ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ya-Yz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
James Yates - Birmingham
JAMES YATES
Birmingham
James Yates entered in 1837 in the pewter business managed by his father John Yates. The firm was active as Yates & Birch until 1860, continuing as James Yates until 1902, when merged with Gaskett & Chambers. The firm production was largely concentrated in the manufacture of bellied measures and beer mugs




A 1856 advertisement of JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham, c. 1880 (dedication) JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham, c. 1880 (dedication) JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham JOHN YATES & SONS, Birmingham
JOHN YATES & SONS
Birmingham
In a 1856 advertisement John Yates and Sons is described as active at Pritchet Street, Birmingham. Owner of ALBATA PLATE's patent. The firm used the trade mark SILVERN.
In 1858 Yohn Yates advertised as makers of "Crown and Britannia Metal manufacturer, established in 1780, at 37-38 Coleshill Street, Birmingham". An 1870 catalog describes the firm as "Crown & Britannia Metal, Spoons & Ladles, soap & dressing, case boxes, Railway Whistles, Dog calls and a large variety of other articles"





YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY a division of Douglas Pell Silverware YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY a division of Douglas Pell Silverware YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY a division of Douglas Pell Silverware YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY a division of Douglas Pell Silverware YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY a division of Douglas Pell Silverware
YEOMAN OF ENGLAND COMPANY
Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire
Business established 1897. Now a division of Douglas Pell Silverware (founded in 1972). Concentrates on making silver plated items, both in giftware and tableware. It is the silver giftware supplier to Harrods and other prestigious names world-wide, including Asprey & Garrard, Royal Palaces, Liberty, Fortnum & Mason, Goldsmiths.
Israel Yudelman & Sons - Sheffield (possibly) Israel Yudelman & Sons - Sheffield (possibly) Israel Yudelman & Sons - Sheffield (possibly)
ISRAEL YUDELMAN & SONS
Sheffield (possibly)
Israel Yudelman was a cutlery and flatware maker born in Russia and operating in Sheffield from c. 1880. Active at Westfield Terrace, Sheffield (1905-1925). He obtained British nationality in 1909. The firm used the trade marks LILLIE SILVER and SJAMBOK




E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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