HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH AND BRITISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

THE DIRECTORY OF ENGLISH, SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: CW
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
CW mark, Charles Wright, London 1772
CW
Charles Wright,
London 1772 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
CW into two conjoined circles mark, Charles Wallis, London 1853
CW into two conjoined circles
Charles Wallis,
London 1853 hallmark
CW into a rectangle with cut upper corners mark, not identified, London 1927
CW into a rectangle with cut upper corners
not identified,
London 1927 hallmark
C W into two squares mark, Charles Weale, Birmingham 1920
C W into two squares
Charles Weale,
entered 1902
Hockley Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1920 hallmark
C.W mark, Charles Wilkes, Birmingham 1931
C.W
Charles Wilkes,
Mott Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1931 hallmark
CW&S mark, Charles Westwood & Sons, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart CW&S mark, Charles Westwood & Sons, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart
CW&S
Charles Westwood & Sons,
Hall Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
CW Co mark, Cronin & Wheeler, Birmingham 1847
CWCo
Cronin & Wheeler,
Birmingham 1847 hallmark
C.W.F mark, Charles William Fletcher, Sheffield 1913 C.W.F mark, Charles William Fletcher, Sheffield 1927
C.W.F into an oval
Charles William Fletcher,
Sterling Works, Bramhall Lane, Sheffield
Sheffield 1913 hallmark


Sheffield 1927 hallmark
CWQ mark, Charles William Quesnel, Jersey
CWQ
Charles William Quesnel,
Jersey
CWS Ld  mark, Cooperative Wholesale Society Ltd, Chester 1934
CWS Ld
Cooperative Wholesale Society Ltd,
Chester 1934
C.W.S.D into an oblong rectangle mark, Charles Washington Shirley Deakin, Birmingham c. 1855
C.W.S.D into an oblong rectangle
Charles Washington Shirley Deakin,
Regent Place, Birmingham
entered 1854
Birmingham c. 1855
STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
   
THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL SILVER
ABERDEEN   ARBROATH    BALLATER    BANFF    CANONGATE    CUPAR    DUMFRIES    DUNDEE    ELGIN    ELLON    FOCHABERS    FORRES    GREENOCK    INVERNESS    MONTROSE    OBAN    PAISLEY    PERTH    PETERHEAD    TAIN    WICK
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
CANADA SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each piece.
The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the assay office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edimburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion's passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased certifiying the silver's quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the assay office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -