ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Fa-Fh

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
Elizabeth Jane Fairbairns - London Elizabeth Jane Fairbairns - London Elizabeth Jane Fairbairns - London
ELIZABETH JANE FAIRBAIRNS
London and Sheffield
Thomas Richard Fairbairns - London and Sgeffield
THOMAS RICHARD FAIRBAIRNS
London and Sheffield
Active as electroplate, cutlery and silverplate manufacturer at 65 St. Mary-axe, London and Cambridge Street, Sheffield. Went in bankruptcy in 1892




William  Fairbairns - London William  Fairbairns & Sons- London
WILLIAM FAIRBAIRNS & SONS
London
c. 1880/1890
Farrow & Jackson Ltd - London and Paris Farrow & Jackson Ltd- London and Paris Farrow & Jackson - London and Paris Farrow & Jackson - London and Paris Farrow & Jackson Ltd - London and Paris
FARROW & JACKSON
FARROW & JACKSON LTD
London & Paris
Active at 24, Eastminster and 91, Mansell St. Aldgate, London (late 18th century to circa 1900). Wine and Spirit Merchants and General Engineers, their marks are found on Britannia metal, iron, steel, copper alloys and silver-plated goods




Fattorini & Sons - Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford Fattorini & Sons Ltd - Bradford Fattorini & Sons - Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford Fattorini & Sons - Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford Fattorini & Sons - Bolton & Skipton Fattorini & Sons Ltd Fattorini & Sons - Bradford Fattorini & Sons - Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford Fattorini & Sons - Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford
FATTORINI & SONS
FATTORINI & SONS LTD
Kirkgate & Westgate, Bradford
The business was founded in Leeds by Antonio Fattorini. In 1831 he moved to Harrogate, Yorkshire. The firm changed its style to A. Fattorini & Sons opening a branch at Kirkgate, Bradford, Yorkshire. After the death of Antonio Fattorini the business was continued until 1859 by Maria Fattorini, Innocent Fattorini and John Fattorini. Afterwards the firm was managed by John and Edward Fattorini as Fattorini & Sons. The firm was converted into a limited liability company in 1909 as Fattorini & Sons Ltd. The firm was bought by Thomas Fattorini Ltd in 1984 and is still active in Birmingham


FATTORINI & SONS: HISTORY AND INFORMATION PAGE

R. Favell, Elliot & Co - Sheffield Rupert Favell & Co - London (possibly) R. Favell, Elliot & Co - Sheffield
RUPERT FAVELL & CO
FAVELL, ELLIOT & CO
London & Sheffield
Rupert Favell was active under the style Rupert Favell & Co at Bedford (Plate) Works, Bucknall St, New Oxford Street, London (1879-1883). Henry Elliott joined Favell in 1883 and the firm was changed to Favell, Elliott & Co. The firm was active also at 13 Norfolk Lane, Sheffield (1884-1891). In 1890, after the retirement of Elliott, the firm was restyled Rupert Favell & Co and in 1893 was acquired by William Hutton & Sons.




Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield Fenton Brothers Sheffield (possibly) Fenton Brothers Sheffield (possibly) Fenton Brothers Sheffield (possibly) Fenton Brothers Sheffield (possibly)
FENTON BROTHERS
FENTON BROTHERS LTD
Sheffield

Firm established in 1875 at South Moor Works, East Street, Sheffield by John Frederick Fenton and Frank Fenton. The firm was converted into a limited liability company in 1896 under the style Fenton Brothers Ltd.
Joseph Fenton & Sons - Sheffield
JOSEPH FENTON & SONS
Sheffield
Active from 1870s at Sykes Works at Eyre St. and 40 Matilda Street, Sheffield




Fenton, Russel & Co Ltd - Edinburgh Fenton, Russel & Co Ltd - Edinburgh
FENTON, RUSSEL & CO LTD
Edinburgh
Business established in 1822 by Bailie Thomas Russel at Hunter Square, Edinburgh. The business was continued in 1853 by James Fenton in partnership with Ferguson. The partnership was dissolved in 1876 and continued by James Fenton under the old name of Thomas Russel & Co. In 1900 the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style Fenton, Russel & Co Ltd.

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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