HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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English home page
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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: TT - TZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
T.T mark, Thomas Townsend, Dublin 1817
T.T
Thomas Townsend,
Dublin 1817 hallmark
T.T over & Co into a square mark, Thomas Turner & Co, Sheffield 1933
T.T over & Co into a square
Thomas Turner & Co,
Sheffield 1933 hallmark
TW mark, Thomas Wallis I, London 1777
TW
Thomas Wallis I,
London 1777 hallmark
....MORE....
Thomas Wallis mark, London 1793
TW in script
Thomas Wallis II,
Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell
London 1793 hallmark
....MORE....
TW mark, Thomas Watson, Newcastle 1802
TW
Thomas Watson,
Newcastle 1802 hallmark
TW mark, Thomas Wheatley, Newcastle 1837
TW
Thomas Wheatley,
Newcastle 1837 hallmark
TW in script mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1755 TW in script mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1755
TW in script
Thomas Whipham
London 1755 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, still active in present days ... MORE....
TW in script, John James Whiting (died 1855) & John Whiting mark, London 1847
TW in script
John James Whiting (died 1855) & John Whiting,
London 1847 hallmark
TW mark, Thomas Whitaker  -entered 1841- Thomas Wimbush  -entered 1846- Thomas Wells  -entered 1849- Thomas Whitehouse -entered 1850-, London 1852
TW
Thomas Whitaker -entered 1841-
Thomas Wimbush -entered 1846-
Thomas Wells -entered 1849-
Thomas Whitehouse -entered 1850-,
London 1852 hallmark
T.W into a rectangle under a star mark, Thomas Whipham, London 1741
T.W into a rectangle under a star
Thomas Whipham
entered 1737
London 1741 hallmark
T.W mark, Thomas Wallis I, London 1776
T.W into a rectangle
Thomas Wallis I,
entered 1758
London 1776 hallmark....MORE....
T.W mark, Thomas Whitehouse, London 1867
T.W
Thomas Whitehouse,
London 1867 hallmark
T.W mark,T. Wooley, Birmingham 1911
T.W
T Wooley,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
T.W over & Co over Ltd into a shield mark, Travis, Wilson & Co Ltd , Sheffield 1946
T.W over & Co over Ltd into a shield
Travis, Wilson & Co Ltd ,
Sheffield 1946 hallmark
T.W&S into an oblong rectangle mark, not identified, Birmingham 1887
T.W&S into an oblong rectangle
not identified,
possibly T. Willis & Son(s), 65 Northampton St, Birmingham
Birmingham 1887 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
T over WC over C into a quatrefoil mark,Thomas & William Chawner (possibly), London 1758
T over WC over C into a quatrefoil
Thomas & William Chawner (possibly),
London 1758 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
T.W.D. into three conjoined circles mark, Thomas William Dee, London 1865
T.W.D. into three conjoined circles
Thomas William Dee,
firm established in 1827 by John William Dee & John Fargues,
mark entered in 1862
London 1865 hallmark
T.W.D into a six sides polygon  mark, Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson-, London 1888
T.W.D into a six sides polygon
Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson-,
mark entered in 1886
London 1888 hallmark
TW over D over HH into a quatrefoil mark, Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson & Henry Holmes Dobson-, London 1885
TW over D over HH into a quatrefoil
Dobson & Sons -Thomas William Dobson & Henry Holmes Dobson-,
mark entered in 1877
London 1885 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
TW over JH mark, Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne, London 1811
TW over JH
Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne,
London 1811 hallmark
....MORE....
T.W.L into a rectangle mark, Thomas William Lack, London 1937
T.W.L into a rectangle
Thomas William Lack,
London 1937 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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