HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: AD - AK
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
A.D into a rectangle mark, Allen Dominy, London 1793
A.D into a rectangle
Allen Dominy,
entered 1790
London 1793 hallmark
A.D over J.D without frame  mark, Auguste & Joseph Delacour, London 1921 A.D over J.D without frame  mark, Auguste & Joseph Delacour, London 1921
A.D over J.D without frame
Auguste & Joseph Delacour,
London 1921 hallmark (entered 1909)
ADL mark, not identified, London 1874 ADL mark, not identified, London 1874
ADL
Abraham David Loewenstark,
born circa 1818. He came to England from Cracow and was naturalized on 6 May 1848.He married Sarah (?) circa 1850. Abraham David Loewenstark lived on 6 April 1875 at 210 Strand, London, Middlesex. He appears in a list of Regalia and Jewel manufacturers as:
'1876 A.D. Lowenstark & Sons. Jewellers, 21 Strand, London, W.C.4'
He died in 1884.
London 1874 hallmark
A.D.Ld into a rectangle mark, Arthur Downing Ltd, Birmingham 1896
A.D.Ld into a rectangle
Arthur Downing Ltd,
Managed by John Thomas Mantle at 29 Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1896 hallmark
AE into a shield mark, Adam Elder or Alexander Edmondston III, Edinburgh 1830
AE into a shield
Adam Elder or Alexander Edmondston III
Edinburgh 1830 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
A.E.C mark, Birmingham 1972
A.E.C.,
not identified
Birmingham 1972 hallmark
A.E.J mark, A.E. Jones, Birmingham 1940 A.E.J mark, A.E. Jones, Birmingham 1973
AEJ
A.E. Jones
Albert E. Jones (1870-1954) studied at the Central school of Arts and Crafts, Birmingham under Edward Taylor and later worked as a Guildman at the Birmingham Guild of Handicrafts. In 1902 he started his business in Windmill Street and then acquired the firm of Jason and Birkett. and its famous trade mark of St. Dunstan. A.E. Jones died in 1954 and the firm was managed by his wife, Adeline Nellie, until 1958 when his son Kennet Crisp Jones took over the business. Later the firm purchased Townshend Ltd and Lanson Ltd.
Birmingham 1940 hallmark
Birmingham 1973 (bicentenary Assay Office) hallmark
A.E. Jones, St Dunstan Works, Pemberton Street, Birmingham, c. 1970 Church Silver and Metalwork catalog
A.E.K into a shield mark, A E Kinman, Sheffield 1931
A.E.K into a shield
A E Kinman,
Sheffield 1931 hallmark
AEP&CoLtd  mark, A E Poston &Co Ltd , Sheffield 1945
AEP&CoLtd  mark, A E Poston &Co Ltd, Birmingham 1930 AEP&CoLtd  mark, A E Poston &Co Ltd, Birmingham 1930
AEP&CoLtd
A E Poston & Co Ltd ,

Sheffield 1945 hallmark


Birmingham 1930 hallmark
A E S into a trefoil mark, Arthur Elwell Spurrier, London 1884
A E S into a trefoil
Arthur Elwell Spurrier,
The firm is recorded at 35 Coleman Street, London in 1883 and as Spurrier & Co in 1885. Their works were at 14 George Street, Birmingham
London 1884 hallmark
*A.E.W* into an oblong six sides polygon mark, Arnold E Williams, Birmingham 1945
*A.E.W* into an oblong six sides polygon
Arnold E Williams,
entered 1929
Birmingham 1945 hallmark
AF mark, Alexander Field, London 1807
AF
Alexander Field,
London 1807 hallmark
A.F into a rectangle mark, Arthur Fenwick, Birmingham 1894
A.F into a rectangle
Arthur Fenwick,
8 Vyse St, Birmingham
Birmingham 1894 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
AG intertwined into an oval mark, Asprey & Garrard, Sheffield 2000 AG intertwined into an oval mark, Asprey & Garrard,Sheffield 2000
AG intertwined into an oval
Asprey & Garrard,
Sheffield 2000 hallmark
A'star'G mark, Alexander Gardner, Edinburgh 1775
A'star'G
Alexander Gardner,
Edinburgh 1775 hallmark
AGB into three conjoined circles mark, Adrian Gerald Benney, London 1977 AGB into three conjoined circles mark, Adrian Gerald Benney, London 1977
AGB into three conjoined circles
Adrian Gerald Benney,
Adrian Gerald Sallys Benney (born April 1, 1930 - dead June 26, 2008) Leading late 20th century English silversmith. He opened his first workshop at Whitfield Place in London. In 1963 he moved to Beenham House in Reading, which was his home and workshop before moving to Wiltshire in 1999. In 1974 he was granted a Royal Warrant by HM The Queen as goldsmith and silversmith.Further Royal Warrants followed in 1975 from HRH The Duke of Edinburgh and HM The Queen Mother and in 1980 from HRH The Prince of Wales.
London 1977 hallmark
AH mark, Alexander Henderson, Edimburgh 1798
AH
Alexander Henderson,
apprentice of James Hewitt in 1785. Freeman in 1792. Died 1837.
Held as apprentices James Munro (freeman 1806), John Laurie (freeman 1821), Samuel Weir (freeman 1847), Patrick Sutherland (freeman 1839)
Edinburgh 1798 hallmark
AH in script  mark, Alexander Henderson, Edinburgh 1816
AH in script  mark, Alexander Henderson, Edinburgh 1823
AH in script
Alexander Henderson
Edinburgh 1816 hallmark
with WH mark of William Hannay (possibly)



Edinburgh 1823 hallmark
with JH mark of John Henderson
A.H into an oval mark, Aaron Hatfield & Sons, Sheffield 1822.
A.H into an oval
Aaron Hatfield & Sons,
Pepper Alley - Sheffield
entered April 1823
Sheffield 1822 hallmark
A.H mark, Alexander Hewat, London 1827
A.H into a chamfered rectangle
Alexander Hewat,
mark entered 3.11.1810
London 1827 hallmark
A.H into a rectangle mark, Aaron Hadfield, Sheffield 1820
A.H into a rectangle
Aaron Hadfield,
entered 1818
Pepper Alley, Sheffield
Sheffield 1820 hallmark
A.H into an oval mark, Martin Bros & Co, Sheffield c. 1850 A.H into an oval mark, Martin Bros & Co, Sheffield  1850
A.H into an oval
Martin Bros & Co,
entered May 1846
Sheffield c. 1850 hallmark


Sheffield 1850 hallmark
A.H and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Anselm Hardy, Quebec 1853-1854
A.H and English pseudo-hallmarks
Anselm Hardy,
a Canada silversmith
Quebec 1853-1854 mark
A.H into an oval mark, Arthur Harris, Birmingham 1911
A.H into an oval
Arthur Harris,
entered 1897
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
A over HT into a heart mark, Albert H Thompson, Sheffield 1913
A over H.T into a heart
Albert Henry Thompson
18 York Street, Sheffield
entered 1885
Sheffield 1913 hallmark
A over I.S over N into a quatrefoil mark, not identified, London 1764
A over I.S over N into a quatrefoil
not identified
unregistered mark (Grimwade 3689)
London 1764 hallmark
AJ in script into an indented oval outline mark, Alexander Johnston, London 1762
AJ in script into an indented oval outline
Alexander Johnston
First mark entered as largeworker in 1733. This mark entered 1748
London 1762 hallmark
A J into separate squar mark, Albert Jackson, Birmingham 1910
A J into separate squar
Albert Jackson
Albion Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
A.J.B.  mark, A J Bailey or A J Bailey & Son, Birmingham 1938
A.J.B.
A J Bailey or A J Bailey & Son
Everest Works, Tenby Street North, Birmingham
Birmingham 1938 hallmark
A.J.C  mark, Alfred James Cheshire, Birmingham 1894
A.J.C
Alfred James Cheshire
52 Tenby Street North, Birmingham
Birmingham 1894 hallmark
AJD  mark, Archibald John Douglas, London 1864
AJD
Archibald John Douglas
London 1864 hallmark
A.J.P & Co Ld without contour mark, A J Pepper & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1925
A.J.P & Co Ld without contour
A J Pepper & Co Ltd
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
A.J.S  mark, Arthur Johnson Smith , Birmingham 1927
A.J.S
Arthur Johnson Smith
Variety Works, Frederick Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1927 hallmark
AK  mark, Abstainando King, London 1801
AK
Abstainando King
44 Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell
London 1801 hallmark
AK  mark, Adolph Philip Krieger, London 1911
AK
Adolph Philip Krieger
London 1911 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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