HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER DIRECTORY
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MARKS: MA-MZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
  [B] = BIRMINGHAM    [C] = CHESTER  [D] = DUBLIN  [E] = EDINBURGH  [EX] = EXETER  [G] = GLASGOW   
[L] = LONDON  [N] = NEWSCASTLE   [S] = SHEFFIELD   [Y] = YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



M&A (Muirhead & Arthur [ G ] ) 19th c./2nd half
M&B into a shield (Marston & Bayliss [ B ] ) beginning 20th c.
M&B into a pentagon (Morgan & Boon [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&B into an oval (Marples & Beasley [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&C into various outlines (Mackay & Chisholm [ E ] ) 19th c.-20th c./1st half
M&C (Medlock & Craik [ E ] ) mid 20th c.
M&C (Mitchell & Cooper [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&C (Milne & Campbell [ G ] ) mid 18th c./beginning 19th c.
M&CL (M & C Lister Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&Co into a scalloped rectangle (Marples & Co Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&Co (Maple & Co Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&Co into three conjoined circles (Munsey & Co -possibly- [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&Co Ld into three conjoined circles (Munsey & Co Ltd [ B ][ C ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&F (McHattie & Fenwick [ E ] ) beginning 19th c.
M&J into two circles (Marson & Jones [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half



M & L into three squares (Minshull & Latimer [ B ] ) end 19th c/ beginning 20th c.
M&R into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Mitchell & Russell [ E ][ G ] ) 19th c./1st half
M&S (Marshall & Sons [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half
M&S (Mitchell & Son [ G ] ) 19th c./1st half
M&S (Marshall & Sons [ E ] ) 19th c./1st half
M&S over Ltd into a shield (Maxfield & Sons Ltd [ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
M&T (Miller & Thompson [ G ] ) end 19th c.
M&W into an oval (Mappin & Webb Ltd [ B ][ S ] ) end 19th c./20th c.
M&W into a shield (Mappin & Webb [ B ][ S][ L ]) end 19th c.- 20th c.
MA (Mary Ashworth [ N ] ) end 18th c.
MAB (Michael Allan Burton [ L ]) 20th c./2nd half
MARSHALL & SONS (Marshall & Sons [ E ]) entered 1879
MAYER (Joseph Mayer [ EX ]) 19th c./2nd half
M.B (Moses Brent [ L ]) end 18th c/
MB (Matthew Boulton [ B ]) end 18th c/ beginning 19th c.
MB (Mappin Brothers [ S] ) end 19th c.
M.B (Margaret Binley [ L ] ) 18th c/2nd half
M B &Co (Murrle Bennet & Co [ L ] ) beginning 20th c.
M.B I.F into separate squares (Matthew Boulton and John Fothergill [ B ] ) end 18th c.
MB over IF (Matthew Boulton and John Fothergill [ B ] )
M BROS (Mitchell Bros [ B ] ) end 19th c/ beginning 20th c.
M.BROs. or M.BROS (Miller Bros [ B ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
M over BROS into a lozenge (Mappin Brothers [ B ][ C ] ) beginning 20th c.
MC into an oval (Matthew Crawford [ E ] ) beginning 19th c.
MC (Mary Chawner [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
MC into two conjoined circles (not identified [ S ]) 1944
MC into an oval (Matthew Craw [ E ] ) end 18th c./beginning 19th c.
M.C into a rectangle (Mabel Cambage [ E ]) entered 1944
MC&Co (Mackay, Chisholm & Company [ E ]) 19th c./1st half
M over CH into a trefoil (M C Hersey & Son [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
MC over GA into a quatrefoil (Mary Chawner & George W Adams [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
md (not identified [L]) 1986
Md & over Sns into a shield (Maxfield & Sons [ S ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
ME over ME (Morris & Michael Emanuel [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
M.F (Maurice Freeman [ L ] ) end 19th c.
MF into a chamfered rectangle (Maurice Freeman [L]) entered 1902
MF into two conjoined circles (Maurice Freeman [C]) entered 1899
MF (Friedlander & Co -Montague Friedlander- [C]) beginning 20th c.
MF into an exagon (Maurice Flixher [B][C]) beginning 20th c.
MF over & Co (M Fenton & Co [ S] )
MF over RC (Fenton Creswick & Co [ S] )
MG into an oval (Martin Goldstein [ L ] ) 19th c/2nd half
MG into a circle (Malcolm Gray - Ortak Co - [E]) entered c. 1976
M.G into an oblong rectangle (Michael Goldstone - possibly- [E]) 20th c./2nd half
MH (Michael Homer [D] ) 18th c./2nd half
MH into two ovals (Metcalf Hopgood [ L ] ) mid 19th c
MH over & Co into a shield (Martin Hall & Co Ltd [B][S] ) 20th c./1st half
MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil (Martin Hall & Co Ltd [B][S] ) 20th c./1st half
M.J.J (Matthew John Jessop [B]) 20th c./1st half
MK (Michael Keating [D] ) 18th c./2nd half



ML into various shapes (Matthew Linwood [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
MLS between two fleur de lys (Martinus Louren Smith [CAPE] ) 1800 c.
M M and English pseudo-hallmarks (Lodewyk Beck [CAPE] ) 1855 c.
M M & Co into four circles (Mayes, Mills & Co [B]) 20th c./1st half
Mn Wb over & (Mappin & Webb Limited [B][C][D][L] ) 20th c.
M.P (Michael Plummer [ L ] ) end 18th c.
MP (Michael Plummer [L] ) end 18th c.
M R into two circles (Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd [L][S]) 20th c./1st half
M R over CR into a quatrefoil (Mary Ann & Charles Reily [L]) entered 1826
M R over S into a heart (Mary Sibley & Richard Sibley II [L]) 19th c./1st half
M S into an oval (Mary Sumner [L]) 19th c./1st half
M S into an oval (Moses Salkind [L]) beginning 20th c.
M.S (Michael Starkey [L]) 19th c./1st half
M.S (Moses or Morris Salkind [L]) 20th c./1st half
M.S into two conjoined circles (Millicent -Duchess of- Sutherland [B]) 20th c./1st half
MS over ES into circle (Mary & Elizabeth Sumner [L]) 19th c./1st half
MT into a rectangle (Mary Troby [L]) entered 1804
M.T into an oval (Marcus Themans [C]) end 19th c.
MW into a rectangle (Matthew West [D] ) 18th c./2nd half
M W & Co gothic into four squares (Mappin, Webb & Co [ S] ) entered 1864
M W over & Co gothic into a shield (Mappin, Webb & Co [ S] ) entered 1865
M.W & S into an oblong rectangle (Mark Willis & Son Ltd [S]) entered 1904
MW & Ss (M West & Sons [D] ) 18th c./2nd half
MWD in script into a bottle (Wyard Druitt & Co Ltd -Michael W Druitt- [B][L]) 20th c./2nd half
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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