ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ea-Eo

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
T.W.Eaton & Co. - Sheffield T.W.Eaton - Sheffield
THOMAS WIGFALL EATON
T.W. EATON & CO
Sheffield
Active at Radford St, 19 New Church St (1864-1898), Albert Works 28 Cambridge St (1899-1903) and 220 Solly St, Sheffield (1904-1911). Electroplating was started in 1904




Edward & Sons - Glasgow Edward & Sons - Glasgow
GEORGE EDWARD
EDWARD & SONS
EDWARD & SONS LTD
Glasgow & London
Founded in Glasgow by George Edward in 1838 mainly as a retail business. They acquired the premises at 92, Buchanan Street by 1863, later extending it to take in No.96. In c.1874 they opened a London branch at Mansion House Buildings, on Cheapside. Edward & Sons were converted into a limited liability company in 1925. The company relocated to 67, St. Vincent Street, Glasgow, in 1963, and were later absorbed in the Mappin & Webb group of companies.
Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Cardinal Plate by Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Cardinal Plate by Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. - Birmingham Elkington & Co. - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham Elkington & Co. Ltd - Birmingham
ELKINGTON & CO LTD
Birmingham

OLD IMAGES OF THE FACTORY

Elkington & Co HISTORY, MARKS, DATE LETTERS


Elkington, Mason & Co A 1858 advertisement of Elkington, Mason & Co
ELKINGTON, MASON & CO
Birmingham
In 1842 Elkington and Co received financial backing from Josiah Mason and the firm was renamed Elkington, Mason and Co between 1842 and 1861. In this period the firm introduced electro-typing as a new method of production for silver-plated items.




Thomas Ellin & CO acting as plater of ware manufactured by Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Ellin & Co - Sheffield Thomas Ellin & Co - Sheffield: trade mark VULCAN Thomas Ellin & Co - Sheffield: trade mark CUTTER
THOMAS ELLIN & CO
Sheffield
Active at Sylvester Works, Arundel Street, Sheffield. The firm used the trademarks VULCAN and CUTTER. Found also pieces marked with Ellin name supplied for electroplating by
Thomas Otley & Sons and bearing Otley's figural trade mark (Mechanical man)
Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield: advertisement Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield Joseph Elliot & Sons - Sheffield
JOSEPH ELLIOT & SONS
JOSEPH ELLIOT & SONS (SHEFFIELD) LTD
Sheffield
Joseph Elliot and Sons (Sheffield) Limited was established as a private limited company in 1927. The company's history however dates back to the Joseph Elliot and Sons business that was founded in 1795 at 4 Hollis Croft, Sheffield.
In 1921 Joseph Elliot and Sons was incorporated by Sheffield Cutlery Manufacturers Limited.
The firm was active at Hollis Croft (until 1923), Spital Works, Spital St. (until 1926), Granville Works, 1 Sylvester St., Sheffield (from 1926) changing its name to Cutlery Agencies Limited.
In the early 1970s the firm was taken by J Dewsnap Bowler Limited, Sylvester Works, Sylvester Street, Sheffield.
Subsidiaries of Joseph Elliot and Sons (Sheffield) Limited include:
I. and J. Barber, Colquhoun and Cadman Limited, Thomas Ellin and Company Limited, Lockwood Brothers Limited, John Wigfall and Company Limited, John Wilson and Company Limited




Charles Ellis & Co - Sheffield
CHARLES ELLIS & CO
Sheffield
Active at 39-57 Norfolk St, Sheffield (1855-1900)
George Ellis Ltd - Sheffield (possibly)
GEORGE ELLIS
G. ELLIS LTD
Sheffield (possibly)
Active at 100-102 Charles St. and 8 Albany Rd. Sheffield (c.1905)
Isaac Ellis & Sons - Sheffield
ISAAC ELLIS & SONS
Sheffield
Active at Portland Works, 55 Arundel Street, Sheffield. The firm used the trademark PRIMUS

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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