HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: JC
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



JC into a rectangle mark, John Corfield, Birmingham 1820
JC into a rectangle
John Corfield,
mark entered in 1807
Birmingham 1820 hallmark
JC mark, John Crouch , London 1812
JC
John Crouch,
London 1812 hallmark
JC mark, John Clarke or John Coakley or John Clifton or James Critchley, Chester 1829
JC
John Clarke or John Coakley or John Clifton or James Critchley,
Chester 1829 hallmark
JC mark, John Chisholm -possibly-, Glasgow 1836
JC
John Chisholm -possibly-,
Glasgow 1836 hallmark



J.C mark, James Crichton, Glasgow 1858
J.C
James Crichton

Glasgow 1858 hallmark
J.C mark, JJ. Crichton & Co - possibly - , Edinburgh 1894
J.C
J. Crichton & Co - possibly -
Edinburgh 1894 hallmark
J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Clifford (possibly), Birmingham 1909 J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, John Clifford (possibly), Birmingham 1909
J.C into an oblong chamfered rectangle
John Clifford (possibly)
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
J.C into two conjoined lozenges mark, Joseph Cutler, Chester 1938
J.C into two conjoined lozenges
Joseph Cutler
entered 1931
118 Howard Street, Glasgow
Chester 1938 hallmark


J.C&S  mark, Joseph Cook & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1905
J.C&S
Joseph Cook & Son Ltd
Hiberian Works, Livery Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
JCA into an oval mark, not identified, London 2001
JCA into an oval
not identified
London 2001 hallmark
J.C.E mark, James Charles Edington , London 1838
J.C.E
James Charles Edington
London 1838 hallmark
J C above L into a trefoil  mark, not identified, London 1938
J C above L into a trefoil
not identified,
London 1938 hallmark



J.C Ltd into three conjoined circles mark, J Collyer Ltd, Birmingham 1947
J.C Ltd into three conjoined circles
J Collyer Ltd,
Birmingham 1947 hallmark
JC over NC into a quatrefoil mark, James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-, London 1853 JC over NC into a quatrefoil mark, James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-, London 1853
JC over NC into a quatrefoiltd into three conjoined circles
James & Nathaniel Creswick -T.J. & N. Creswick-,
London 1853 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.C.S  mark, John Crane Salt, London 1866
J.C.S
John Crane Salt
mark entered 1865
London 1866 hallmark
J.C.V Ltd  mark, John Collard Vickery, London 1924
J.C.V
John Collard Vickery
London 1924 hallmark


STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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