HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: JT - JZ
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c. JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c. JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c.
JT and English pseudo-hallmarks
John Townsend,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Active 1824-1841
Cape Colony 1830 c. hallmark



Cape Colony 1830 c. hallmark
J.T mark, John Townsend, Dublin 1812
J.T
John Townsend,
Dublin 1812 hallmark
J.T mark, John Tongue , Birmingham 1855 J.T mark, John Tongue , Birmingham 1855 J.T mark, John Tongue , Birmingham 1835
J.T into a rectangle
JT into a rectangle
John Tongue,
Birmingham 1855 hallmark



Birmingham 1835 hallmark

J.T & Co  mark, John Turton &Co, Birmingham 1938
J.T & Co
John Turton & Co ,
Birmingham 1938 hallmark
J.T & Co  mark, John Turton &Co , Sheffield 1963
J.T & Co
John Turton & Co ,
Sheffield 1963 hallmark
J.T & S  mark, J Thompson & Sons , Sheffield 1913
J.T & S
John Thompson & Sons,
Business established in tha late 1860s in London by John Shield Thompson. The style was changed to John Thompson & Son and then to John Thompson & Sons. They are listed as wholesale jewellers at 31 Clerkenwell Road, London until 1916
Sheffield 1913 hallmark
JTH over JHM into a quatrefoil mark, John Thomas Heath & John Hartshorne Middleton of Hukin & Heath , London 1901 JTH over JHM into a quatrefoil mark, John Thomas Heath & John Hartshorne Middleton of Hukin & Heath , LBirmingham 1900
JTH over JHM into a quatrefoil
John Thomas Heath & John Hartshorne Middleton of Hukin & Heath
London 1901 hallmark



Birmingham 1900 hallmark

... MORE....
JTW into an oval  mark, James Thomas White, London 1870
JTW into an oval
James Thomas White
1 Northampton Square, Clerkenwell, London
London 1870 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.W mark, James Vickery , London 1868
J.V
James Vickery
London 1868 hallmark
4 Woodbridge Street, Clerkwell (1851), 20 King Square, Goswell Road (1855) and 11 Lavers Road, Stoke Nowington (1880)
JW into an indented oval mark, Joseph Willmore , Birmingham 1843
JW into an indented oval
Joseph Willmore
Birmingham 1843 hallmark
JW mark, J. Wilmot, Birmingham 1899
JW into two circles
J. Wilmot
Birmingham 1899 hallmark
JW into two squares mark, J Walker, Birmingham 1895 JW into two squares mark, J Walker, Birmingham 1895
JW into two squares
J Walker
Birmingham 1895 hallmark
JW in script of various shapes mark, John James Whiting , London 18465 JW in script of various shapes mark, John James Whiting , London 1846 JW in script of various shapes mark, John James Whiting , London 1834 JW in script of various shapes mark, John James Whiting , London 1852
JW in script of various shapes
John James Whiting
London 1846 hallmark

London 1834 hallmark


London 1852 hallmark
107 Bunhill Row, St. Luke's, Finsbury
JW into an oval mark, James Wintle, London 1854
JW into an oval
James Wintle
London 1854 hallmark
J star W in script mark, James Williams, London 1755
J star W in script
James Williams
London 1755 hallmark
JW into two conjoined circles mark, Josiah Williams, Exeter 1860
JW into two conjoined circles
Josiah Williams
Exeter 1860 hallmark ... MORE....
J.W into an oval mark, Joseph Willmore, Birmingham 1812
J.W into an oval
Joseph Willmore
Birmingham 1812 hallmark
J.W mark, James Wintle, London 1845
J.W
James Wintle
London 1845 hallmark
J.W into a sort of conjoined circles mark, James Weir I, Glasgow 1924 J.W into a sort of conjoined circles mark, James Weir I, Glasgow 1924
J.W into a sort of conjoined circles
James Weir I
jeweller
Glasgow 1924 hallmark
J.W over & Co into a quatrefoil mark, Josiah Williams & Co, Exeter 1876
J.W over & Co into a quatrefoil
Josiah Williams & Co

Exeter 1876 hallmark ... MORE....
JW&Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Josiah Williams & Co (possibly), London 1934
JW& Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Josiah Williams & Co (possibly)
Augustine Parade, Bristol
London 1934 hallmark ... MORE....
J.W over & over JW into a quatrefoil  mark, James & Josiah Williams , Exeter 1863
J.W over & over JW into a quatrefoil
James & Josiah Williams
Exeter 1863 hallmark ... MORE....
J.W&S into an oval mark, James Woods & Sons, Birmingham 1915
J.W&S into an oval
James Woods & Sons
Birmingham 1915 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.W.B into an oval mark, James William Benson, London 1909 J.W.B into an oval mark, James William Benson, London 1909
J.W.B into an oval
James William Benson,
London 1909 hallmark
J W B into three conjoined lozenges  mark, W Benson Ltd, London 1931
J W B into three conjoined lozenges
W Benson Ltd
Ludgate Hill, London
London 1931 hallmark
J over W.B over P into a crossed cartouche mark, William Bond & James Phipps I, London 1754
J over W.B over P into a crossed cartouche
William Bond & James Phipps I
Foster Lane, London. Mark entered in 1754
London 1754 hallmark
J.W over E.H into a square mark, John Waterhouse & Edward Hatfield & Co, Sheffield 1837
J.W over E.H into a square
John Waterhouse & Edward Hatfield & Co
Porto Bello Place, Sheffield. Mark entered in 1836
Sheffield 1837 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.W over F.C.W into a trefoil mark, James Wakely & Frank Clarke Wheeler , London 1900
J.W over F.C.W into a trefoil
James Wakely & Frank Clarke Wheeler
a predecessor of Wakely & Wheeler....more....
London 1900 hallmark
J.WH into a rectangle mark, John & William Howden, London 1900
J.WH into a rectangle
John & William Howden
the partnership of James (father) and William (son) Howden lasted from 1809 to 1821. William was apprenticed to Robert Hamilton but completed his apprentice with J. Mackay, becoming freemen in 1816. This mark is often coupled with that of Alexander Henderson (AH) and J Hay
Edinburgh 1812 hallmark
JWH over JTH into a quatrefoil  mark, Jonathan Wilson Hukin & John Thomas Heath , London 1879
JWH over JTH into a quatrefoil
Jonathan Wilson Hukin & John Thomas Heath
The firm of manufacturing silversmiths and electroplaters was founded in Birmingham in 1855 (Imperial Works, Great Charles Street).
The mark was entered in London in 1879 where was active a showroom at Charterhouse Street, Holborn. In 1885 the firm was transformed in Hukin & Heath. It is well known for silver and electroplate produced under the guidance of Dr. Christopher Dresser
London 1879 hallmark
JW over JW into a square mark, James & Josiah Williams, Exeter 1854
JW over JW into a square
James & Josiah Williams
Exeter 1854 hallmark ... MORE....
J.W. Ltd without contour mark, James Walker, Birmingham 1928 J.W. Ltd without contour mark, James Walker, Birmingham 1928
J.W. Ltd without contour
James Walker
High Street, Streatham
Birmingham 1928 hallmark
J.W.T into three circles mark, J W Tiptaft & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1934
J.W.T into three circles
J W Tiptaft & Son Ltd
Founded in 1882 by James Walter Tiptaft who went in partnership with his son Norman in 1909. The firm was sold to Blanckensee in the late 1930s.
Birmingham 1934 hallmark + King's Jubilee mark
J.Y mark, Jates Brothers , Sheffield 1924
J.Y
Yates Brothers
Sheffield 1924 hallmark
<"J.Y.C
J.Y.C
John Yeomans Cowlishaw
Market Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1926 hallmark
<"JZ
JZ in script
John Zeigler
Edinburgh 1814 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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