ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Hi-Hz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
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S. Hibbert & Son - Sheffield
S.HIBBERT & SON
Sheffield
Active in 1905 at 82 Tenter Street, Sheffield. The firm used the trademark YUKON SILVER.
Francis Higgins - The Portland Co - London
FRANCIS HIGGINS - THE PORTLAND CO LTD
FRANCIS HIGGINS & SON
FRANCIS HIGGINS & SON LTD
London
The Portland Co Ltd was founded in 1859 and was active at Riding House Street, Portland Place, London. The firm, using the mark of Frank Higgins junior (a small gothic fh into a heart), was put into voluntary liquidation in 1869. Francis Higgins continued the activity as Francis Higgins & Son (1868-1909) and Francis Higgins & Son Ltd (1909-1940), absorbing in 1922 Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater. The business was continued by C.J. Vander Ltd.
Hills, Menke & Co - Birmingham Hills, Menke & Co - Birmingham Hills, Menke & Co - Birmingham
HILLS, MENKE & CO
Birmingham
Active c. 1892. The firm used the trade mark AFRICAN SILVER with a figural "SNAKE". The same trade mark was used by
Spittle & Heape and Selig, Sonnenthal & Co (possibly)
Joseph Hirons & Henry Hodson Plante & Co - Birmingham Joseph Hirons & Henry Hodson Plante & Co - Birmingham Joseph Hirons & Henry Hodson Plante  - Birmingham
JOSEPH HIRONS & HENRY HODSON PLANTE
JOSEPH HIRONS, HENRY HODSON PLANTE & CO (HIRON, PLANTE & BOURNE)
Birmingham
A partnership of Joseph Hirons, Henry Hodson Plante and Rowland Bourne active c. 1864 as plate workers at Frederick Street Works, Birmingham & Hatton Garden, London
see
Henry Hodson Plante for further information




Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Co - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons  , Zulu trade mark - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Co - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London (possibly) Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London Henry Hobson & Sons - Sheffield and London
HENRY HOBSON & SONS
HENRY HOBSON & CO
Sheffield & London
Business established in Sheffield by Henry Hobson in 1845. A London branch was opened in 1852 and later styled George Hobson & Sons. From the 1874 London directory entry the firm is called "& Co", but the firm continued to advertise as
Henry Hobson and Son. Queen Street factory moved to Carver Street (1901) and then to Eyre Lane, Sheffield (1912). The firm used the trade marks X PRESS, EXPRESS, HOBSONIAN SILVER and ZULU
Hobson, James & Gilby - Birmingham
HOBSON, JAMES & GILBY
Birmingham
c. 1920
Richard Hodd & Son - London & Queen Victoria verification mark Richard Hodd & Son at 66/67 Cheapside - London Richard Hodd & Son - London Richard Hodd & Son - London Richard Hodd & Son - London Richard Hodd & Son - London Richard Hodd - London Richard Hodd & William Linley - London
RICHARD HODD
RICHARD HODD & WILLIAM LINLEY
RICHARD HODD & SON
London
Business established in 1849 at Hatton Garden as Goodfellow, Tilley & Hodd (1849-1854). Later the firm became Goodfellow & Hodd (until 1860), Richard Hodd (until 1862), Hodd & Linley (until 1872) and Richard Hodd & Son from 1872 until the late 1970s. They were active from c. 1878 in Minerva Works, Hatton Gardens 30/31 using a trademark with the image of Minerva, the Greek goddess of industry. They were active also at 66/67 Cheapside. In 1981 the premises at Hatton Garden were occupied by the workshop of Dennis Smith and Gareth Harris, silversmiths.




David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham: PLATO David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham: PLATO David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham: PLATO David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham: PLATO trademark David Hollander & Sons Ltd - Birmingham
DAVID HOLLANDER & SONS LTD
Birmingham
Active in 1938 as "Ltd" at
124-128 Barr Street, Hockley, Birmingham. The firm was founded in 1866 as silver-plated and allied goods wholesaler. In 1898 they began to manufacture their own goods and specialised in silverplated holloware and trophies. In the 1970s they were bought by Great Universal Stores Ltd. The firm used the trade mark PLATO (from its PLATO WORKS, corner of Caroline Street and Northwood Street, Birmingham)
Holman & Norton - Birmingham Holman & Norton - Birmingham Holman & Norton - Birmingham Holman & Norton - Birmingham
HOLMAN & NORTON
Birmingham
active from 1899 at 43 Howard Str, Birmingham
G.G. Honour & Sons - London George Gates Honour - London George Gates Honour - London George Gates Honour - London George Gates Honour - London
GEORGE GATES HONOUR
G.G. HONOUR & SONS
London
Founder of the business was Henry Eaborn active, before 1879, at 84 Hatton Garden. In 1879 Henry Eaborn entered in partnership with George Gates Honour under the style Eaborn & Honour moving at 64 Hatton Garden. The partnership lasted until 1901 when Eaborn retired and Honour continued alone as electro plate manufacturer silversmith, nickel and electro plater and gilder. In 1910 his sons George Philip Honour and Herbert Percy Honour entered in the business and the style was changed to G.G. Honour & Sons. In 1912 they participated to the Jewellers' Exhibition and opened a branch in Birmingham (52 Branson Street). After the retirement of G.G. Honour (c.1925) the firm was filed for bankruptcy in 1929
Houchton & Cunn - London
HOUCHTON & CUNN
London
possibly merged with Asprey & Co in 1911
Edwin Howard & Son - Sheffield (possibly)
EDWIN HOWARD & SON (possibly)
Sheffield
Active at 90 Pond Street (1863-1870). Edwin Howard was partner of Howard & Hawksworth, 9 Orchard Lane (1835-1857), trading solely as Edwin Howard (without '& Son') at 9 Orchard Lane (1857-1863) and at 5 Bridge St, Sheffield (1870-1878).
Francis Howard Sheffield Francis Howard Ltd, Sheffield: trade mark Francis Howard, Sheffield Francis Howard, Sheffield Francis Howard Sheffield Francis Howard Sheffield
FRANCIS HOWARD
FRANCIS HOWARD LTD
Sheffield
Francis Howard (c.1837-1905), active at West End Works, 68 West St (1870-1886), Aberdeen Works, 1 Trafalgar St and 99 Division St (1886-1974). The firm was converted into a limited liability company in 1921. The company trade mark was an
archery target pierced in the bullseye by an arrow, with the words WELL DONE.




James Howard & Co - Sheffield James Howard & Co - Sheffield James Howard & Co - Sheffield James Howard & Co - Sheffield
JAMES HOWARD
JAMES HOWARD &SONS
JAMES HOWARD & CO
Sheffield
Active from 1861 at Broom Spring Works, Fitzwilliam St and Bath St, Sheffield. From 1862 the firm became James Howard & Co.
The firm used the trade mark
THE BRANSTON
William Howe - Sheffield (possibly) William Howe & CO - Sheffield (possibly) William Howe & CO - Sheffield (possibly) William Howe & CO - Sheffield (possibly) George Hawksley & Co - Sheffield
WILLIAM HOWE (Sr)
WILLIAM HOWE & CO
WILLIAM HOWE (Jr)
Sheffield
Active from c. 1833 as William Howe (Sr) at 183 Hollis-Croft and as William Howe & Co at 17 Corporation St (1858-1861). From 1861 managed by his sons William Howe (Jr) and from c.1870 until 1881 by Henry Howe. Active at 8 Lambert St (1861-1866), Wollen St (1867-1872) and Gatefield Works, 48 Roberts St, Sheffield (1873-1881).
Howes & Browett,  Birmingham
HOWES & BROWETT
Birmingham
see
Alfred Browett
L. Hughes  & Sons
L. HUGHES & SONS

not identified
Hukin & Heath - Birmingham, silver plate mark: Christopher Dresser design Hukin & Heath - Birmingham Hukin & Heath - Birmingham, silver plate mark Hukin & Heath - Birmingham, silver plate mark Hukin & Heath - Birmingham
HUKIN & HEATH
Birmingham
The firm was established in Birmingham in 1855 by Jonathan Wilson Hukin and John Thomas Heath. They were active in in Newall Street and Imperial Works, 139 Great Charles Street, Birmingham. The firm's association with Christopher Dresser began in 1877; the first registered design dates from 1878, and others were entered up to 1881. Dresser's designs were launched at the opening of the firm's showrooms in Charterhouse Street in August 1879. In 1904 the business was converted under the style of
Hukin & Heath Ltd. The company closed in 1953. Found a spoon marked CRESCINA (possibly a trade mark). John Heath always used an oval or circle stamp around the trade mark to distinguish from electro-plated and nickel of other makers

HUKIN & HEATH: HISTORY and MARKS
George Henry Hulley  - Sheffield
GEORGE HENRY HULLEY
Sheffield
Active at
17-19 Cambridge St (1886-1899) and Ecclesall Works, Rockingham St, Sheffield (1900-1940)
W.R. Humpreys & Co, Sheffield W.R. Humpreys & Co, Sheffield W.R. Humpreys & Co, Sheffield W.R. Humpreys & Co, Sheffield
W.R.HUMPREYS & CO
W.R.HUMPREYS & CO LTD
Sheffield
William R. Humpreys & Co, 1889-1925, Eyre Street Works and Haddon Works. Became Ltd in 1904. The firm used the trade mark
RADIANT PLATE
J.H. Hunt - Birmingham
JAMES HENRY HUNT
JAMES HENRY HUNT & CO
Birmingham
Active at 55 Hockley Hill and 3 Regent Pd, Birmingham. The firm used the trade mark SIBERIAN SILVER.
Michael Hunter & Son - Sheffield M. Hunter & Son - Sheffield: LLAMA figural trademark Hunter & Co - Sheffield Hunter & Co - Sheffield Michael Hunter & Son - Sheffield
MICHAEL HUNTER & SON
HUNTER & CO
Sheffield
Partnership of Michael Hunter the elder and Michael Hunter the younger,
dissolved in 1873 and continued under the same style by Michael Hunter the younger. Active at Talbot Works, 328 Saville St and Reed St, Sheffield and 155 Upper Thames Street, London. The firm became a limited liability company in 1899 and was bought and liquidated by Needham, Veall & Tyzack in 1910. The firm used trade marks "LLAMA" and "FUERTE"




William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Ltd Sheffield Robert Hutton for William Hutton & Sons, c. 1866 William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Carr Hutton - Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield William Hutton & Sons Sheffield
WILLIAM HUTTON
WILLIAM CARR HUTTON
WILLIAM HUTTON & SON
WILLIAM HUTTON & SONS
WILLIAM HUTTON & SONS LTD
Sheffield

The firm was established in Birmingham in 1800 by William Hutton, and was transferred to Sheffield in 1832. After the founder's death the business was continued under the style of William Hutton by his son William Carr Hutton. The firm was transformed in William Hutton & Son (1864, in partnership with his son Herbert), William Hutton & Sons (1865: after the death of William Carr) and William Hutton & Sons Ltd from 1893 to 1930. In 1930 goodwill transferred to James Dixon & Sons Ltd. The firm used the trade mark "
CROSS ARROWS" (6 or 8 arrows) after the acquisition of Creswick & Co (c. 1900). Other trade marks were ANGLE PLATE and ARROW PLATE. The "RH" mark refers to Robert Hutton.

OLD IMAGES OF THE FACTORY

WILLIAM HUTTON & SONS: HISTORY and MARKS


William Hutton & Sons Sheffield: a 1895 advertisement

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1500 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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