ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ia-Jz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|   
George Ibberson & Co - Sheffield GEORGE IBBERSON
GEORGE IBBERSON & CO
Sheffield
Active at Central Works, 102 West St as George Ibberson (1894-1900) and as George Ibberson & Co (1901-1911). George Ibberson & Co was active at Violin Works, 112-116 Rockingham St, Sheffield from 1912 until 1932.
James Jay - London James Jay - London James Jay - London James Jay - London JAMES JAY
London
James Jay was active since 1867 at 366 Essex Road. In 1887 purchased stock and premises of Richard Attenborough at 142-144 Oxford Street. In 1897 the firm became James Jay Ltd and in 1904 Jay, Richard Attenborough & Co Ltd. The business was closed after 1950. The firm used the trade mark MAJESTIC PLATE
John Jenkins & Herbert Timm - Sheffield John Jenkins & Herbert Timm - Sheffield John Jenkins & Herbert Timm - Sheffield John Jenkins & Herbert Timm - Sheffield John Jenkins & Herbert Timm - Sheffield JENKINS & TIMM
Sheffield
John Jenkins and Herbert Timm, active at 23 Orchard Lane (1894-1900), Pensilvia Works, 188-196 Solly St, (1901-1914), 34 Eyre St, Sheffield (1915-1930). In 1915 the firm was converted to a "Ltd"
Charles Jenner & Co - Edinburgh CHARLES JENNER & CO
JENNERS EDINBURGH
Edinburgh
A large Department Store founded in 1838 as Kennington & Jenner at 47 Princes Street, Edinburgh by Charles Jenner and Charles Kennington. The firm became Charles Jenner & Co and later Jenners Edinburgh.
Johnson & Co - Birmingham JOHNSON & CO
Birmingham
1879-1899
Christopher Johnson & Co, Sheffield Christopher Johnson & Co, Sheffield Christopher Johnson & Co, Sheffield Christopher Johnson & Co, Sheffield CHRISTOPHER JOHNSON & CO
CHRISTOPHER JOHNSON (CUTLERS) LTD
Sheffield
Western Works, 207-223 Portobello St, Sheffield (1868-1955). Maker of every type of cutlery from table knives to hunting knives. The firm sold plated-ware and registered silver marks in Sheffield in 1890 and 1903. It was converted into Ltd in 1939 and in 1955 it was bought by Wostenholm and the factory was closed. The firm used as trade mark a flag enclosing its initials C.J
Christopher Johnson (Cutlers) Ltd, Sheffield
R.M. Johnson & Co, Sheffield Lucas & Johnson, Sheffield R.M. Johnson & Co, Sheffield R.M JOHNSON & CO
LUCAS & JOHNSON
Sheffield
Active at Shoreham Works, Shoreham St, Sheffield (1876-1881)
Johnson, Durban & Co.Ltd - Birmingham JOHNSON, DURBAN & CO LTD
Birmingham
Active at Aston Road and Hubert Street, Birmingham. Entered marks in Birmingham Assay Office in 1897 and 1904


E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1500 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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