HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS: FH
(click on the photo to enlarge image)



FH mark, Francis Howden, Edinburgh 1811
FH
Francis Howden,
Edinburgh 1811 hallmark
FH mark, Francis Higgins II, London 1857
FH
Francis Higgins II,
London 1857 hallmark
FH into a heart mark, The Portland Co -Francis Higgins III- , London 1861
FH gothic into a heart
The Portland Co Ltd -Francis Higgins III- ,
The firm was founded by Harry Emanuel, retailer goldsmith of Hanover Square, to capitalize a patent for the machine-production of spoons and forks. Francis Higgins acted as manager from 1859 to 1868
London 1861 hallmark
F H into a chamfered rectangle mark, Frederick Haberling, London 1903
F H into a chamfered rectangle
Frederick Haberling,
entered 1887
London 1903 hallmark



F H into a circle mark, Francis Howard Ltd, Sheffield 1924 F H into a circle mark, Francis Howard Ltd, Sheffield 1977 F H into a circle mark, Francis Howard Ltd, Birmingham 1935
F H into a circle
Francis Howard Ltd,

Trafalgar Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1924 hallmark



Sheffield 1977 hallmark with Queen's Jubilee mark



Birmingham 1935 hallmark with King's Jubilee mark
F H into two triangles mark, F Hawker Ltd, Birmingham 1972
F H into two triangles
F Hawker Ltd,
Spencer Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1972 hallmark
F.H. into a heart  mark, Francis Higgins III or Francis Higgins & Sons Ltd, London 1896
F.H. into a heart
Francis Higgins III or Francis Higgins & Sons Ltd,
London 1896 hallmark


F.H.A & Co mark, F H Adams & Co, Birmingham 1928
F.H.A &Co
F H Adams & Co,
Birmingham 1928 hallmark
F H A & H mark, F H Adams & Holman, Birmingham 1913
F.H.A & H
F H Adams & Holman,
Birmingham 1913 hallmark
F H C S Co Ld into alternate lozenges and circles mark, F Hawker Carpathian Silver Co Ltd, Birmingham 1937
F H C S Co Ld into alternate lozenges and circles
F Hawker Carpathian Silver Co Ltd,
entered 1927
Birmingham 1937 hallmark
FHR mark, not identified ,London 1973
FHR
not identified ,
London 1973 hallmark
FHW into a rectangle mark, Frederick Henry Weare, London 1899
FHW into a rectangle
Frederick Henry Weare,
London 1899 hallmark




STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
AA
AE
AF
AZ
BA
BZ
CA
CH
CK
CZ
DA
DZ
EA
EZ
FA
FZ
GA
GZ
HA
HG
HH
HZ
IA
IG
IH
IZ
JA
JC
JD
JH
JJ
JP
JQ
JS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
BRITISH MAKER'S MARKS
JT
JZ
KA
LZ
MA
MZ
NA
PA
PB
PZ
QA
RH
RK
RZ
SA
SG
SH
SZ
TA
TH
TI
TZ
UA
WB
WC
WF
WG
WL
WM
WS
WT
ZZ

BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
A& AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
B& BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
C& CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
D& DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
E& EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
F& FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
G& GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
H& HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
I& IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
J& JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
K& KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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