HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: IR
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



IR and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, J. Ross, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1818
IR and English pseudo-hallmarks
J. Ross,
a Canada silversmith
Halifax - Nova Scotia 1818 mark
IR mark, John Reily, London 1808
IR
John Reily
London 1808 hallmark



I.R  into a chamfered rectangle mark, John Robertson I, Newcastle c. 1796
I.R into a chamfered rectangle
John Robertson I
Dean Street, Newcastle
entered 1796
Newcastle c. 1796 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
I.R  into an oval mark, John Robertson I, Newcastle c. 1795
I.R into an oval
John Robertson I
Dean Street, Newcastle
entered c. 1795
Newcastle c. 1795 hallmark
I.R & Co into an oblong rectangle mark, John Roberts & Co, London 1808
I.R & Co into an oblong rectangle
John Roberts & Co
John Roberts, Samuel Mosley & John Settle. Eyre Street, Sheffield. Mark entered in 1805
London 1808 hallmark



IR over IW mark, John Robertson II & John Walton , Newcastle 1819 IR over IW mark, John Robertson II & John Walton, London 1815
IR over IW
John Robertson II & John Walton
Newcastle 1819 hallmark



London 1815 hallmark


STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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