ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ep-Ez

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
EP: a generic mark for Electro Plate EP: a generic mark for Electro Plate
E P
a generic mark for Electro Plated, often used together with a "crown"
EPBM Electro Plated Britannia Metal EPBM Electro Plated Britannia Metal




E P B M
a generic mark for Electro Plated Britannia Metal used together or inside maker's mark

MORE ABOUT
EPBM - EPNS MARKS

Electro Plated Copper Alloy




E P C A
a generic mark for Electro Plated Copper Alloy used together or inside maker's mark
Electro Plated German Silver Electro Plated German Silver Electro Plated German Silver Electro Plated German Silver
E P G S
a generic mark for Electro Plated German Silver used alone or together or inside maker's mark
Electro Plate. Meaning of 'K' unknown
E P K
a generic mark (meaning of 'K' unknown)
Electro Plate. M'MM' meaning, possibly, METAL MOUNTS
EPMM
a generic mark ('MM' meaning, possibly, METAL MOUNTS)
EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver + SILVER DEPOSIT EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EP on NS Electro Plated on Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver EPNS Electro Plated Nickel Silver
E P N S
a generic mark for Electro Plated Nickel Silver used together or without maker's mark

MORE ABOUT
EPBM - EPNS MARKS



EPOB
EPOB
a generic mark for Electro Plated On Brass
used together or inside maker's mark
EP ON COPPER a generic mark for  Electro Plated wares EP ON COPPER a generic mark for  Electro Plated wares EP ON COPPER a generic mark for  Electro Plated wares EP ON COPPER a generic mark for  Electro Plated wares
EP ON COPPER
E P C
EP on C
a generic mark for Electro Plated wares used together or inside maker's mark
EPWM
EPWM
a generic mark for Electro Plated White Metal
used together or inside maker's mark
ESM
ESMC
a generic mark for Electroplated Silver Mounts on Copper (possibly)
The system of stamping separate mounts was used mostly in Old Sheffield plate. The silver mounts were struck in thin silver from dies cut in long strips, and when filled with solder (composed of lead and tin) they could readily be bent into any shape or form required. The ESMC symbol was found in a silverplate
teapot (maker Austin & Dodson & Co) with applied silver mounts supporting the handle
Evans & Matthews - Birmingham Evans & Matthews - Birmingham Evans & Matthews - Birmingham Evans & Matthews - Birmingham
EVANS & MATTHEWS
Birmingham
Manufacturing and furnishing ironmongers and cutlers. Active at 80 Bull St, Birmingham. Retailer of James Dixon & Sons electroplated wares
Samuel Evans - Birmingham (possibly) Samuel Evans - Birmingham
SAMUEL EVANS
SAMUEL EVANS & SONS
Birmingham
Active c. 1875
S.F. Evans & Co - Birmingham




S.F. EVANS & CO
Birmingham
Active c. 1894

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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