HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER DIRECTORY
SILVER MAKERS MARKS IDENTIFICATION

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MARKS: BA-BZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
  [B] = BIRMINGHAM    [C] = CHESTER  [D] = DUBLIN  [E] = EDINBURGH  [EX] = EXETER  [G] = GLASGOW   
[L] = LONDON  [N] = NEWSCASTLE   [S] = SHEFFIELD   [Y] = YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



B&C (Beddoes & Co [ B ] )20th c./1st half
B&C (Brown & Clark [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
B & C into three octagons (Brookes & Crookes - John Brookes & Thomas Crookes [ S ] ) entered 1893
B&Co (Barking & Co [ B ] )20th c./1st half
B & Co into a rectangle (Bewlay & Co Ltd [L]) entered 1903.
B & Co into an oval (Broadway and Co [B][L][S]) 20th c.
B&D into two conjoined octagons (Boodle & Dunthorne [ B ][ S ][ L ] ) 20th c.
B&F into a rectangle (Bishton & Fletcher [ B ][ C ]) end 19th c.
B&G (Birch & Gaydon [L]) 20th c./1st half
B&H into two conjoined circles (not identified [L]) 1977
B&P (Bent & Parker [ B ] ) 19th c./2nd half
B&S (Betts & Son [ B ] ) 19th c./1st half
B&S into an indented rectangle (Brook & Son [ E ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half
B&S (Bach & Smith [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B&T (Barrett & Thompson [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B&W into a lozenge (Burtons & Waters [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
BA into an oblong exagon (British Airways [B]) 20th c./2nd half
B.A into a rectangle (B. Ainsworth [ C]) 20th c./1st half
BALL&Co into a rectangle (Ball & Co - Ball Brothers [B ][ C ]) end 19th c.
.BB. (Benjamin Brewood II [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
B.B (Barker Brothers [B]) from 1871/20th c.
BB into a rectangle (Benjamin Barling [L]) 19th c./1st half
B.brs into an oval (Briddon Brothers -possibly-[S]) 20th c./1st half
B.B over SLd into a shield (in relief or engraved) (Barker Bros Ltd, now Barker Ellis Co LTD [B][C][S]) from 1871/20th c.
BC (Bernard Cuzner [ B ] )



BC under a crown (Benjamin Godfrey [ L ] ) 18th c./1st half
BC over &N into a square (James Barber, George Cattle II & William North [Y ] ) 19th c./1st half
B.D (Burrage Davenport [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
BD into an oval (Bartholomew W. Delandre -possibly- [ D ] ) 18th c./2nd half
BD into a rectangle (Benjamin Davis [ L ] ) entered 1823
BD (not identified [ S ] ) 2007
B.D.G into a rectangle (Benjamin De Gorter [ L]) beginning 20th c.
BE into a rectangle (Benjamin Elkin [ L ] ) entered 1817
BE over SCo into a shield (Barker Ellis Silver Company [ B ][ S ] ) 20th c./2nd half
BF into two conjoined circles (Benjamin Finnigan [ L]) 19th c./2nd half
B.G into an oval (Bert Gordon [ B ] ) 20th c.
B.G (Benjamin Cartwright II [ L ] )18th c./2nd half
B.G.&Co into an oval (Britton, Gould & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
BG over & over Co Ld into a quatrefoil (Boardman, Glossop & Co Ltd [B][S]) mid 20th c.
B.G Ltd into an oblong rectangle (Birmingham Guild of Handicraft Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B over GH over Ld into a lozenge (Birmingham Guild of Handicraft Ltd [B]) entered 1897
B.H.C & C into an oblong oval (not identified [ B ]) 1942
BHJ into an oblong chamfered rectangle (Barnet Henry Joseph [ B ]) beginning 20th c.
B.H.J into three conjoined polygons (Barnet Henry Joseph [ B ][ L ] ) end 19th c.
B.H.M (Berthold Hermann Muller [ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
BI into an oval (Bernard Inge [ C ]) 20th c./1st half
B.I (Bernard Instone [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B.I&S.A (Birmingham Jewellers & Silversmiths Association [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B.J.K&Co (B J Keyzor & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
Bl Bs (Bendall Brothers -Gordon, Henry & David Bendall- [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B.Ld (Bishton's Ltd [ B ][ S ] ) mid 20th c.
BM into a rectangle (Benjamin Mordecai -possibly- [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
BM (Benjamin May [ B ] ) 18th c./2nd half
BM (Berthold Muller [ L ][ C ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
BM into a rectangle (Birmingham Mint [ B ] ) 20th c./2nd half
BM & Co into a lozenge (Barr, Moering & Co [ L ]) beginning 20th c.
BM Co (Birmingham Medal Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
B.M.L (Boaz Moses Landeck [ C ][ L ] ) 20th c./1st half
BMW (Barry Witmond [ L ] ) 20th c./2nd half
B.M (Benjamin Mountigue [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
BN over a fleur de lys into a heart (Bowles Nash [ L ] ) entered 1721
BN over JN into a square (Benjamin Norton & Joseph Norton [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
BofCLd into a rectangle (Browns of Chester Ltd [ C ]) 20th c./1st half
B.P into an oval (not identified [ B ]) 1953
BP into a rectangle (Benjamin Preston [ L ]) entered 1825
BP&CW (Birmingham Plate & Cutlery Ltd [ B ] ) mid 20th
B P D C into four squares (Boots Pure Drug Company [ B ][ C ] ) 20th c./1st half
B P over D C into a shield (Boots Pure Drug Company [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
bros A ltd (Adie Brothers Ltd [B] [C])20th c.
BRS into three conjoined circles (Bernard Rintel Simmons [ C ]) 20th c./1st half
BS (Benjamin Smith [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
BS into a round shaped contour (Benjamin Smith [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
BS into two conjoined circles (Benoni Stephens [ L ] ) entered 1836
Bs into shield (Bravingtons Ltd [ B ][ L ][ S ] ) 20th c./1st half



B S into circles (Benoni Stephens [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
BS into an oval (Bruce Stevenson [ S ] ) 20th c./2nd half
B.S (Ben Stephenson [ L ] ) 18th c./2nd half
B.S into shield (Barrowclift Silvercraft [ B ] ) 20th c./2nd half
B.(S) (Bishtons Ltd [ B ] ) 20th c./2nd half
BS&Co (B Street & Co [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
BS over BS (Benjamin Smith I & Benjamin Smith II [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
BSEP into an oblong six sides polygon (BSE Products [ L ] ) entered 1974
BS over IS (Benjamin Smith I & James Smith [ L ] ) 19th c./1st half
BT (Benjamin Taitt [ D ] )18th c./2nd half
B.T.G. into an oval (Benjamin Thomas Greening [ C ][ L ]) end 19th c./20th c./1st half
Bu into a square (Nathaniel Bullen [ C ]) end 17th c./beginning 18th c.
BW (Benjamin West [ L ] )18th c./1st half
B WMJS RD into a shield (Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard & Robert Dubock, [ L ]) entered 1896
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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