HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: WS - WS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
WS gothic into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, William Sumner I, London 1781/82
WS gothic into an oblong chamfered rectangle
William Sumner I
London 1781/82 hallmark
WS mark, William Stroud, London 1814
WS
William Stroud
London 1814 hallmark
W.S into a rectangle mark, William Sumner, London 1787
W.S into a rectangle
William Sumner I
entered 1784
London 1787 hallmark
W.S mark, William Seaman, London 1805 W.S into an oval mark, William Seaman, London 1822
W.S into an oval
William Seaman
entered 1804
London 1805 hallmark



London 1822 hallmark
WS into an oval mark, William Summers , London 1874
WS into an oval
William Summers
mark entered in 1863
London 1874 hallmark
WS mark, William Sherwin, Dublin 1832
WS
William Sherwin
Dublin 1832 hallmark
WS mark, A B Savory & Sons -William Smily- , London 1865
WS
A B Savory & Sons -William Smily-
William Smily was manager of A B Savory & Sons
London 1865 hallmark
SMILY FAMILY: HISTORY AND MARKS
WS into two conjoined circles mark, William Stocker, London 1863
WS into two conjoined circles
William Stocker
London 1863 hallmark
WS interwined into a circle mark, William Sturrock, Glasgow 1890
WS interwined into a circle
William Sturrock
Glasgow 1890 hallmark
W.S mark, William Stocker, London 1769
W.S
William Sudell
free 1766
London 1769 hallmark
W.S into a cut corners rectangle  mark, William Sweeting, London 1848
W.S into a cut corners rectangle
William Sweeting
Mark entered 1840
London 1848 hallmark
WS over CS into a quatrefoil mark, W & G Sissons -Walter & Charles Sissons- , London 1893
WS over CS into a quatrefoil
W & G Sissons -Walter & Charles Sissons-
London 1893 hallmark (entered 1887)

go to W & G SISSONS HISTORY AND MARKS
WS over GS into a quatrefoil mark, Walter & George Sissons, London 1874 WS over GS into a quatrefoil mark, Walter & George Sissons, Sheffield 1869
WS over GS into a quatrefoill
Walter & George Sissons
9 Eyre Street, Sheffield
London 1874 hallmark (entered 1866)
Sheffield 1869 hallmark (entered 1858)
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk

go to W & G SISSONS HISTORY AND MARKS
WS over RC, William Sumner and Richard Crossley (entered 1775)
WS over RC
William Sumner and Richard Crossley
Clerkenwell Close, London
(entered 1775)
WSS into a tipped cartouche mark, W S Savage & Co, Sheffield 1910
WSS into a tipped cartouche
W S Savage & Co
Standard Works, Pond Street, Sheffield, entered Jul 1894
Sheffield 1910 hallmark
WSS & Co into a tipped cartouche mark, W S Savage & Co, Sheffield 1922
WSS & Co into a tipped cartouche
W S Savage & Co
Standard Works, Pond Street,
Sheffield 1922 hallmark
w over ss H ld over & mark, William Hutton & Sons Ltd, Sheffield 1923 WH&Ss Ld mark, William Hutton & Sons, Birmingham 1913 WH&Ss Ld mark, William Hutton & Sons, London 1902
w over ss H ld over &
William Hutton & Sons Ltd


Sheffield 1923 hallmark


Birmingham 1913 hallmark

London 1902

The firm was established in Birmingham in 1800 by William Hutton, and was transferred to Sheffield in 1832. After the founder's death the business was continued under the style of William Hutton by his son William Carr Hutton. The firm was transformed in William Hutton & Sons in 1864 and William Hutton & Sons Ltd from 1893 to 1930. In 1930 goodwill transferred to James Dixon & Sons Ltd.

WILLIAM HUTTON & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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