ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Si-Sz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
Frederick Sibray, J.F. Hall & Co - Sheffield Frederick Sibray, J.F. Hall & Co - Sheffield
FREDERICK SIBRAY, J.F. HALL & Co
Sheffield
1878-1918 at Fitzwalter Works, 111-115 St. Mary's Rd, Sheffield. Became 'Ltd' in 1897
Silber & Fleming - London Silber & Fleming - London Silber & Fleming - London
SILBER & FLEMING
SILBER & FLEMING LTD
London
a business registered in 1880 at 56, Wood Street, Cheapside, London EC (sole proprietor Albert Marcius Silber, 1833-1886). The firm became a limited liability company in 1886 and was acquired in 1898 by Faudel Phillips & Sons.
R. Silk - Birmingham
R. SILK
Birmingham
close plater, Birmingham 1809




R. Silk - Birmingham
S.W. SILVER & CO
London
Active at Cornhill and Bond Street, London. Established in the 18th Century by Stephen Winkworth Silver as army and colonial agents
J.B. Silvester - Birmingham J.B. Silvester - Birmingham
JOHN BARTLEET SILVESTER
Birmingham & London
Active (c.1872) at 11/12 Parade, Birmingham and 30 Holborn Ely Pl, London
B&J Sippel Ltd - Sheffield B&J Sippel Ltd - Sheffield (courtesy Frazer Ley)
B & J SIPPEL LTD
Sheffield
Sipelia Cutlery Works, Cadman Street/Blast Lane, Sheffield. Founded in the 1930s by Benno (died 1946) and J. Sippel, two Jewish brothers relocated from Germany to Sheffield in 1931. The factory was still active in the 1950s (closed c. 1960/1970)
Albert Skinner & Co - Sheffield
ALBERT SKINNER & CO
Sheffield
9 Eyre St: 1891-1893
217 Shoreham St.: 1894-1897
William Jun & George Sissons - Sheffield & London
WILLIAM (JR) & GEORGE SISSONS
Sheffield & London
Active at 9 Eyre St and 75 St Mary's Rd, Sheffield

go to
W & G SISSONS HISTORY AND MARKS

Slack Brothers - Sheffield
SLACK BROTHERS
Sheffield
Active c. 1862 at Leicester Works, Sheffield
Sanders & Blackband - Birmingham Sanders & Blackband - Birmingham Slack & Barlow - Sheffield Slack & Barlow - Sheffield Slack & Barlow Ltd - Sheffield
SLACK & BARLOW
SLACK & BARLOW SHEFFIELD LTD
Sheffield
Active in the 1930s at 14 Sycamore St, Sheffield. In 1947 the firm became Slack & Barlow Sheffield Ltd using the trade mark SILVERPRIDE. In 1974 the firm was active in Silverpride Works, Matilda Street, Sheffield. The firm was dissolved in March 1994.


Slack & Barlow Ltd - Sheffield

Slater Brothers Slater Brothers Slater Brothers
SLATER BROTHERS
Sheffield
Active at 94 Scotland St (1884-1888), Beehive Works, 159-165 Fitzwilliam St (1889-1904), 105 Arundel St. Sheffield (1904-1911). The firm succeeded in 1884 to J.Slater & Son. VENTURE was a trade mark




N.Smith & Co - Waingate - Sheffield
N.SMITH & CO
Waingate - Sheffield
(Old Sheffield plate - mark entered 1784)
Smith Seymour Ltd - Sheffield Smith Seymour Ltd - Sheffield Smith Seymour Ltd - Sheffield
SMITH SEYMOUR LTD
Sheffield
The firm used the trade mark KENILWORTH
R. & W. Sorley - Glasgow
R.& W. SORLEY
Glasgow
a partnership of William Sorley and William Steele. Active at Kingsborough Terrace and 89 Hyndland Rd., Glasgow
Southern & Richardson - Sheffield
SOUTHERN & RICHARDSON
Sheffield
Active in Don Cutlery Works at Doncaster St, Sheffield (1863-c.1900). Established as a cutlery firm, a more complete line of electroplated wares was added from 1887.
Spear & Jackson - Sheffield Spear & Jackson - Sheffield Spear & Jackson - Sheffield Spear & Jackson - Sheffield
SPEAR & JACKSON
Sheffield
A partnership founded in 1830 by Alexander Spear and Sam Jackson. Active at Aetna Works, Savile St East, Sheffield. In 1985 the firm was bought by Neill Tools and renamed Spear & Jackson plc in 1995




Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London John Walter Spurrier - Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London Arthur Elwell Spurrier & Co - London
SPURRIER & CO
London and Birmingham
Arthur Elwell Spurrier was active in 1883 at 35 Coleman Street, London (showrooms). In the same year A.E. Spurrier entered sterling hallmarks in London.
In 1890 Spurrier & Co were active at 14 George Street, Birmingham (works) and 42 Wool Exchange, Coleman Street, London (showrooms).
In 1892 Spurrier & Co was active at Holland Street Works (Birmingham) with showrooms at 13 George Street, Birmingham and 29 Coleman Street, London. In the same date Spurrier & Co advertised as owner of the JB&S trade mark (Jonas Bowen & Sons).


SPURRIER & CO: HISTORY & MARKS

William Spurrier - Birmingham William Spurrier - Birmingham William Spurrier - Birmingham
WILLIAM SPURRIER
WILLIAM SPURRIER LTD
Birmingham
The business was established in 1844 by William Spurrier. The firm was present with its products at the London Great Exhibition (1851) and International Exhibition (1862). In an 1858 advertisement William Spurrier is described as manufacturer of "Electro Silver Plate & Britannia Metal, 5 Newhall Street, Birmingham".
In the "1861 London Guide to Silversmiths Goldsmiths Jewelers Watchmakers Opticians" the firm is listed with Warehouse at 4, Barge Yards, Bucklersbury, E.C. London.
William Spurrier Ltd was active c. 1880/1884 at 81 Colmore Rw, Birmingham and Wool Exchange, Coleman Street, London

OLD IMAGES OF THE FACTORY

WILLIAM SPURRIER: HISTORY & MARKS

A 1858 advertisement of William Spurrier - Birmingham 1861 London Guide to Silversmiths Goldsmiths Jewelers Watchmakers Opticians

Ebenezer Stacey  & Sons - Sheffield Ebenezer Stacey  & Sons - Sheffield Ebenezer Stacey  & Sons - Sheffield Ebenezer Stacey  & Sons - Sheffield
E. STACEY & SON
E. STACEY & SONS
Sheffield
Ebenezer Stacey's was the nephew of John Vickers (originator of Britannia metal industry). At Vickers' retirement (1936), Ebenezer entered in the partnership Rutherford, Stacey, West & Co which continued to use of Vikers' mark. In 1843 Ebenezer opened his own business at 40 Garden St, Sheffield. In 1857 the firm became E. Stacey & Son and later (possibly c.1870) E. Stacey & Sons. The partners were John Vickers Stacey and Arthur John Stacey. The partnership was dissolved by mutual consent on January 18, 1888. Later the business was taken over by Hodges Brothers, 20 Fitzwilliams St (1921-1934).
J.B. Stagg  & Sons - Birmingham
J.BERNARD STAGG
J.B. STAGG & SONS
Birmingham & London
J. Bernard Stagg, active at 54 Hockley Hill, Birmingham and 37/38 Hatton Garden, London
Stardpon & Son - Sheffield
STARDPON & SON
Sheffield
Active at 12 Holly Street, Sheffield. No further information is available
Stephenson & Sons - Manchester & Sheffield Stephenson & Sons - Manchester & Sheffield Stephenson & Sons - Manchester & Sheffield
STEPHENSON & SONS
Manchester & Sheffield
c. 1910. The firm used the trade mark PALATINE PLATE
R Stevenson &a Co - Sheffield
R. STEVENSON & CO
Sheffield
Active at 27-29 Carver St, Sheffield (1894-1900)
Stevenson & Law - Sheffield Stevenson & Law - Sheffield
STEVENSON & LAW
Sheffield
Active at Carver Street 103-105, Sheffield
Robert Stewart - Glasgow (possibly)
ROBERT STEWART
Glasgow (possibly)
Stokes & Son - Melbourne (Australia)
STOKES & SON
Melbourne (Australia)
A business founded by Thomas Stokes (c. 1857). Became Stokes & Martin (1873), Stokes & Son (c.1893), Stokes & Son Pty Ltd (1911) and Stokes (Australasia) Pty Ltd (1962).




Stower & Wragg - Sheffield(possibly)
STOWER & WRAGG
Sheffield (possibly)
Eyre Street, Sheffield. Active 1934 - 1967. Entered in 1931 a sterling silver hallmark in Sheffield Assay Office
Henry Stratford  Ltd - Sheffield Henry Stratford - Sheffield Henry Stratford - Sheffield Henry Stratford - Sheffield
HENRY STRATFORD
HENRY STRATFORD LTD
Sheffield
Active as William & Henry Stratford at 10 Surrey St (1855-1857) and 1 New Church St (1858-1878). Henry Stratford continued the activity solely at 92 Harwood St, Sheffield (1878-1930). From 1900 the firm became Henry Stratford Ltd
B. Street & Co - Birmingham
B. STREET & CO
Birmingham
Active c. 1916-1927
Richard Ford Sturges - Birmingham Richard Ford Sturges - Birmingham Richard Ford Sturges - Birmingham
RICHARD FORD STURGES
Birmingham
Active at Broad Street, Birmingham (1849-c.1863)
Sturges, Bladon  & Middleton - Birmingham Sturges, Bladon  & Middleton - Birmingham
STURGES, BLADON & MIDDLETON
Birmingham
Active at Regent Place, Birmingham. The firm was a Listed Exhibitor at the 1947 British Industries Fair, where it was described as manufacturer of Knighthood Old English Pewterware, Tea and Coffee Sets, Trays, Tankards, Condiment Sets, Casserole Dishes, Fruit and Cake Baskets
William Suckling - Birmingham (possibly) Suckling Ltd - Birmingham Suckling Ltd - Birmingham William Suckling - Birmingham (possibly) Suckling Ltd - Birmingham William Suckling - Birmingham William Suckling - Birmingham (possibly) William Suckling - Birmingham (possibly) William Suckling - Birmingham William Suckling - Birmingham (possibly)
WILLIAM SUCKLING
WILLIAM SUCKLING & SON
SUCKLING LTD
Birmingham
Founded by William Suckling in 1895, the company specialized in a very large range of silver-plated holloware marketed under the trade names BURMESE, REGIS PLATE, KINGSWAY PLATE and PLATINE METAL. The firm went out of business in 1965. The firm was active at 40 Tenby St, 35 Albion St and 5 Pope St, Birmingham. The "signpost" mark was used also by William R. Shirtcliffe of Sheffield
(see other page)
An ancient advertisement of Sutherland & Horne - Edinburgh Sutherland & Horne - Edinburgh) Sutherland & Horne - Edinburgh)
SUTHERLAND & HORNE
Edinburgh
The firm was established in 1820 and was active at 10A South St, Andrew St, Edinburgh as manufacturing and wholesale jewellers, watchmakers and silversmiths. The firm was incorporated into Henry Tatton & Son (Henry and Edward Tatton), c. 1930

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

English home page
This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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