HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: JM
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



J.M into a rectangle mark, John Meek, London 1822
J.M into rectangle
John Meek,
entered 1821
London 1822 hallmark
J.M into a serrate rectangle mark, James Moore, Dublin 1819
J.M into a serrate rectangle
James Moore,
Dublin 1819 hallmark
J.M mark, John Mitchell, Glasgow 1835
J.M
John Mitchell,
Glasgow 1835 hallmark



J.M into a rectangle mark, not identified, Dublin 1952 J.M into a rectangle mark, not identified, Dublin 1952
J.M into a rectangle
not identified,
Dublin 1952 hallmark
J.M thistle and key mark,John Mast, Calcutta, India, early 19th c.
J.M thistle and key
John Mast,
Calcutta, India, early 19th c. hallmark
JM&Co mark, not identified , London 1958 JM&Co mark, Johnson Matthey & Co, London 1958
JM&Co
Johnson Matthey & Co,
London 1958 hallmark
J.M-A  mark, not identified, Birmingham 1972
J.M-A
not identified,
Birmingham 1972 hallmark


JMc mark, James McKay, Edinburgh 1821
JMc
James McKay,
apprentice of Alexander Gardner in 1783. Freeman in 1793.
Held as apprentice William Beattie (freeman in 1840)
Edinburgh 1821 hallmark
J.M over & over E.M into a quatrefoil mark, James Moore & Edward Murray , Dublin 1839
J.M over & over E.M into a quatrefoil
James Moore & Edward Murray
Dublin 1839 hallmark
J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Chester 1898 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Chester 1898 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Birmingham 1894 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks , Birmingham 1894 J.M.B mark, John Millward Banks, Birmingham 1896
J.M.B
John Millward Banks
Firm established in 1863 in Birmingham with manufacturing premises at 6 Northampton Street, Birmingham and Showroom at 12, 14 Beake Street, Regent Street, London. In 1900 c. the firm name was changed to J.M. Banks & Co. The business was closed in 1926 c.
Chester 1898 hallmark
Birmingham 1894 hallmark
Birmingham 1896 hallmark



J.M.Jr into a rectangle mark, John Muir Jr or John Murray, Glasgow 1830
J.M.Jr into a rectangle
John Muir, Jr or John Murray
Glasgow 1830 hallmark
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Johannes Martinus Lotter, Cape Colony 1850 c.
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks
Johannes Martinus Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Willem Godfried Lotter (1748) and Wilhelmina Margaretha Wentzel. Baptized at the Cape on 23 December 1798. Activity as goldsmith and/or silversmith is known from 1844 to 1879
Cape Colony 1850 c. hallmark
JM over WM mark, John Mitchell and William Mitchell (possibly), Glasgow 1833
JM over WM
John Mitchell and William Mitchell (possibly)
Glasgow 1833 hallmark


STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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