ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ta-Uz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
Henry Tatton - Edinburgh
HENRY TATTON
HENRY TATTON & SON LTD
Edinburgh
Henry Tatton (1868-1953) was active at 30 Rose Street, Edinburgh (1892). In 1936 the firm became Henry Tatton & Son Ltd, with Henry Tatton and his son Henry Roy Tatton as managing directors. The firm made acquisitions of other business: James Paterson & Sons, jewellers (1923), Sutherland and Horne, jewellers and silversmiths (1930), James Kirkwood & Son (1939) and Dykes Brothers Ltd (Glasgow, 1942).
Taunton & Johnson - Birmingham Taunton & Johnson - Birmingham (possibly) Taunton & Johnson - Birmingham
TAUNTON & JOHNSON
Birmingham
Active at 46 Broad Street and 296 Broad Street, Birmingham.
William Tay & Sons - Birmingham William Tay & Sons - Birmingham William Tay & Sons Ltd - Birmingham William Tay & Sons Ltd - Birmingham William Tay & Sons - Birmingham
WILLIAM TAY & SONS
WILLIAM TAY & SONS LTD
Birmingham
Active at 30/34 Leopold Street, Birmingham. London Offices: 24 Garlick Hill, EC. Listed Exhibitor at the 1922 British Industries Fair as Manufacturers of Electro-plated and Nickel Silver Spoons and Forks, Cased Goods, Presentation Canteens, Home and Export. The firm used the trade mark MEDALLION
T.R. Tawker & Sons, Madras
T.R. TAWKER & SONS
Madras INDIA
Active at Mount Road, Madras as Diamond Merchants and Mounters, Manufacturing Jewellers, Gold and Silver-smiths, Watch and Clock Makers, Electro-Platers, Gilders (from a 1901 Advertisement)
F.B. Thomas & Co - London F.B. Thomas & Co - London F.B. Thomas & Co - London
F.B. THOMAS & CO
London
A retail and manufacturing silversmith business established in 1759 by John William Thomas. Became F.B. Thomas & Co in 1871 when Francis Boone Thomas took the control of the firm. The business was closed in 1943 c.
Albert Henry Thompson - Sheffield Albert Henry Thompson - Sheffield
ALBERT HENRY THOMPSON
Sheffield
Active at 10-16 Regent St, Sheffield (1886-1911)
E.L. Thompson & Co - Sheffield



E.L. THOMPSON & CO
Sheffield
Edward Landers Thompson active at 22 Mary St. (1883-1886), Central works, 98 West St. (1887-1909) 12 Wostenholm Rd. 1(1910-1914)
Thornhill - London
WALTER THORNHILL
London
The firm established in 1734 by Joseph Gibbs changed its style in early 19th century to Morley & Thornhill. The firm changed to Thornhill & Co (1820), Walter Thornhill (1850), Walter Thornhill & Co (1875) Walter Thornhill & Co Ltd (1895) and Walter Thornhill & Co (1905).
Frederick Ellis Timm & Co - Sheffield Frederick Ellis Timm & Co - Sheffield
FREDERICK ELLIS TIMM & CO
Sheffield
11 Hawley Croft (1850-1863), 10 Regent St. (1864-1886), 9 Eyre Lane (1887-1896), Surrey Lane (1897-1910), 137-139 Arundel St (1910-1918). Originally he traded solely out of Belfield St. (c 1858-1860) specialising in handles and cups
James Walter Tiptaft - Birmingham



JAMES WALTER TIPTAFT
Birmingham
Founded in 1882 by James Walter Tiptaft who went in partnership with his son Norman in 1909. The firm was sold to Blanckensee in the late 1930s.
A F & J Tofield - Sheffield
A.F & J. TOFIELD
Sheffield
Alfred Francis Tofield active at 113 Eldon St., 1884-1886. From 1887 to 1900 teamed up with James Tofield as A F & J Tofield
George Travis & Co (possibly) - Sheffield George Travis & Co - Sheffield George Travis & Co - Sheffield
GEORGE TRAVIS & CO
Sheffield
Formerly Russel & Travis. George Travis & Co active at Clarence Works 69 Charles St. Sheffield (1864-1867) and at 13 Bath St. (1867-1908). Later converted into Travis Wilson & Co Ltd (1908-1967)
Travis Wilson & Co - Sheffield
TRAVIS WILSON & CO LTD
Sheffield
Succeded to George Travis & Co. The firm joined to George Lee and was active at Clarence Works, Bath Street, Sheffield (1908-1967). In 1967 they joined the Julius Isaacs Group. Julius Isaacs Group joined the Pinder Bros' Group in 1981. Pinder Bros acquired Pilgrim Pewter in 1992 and Travis, Wilson became the Groups main manufacturer and distributor of pewterware. The firm used the trade marks MANOR PEWTER and MANOR PERIOD PEWTER. Travis Wilson & Co is an excellent example of one of many Sheffield firms which produced wares under the trade name of Britannia Metal in the 19th century and then produced the same wares in the 20th century under the trade description of Sheffield Pewter.
James Truscott - Tenby
JAMES TRUSCOTT
Tenby
James Truscott (1847-1937) established his business in Tudor Square, Tenby in 1870. He moved in 1883 to new premises at 13 High Street on the corner of St. Nicholas Lane where the firm continued the trade until its closure (1937). In the 1880's James Truscott designed and patented the 'Tenby Hot Water Jug'. Made from hand-hammered pewter, the jug had a special handle that was cold to hold. It was available in bright and satin finish.

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Thomas Turner & Co - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co Ltd - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co- Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co Ltd - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co - Sheffield Thomas Turner & Co - Sheffield
THOMAS TURNER & CO
T. TURNER & CO LTD
Sheffield
Active in electroplating from 1883 at Suffolk Works, 1 Suffolk Rd, Sheffield (1867-1940). The firm changed to T. Turner & Co Ltd in 1918. In 1919 it became part of Sheffield Cutlery Manufacturers Ltd, an amalgamation led by Needham, Veall & Tyzack. In 1932 the firm fell in bankrupt and the business was bought by Viners. The firm used the trade marks ENCORE, PEDIGREE SILVER, TALBOT (pewter wares: 1920's and 1930's)
John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield - possibly - John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton & Co Ltd - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton - Sheffield John Turton & Co - Sheffield
JOHN TURTON
JOHN TURTON & CO
JOHN TURTON & CO LTD
Sheffield
John Turton, active 1876-1898 at 23-24 Times Building Bow St. Sheffield.
Became John Turton & Co and was converted into a limited liability company in 1910. Active at Kendal Works 57 Arundel St. Sheffield (1898-1916).
The firm used the trade mark BUXBRIDGE and CADENA



John Tyler - Sheffield



JOHN TYLER
Sheffield
Active at New Brunswick St (1836-1869), starting electroplating in 1861. The business was took over by his son William Tyler in 1870 (until 1900). In 1901 the firm became William Tyler & Sons (until 1929)
William Tyler - Sheffield
WILLIAM TYLER
WILLIAM TYLER & SON
Sheffield
Active at 11/13 & 15 Brunswick Rd, Sheffield. In 1901 the firm became William Tyler & Son. The origin of the firm dates to 1836 (John Tyler).
George Unite - Birmingham
GEORGE UNITE
Birmingham
Business established in 1825 in Birmingham by George Unite. The firm was listed as George Unite & Sons (1865-1928) and as George Unite Sons & Lyde Ltd from 1928
Unwin & Rodgers - Sheffield Unwin & Rodgers - Sheffield
UNWIN & RODGERS
UNWIN & RODGERS LTD
Sheffield
active from 1851 at Rockingam Works and Globe Works, Penistone Road, Sheffield. In 1879 became a Ltd. The firm used a brand NON XLL

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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