ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ka-Kz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
Kay & Co - Worcester - possibly - Kay & Co - Worcester - possibly - Kay & Co - Worcester - possibly - Kay & Co - Worcester - possibly -
KAY & CO
Worcester (possibly)
possibly William Kilbourne Kay trading as a "Kay's Universal Store of Worcester" and Kay & Co Ltd (after 1895). Their early catalogues deal mostly with jewellery, watches, clocks and household items
Kayser, Ellison  & Co - Sheffield
KAYSER, ELLISON & CO
KAYSER, ELLISON & CO LTD
Sheffield
formerly Wilson, Hawksworth, Ellison & Co, became Ltd in 1901. Active at Carlisle Works, Carlisle St/Sunderland St, Sheffield




Keep Brothers - Birmingham
KEEP BROTHERS
Birmingham
Kemp Brothers - Bristol using the trade mark MARTINOID of Martin Hall & Co Sheffield Kemp Brothers - Bristol Kemp Brothers - Bristol Kemp Brothers - Bristol Kemp Brothers - Bristol Kemp Brothers - Bristol
KEMP BROTHERS
Bristol

Business established in 1890 at 4 Union Street Bristol. Partners were Charles Wilson Kemp, Charles Milford Kemp, Arthur Sidney Kemp, Ella Gladys Kemp and Harry E. Tyrrell.




Kendal & Dent - London Kendal & Dent - London
KENDAL & DENT
London

watchmakers at 106 Cheapside, London. Business established in 1871. In 1883 James Francis Kendal entered a sterling silver mark at London Assay Office
Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow Kerr & Phillips - Glasgow
KERR & PHILLIPS
Glasgow
Active at Gordon Street and Buchanan Street, Glasgow




Keswick School of Industrial Art Keswick School of Industrial Art
KESWICK SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART

Keswick School of Industrial Art (KSIA) was founded in 1884 by Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley and his wife Edith as an evening class of repoussé‚ metalwork in the Crosthwaite Parish Rooms, just outside Keswick, Cumbria. The school closed in 1984, having faced increasing pressure from imported goods
King's Ltd - Hull
KING'S LTD
Hull
not identified
Kirby, Beard & Co - Birmingham
A 1856 advertisement of Kirby, Beard & Co - Birmingham
KIRBY, BEARD & CO LTD
Birmingham & Redditch
Active in Lion Works, Birmingham. Manufacturers of pins and needles




Thomas E. Kitchin & Co - Sheffield
THOMAS E. KITCHIN & CO
Sheffield
Manufacturers of cutlery of all kinds since c. 1868

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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