle mark, Frederick Bradford McCrea -Army & Navy Co-operative Society Ltd-, London 1889
F.B.M into a rectangle
Frederick Bradford McCrea -Army & Navy Co-operative Society Ltd-
mark entered 1880
London 1889 hallmark
F.Bs over Ltd into a shield mark, Fenton Bros Ltd, Sheffield 1897
F.Bs over Ltd into a shield
Fenton Bros Ltd
South Moor Works, Earl Street, Sheffield
mark entered Nov. 6, 1896
Sheffield 1897 hallmark
F.B.T under a fleur de lys mark, Fanny Benjamin, London 1880 F.B.T under a fleur de lys mark, Fanny Benjamin, London 1880
F.B.T under a fleur de lys
F B Thomas & Co -Francis Boone Thomas-
155 New Bond Street, London
entered 1874
London 1880 hallmark
FC mark, Francis Clark, Birmingham 1839 F.C mark, Francis Clark, Birmingham 1843
FC or F.C into a rectangle
Francis Clark
Birmingham 1839 hallmark


Birmingham 1843 hallmark
FC mark, Frederick Courthope London 1900
FC
Frederick Courthope,
George Frederick Courthope succeeded in 1884 to the business od George Angell at 51 Compton Street, Clerkenwell.
Moved in 1887 to 27 Amwell Street, Clerkenwell. Dead in 1935
London 1900 hallmark
FC mark, Frank Cobb & Co, Sheffield 1931
FC
Frank Cobb & Co Ltd
Sheffield 1931 hallmark
FCA over & Co into a shield  mark, Frederick C. Asman & Co , Sheffield 1921
F.C.A over &Co into a shield
Frederick C. Asman & Co
Sheffield 1921 hallmark
FC over CH into a square mark, Frederick Crockford & Charles Hickson - Mappin Brothers, Sheffield 1887
FC over CH into a square
Frederick Crockford & Charles Hickson - Mappin Brothers,
Baker's Hill, Sheffield and King William Street, London. Mark entered in 1883
Sheffield 1887 hallmark
F.C.R into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, F C Richards, Birmingham 1937
F.C.R into an oblong chamfered rectangle
F C Richards
Birmingham 1937 hallmark entered 1923)
F.D  mark, Frances Douglas, London 1838
F.D
Frances Douglas,
she was the wife of Archibald, who died young (1837), and the mother of Archibald John ( AJD 1864) and Samuel - all of them were silversmiths.
London 1838 hallmark
FD  mark, Frances Douglas, London 1845
FD into a rectangle
Frances Douglas,
London 1845 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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