HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: TO - TS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
TO mark, Thomas Oliphant or Ollivant, London 1795
TO
Thomas Oliphant or Ollivant,
Manchester silversmith, overstrucking P & A Bateman mark
London 1795 hallmark
TP in script into an oval mark, Thomas Parr II, London 1751
TP in script into an oval
Thomas Parr II,
Son of Thomas Parr I, free 1733, retired presumably 1773. Mark entered 1739
London 1751 hallmark
TP into an oval mark, Thomas Partis II, Newcastle 1751 TP into an oval mark, Thomas Partis II, Newcastle 1751
TP into an oval
Thomas Partis II,
entered 1749
Newcastle 1751 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
TP into a chamfered rectangle mark, Thomas Pepper II, London 1814
TP into a chamfered rectangle
Thomas Pepper II,
Mark entered 1809
London 1814 hallmark
TP into a shaped contour mark, not identified, Birmingham 2000
TP into a shaped contour
not identified
Birmingham 2000 hallmark
T.P into a rectangle  mark, Thomas Pepper I, London 1796
T.P into a rectangle
Thomas Pepper I
entered 1767
London 1796 hallmark
T.P into an oval mark, Thomas Pratt, London 1883 T.P into an oval mark, Thomas Pratt, London 1883
T.P into an oval
Thomas Pratt,
London 1883 hallmark
TP over ER into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Phipps &  Edward Robinson , London 1802
TP over ER into a quatrefoil
Thomas Phipps & Edward Robinson,
London 1802 hallmark
T.P.R. &  CO, T.P.R. &  CO, Bombay (INDIA), c. 1890 - photo courtesy Chris Robak -
T.P.R. & CO


T.P.R. & CO
Bombay (INDIA), c. 1890 hallmark
TP  &S mark, Thomas Prime & Son , Birmingham 1875
TP & S
Thomas Prime & Son ,
Birmingham 1875 hallmark
T.P.H without contour mark, The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-, Chester 1894 T.P.H without contour mark, The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-, Chester 1894
T.P.H without contour
The Lancashire Watch Co Ltd -Thomas Peter Hewitt-,
entered c. 1892
Prescot, Lancashire
Chester 1894 hallmark
TR in script into two circles mark, Thomas Robins, London 1809
TR in script into two circles
Thomas Robins,
London 1809 hallmark
TR into two conjoined circles mark, Thomas Reeves, Chester 1909
TR into two conjoined circles
Thomas Reeves,
105 Vyse Street, Birmingham. Mark entered in 1907
Chester 1909 hallmark
T.R into a curved outline mark, Thomas Roberts, London 1729
T.R into a curved outline
Thomas Roberts,
Mark entered 1720
London 1729 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T.R mark, Thomas Richards, London 1813
T.R
Thomas Richards,
London 1813 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T.R&S mark, Thomas Ross & Sons, Glasgow 1901
T.R&S
Thomas Ross & Sons,
Glasgow 1901 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T over R.G over C into a quatrefoil mark, Thomas Cooke II & Richard Gurney or Richard Gurney & Co, London 1752
T over R.G over C into a quatrefoil
Thomas Cooke II & Richard Gurney or Richard Gurney & Co,
entered 1727
London 1752 hallmark
TS into an oval mark, Thomas Streetin, London 1810
TS into an oval
Thomas Streetin ,
London 1810 hallmark
TS mark, Thomas Shaw , London 1836 TS mark, Thomas Shaw , London 1836
TS
Thomas Shaw ,
Birmingham 1836 hallmark
TS mark, Thomas Sansom, Sheffield 1830
TS
Thomas Sansom,
Sheffield 1830 hallmark
T.S mark, Thomas Shepherd, London 1781
T.S
Thomas Shepherd,
London 1781 hallmark
T.S into two conjoined circles mark, Thomas Smily , London 1866
T.S into two conjoined circles
Thomas Smily ,
London 1866 hallmark
SMILY FAMILY: HISTORY AND MARKS
TS over TM into a square mark, Timothy Smith & Thomas Merryweather, London 1824
TS over TM into a square
Timothy Smith & Thomas Merryweather,
entered 1824
London 1824 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
TS over WS over HH mark, Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater -Alfred Thomas Slater, Walter Brindley Slater & Henry Arthur Holland-, London 1899
TS over WS over HH
Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater -Alfred Thomas Slater, Walter Brindley Slater & Henry Arthur Holland- ,
London 1899 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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